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Träfflista för sökning "WFRF:(Svensson Lennart 1954 ) "

Sökning: WFRF:(Svensson Lennart 1954 )

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  • Dahlöf, Björn, 1953, et al. (författare)
  • Addition of the calcium antagonist PN 200-110 to pindolol markedly augments the antihypertensive effect in essential hypertension.
  • 1987
  • Ingår i: Journal of cardiovascular pharmacology. - 0160-2446. ; 10 Suppl 10, s. S102-4
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Several large-scale studies have recently drawn attention to the fact that arterial hypertension frequently is inadequately controlled and that therapeutic alternatives other than the commonly employed stepped-care treatment may be needed in order to obtain normotension. For this reason PN 200-110, a new dihydropyridine calcium antagonist--at two different dose levels (average 3.8 mg b.i.d. or 5.7 mg b.i.d.)--or placebo was added in a double-blind cross-over trial to pindolol, 10 mg per day, in 20 patients with essential hypertension, after an initial 3-week placebo period. Ionized calcium in serum was determined repeatedly during the study. From an initial level of 157/100 mm Hg, PN 200-110 at the first dose level reduced blood pressure by 14/11 mm Hg (p less than 0.01/0.001) and at the second dose level reduced blood pressure by 22/18 mm Hg (p less than 0.001/0.001). The reduction in mean arterial pressure was significantly correlated to age (=0.050, p less than 0.05). There was no significant increase in heart rate, nor were there any significant correlations between ionized calcium and the effect of PN 200-110 nor between the changes in ionized calcium and the changes in blood pressure. Adverse effects were few and mild. One patient had to be withdrawn because of side effects, probably not related to the investigated drugs. Thus, addition of PN 200-110 to hypertensive patients treated with pindolol caused highly significant and clinically relevant further reductions in arterial pressure. The results show that a combination of this kind offers the possibility of good blood pressure control.
  • Dahlöf, Björn, 1953, et al. (författare)
  • Potentiation of the antihypertensive effect of enalapril by randomized addition of different doses of hydrochlorothiazide.
  • 1985
  • Ingår i: Journal of hypertension. Supplement : official journal of the International Society of Hypertension. - 0952-1178. ; 3:3, s. S483-6
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The purpose of this study was to evaluate the potentiating effect of hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ) 12.5 or 25 mg once daily when added in a placebo-controlled double-blind randomized study of patients with essential hypertension, whose diastolic blood pressure (DBP) was not adequately controlled (DBP > 90 mmHg) following 6 weeks of single-blind treatment with the angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor enalapril, 20 mg once daily. Forty-eight patients started the first period with enalapril after 4 weeks on placebo. In 13 patients DBP fell to < or = 90 mmHg after enalapril for 6 weeks. In this group supine mean arterial pressure (MAP) was reduced by 13% (P < 0.01). In the patients whose DBP was > 90 mmHg after 6 weeks on enalapril (n = 32) the average supine MAP fell by 9% (P < 0.001). After 3 weeks there was no further drop in blood pressure (BP). Addition of HCTZ to the 32 patients with DBP > 90 mmHg caused a significant further drop in supine BP by 13/7 mmHg with 12.5 mg and by 15/7 mmHg with 25 mg. Seven patients discontinued the study, none due to side effects on enalapril alone. Well-being, assessed with a special questionnaire, was significantly better with enalapril as monotherapy compared with previous treatment, but not different from well-being during the placebo periods. It is concluded that 20 mg enalapril once daily lowered BP effectively and was well tolerated. The maximum BP lowering effect was seen within 3 weeks. Addition of HCTZ caused a significant, and clinically relevant, further drop in BP.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
  • Dahlöf, Björn, 1953, et al. (författare)
  • The long-term effect of isradipine in pindolol-treated patients.
  • 1987
  • Ingår i: Journal of hypertension. Supplement : official journal of the International Society of Hypertension. - 0952-1178. ; 5:5, s. S567-70
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The long-term efficacy of isradipine, a new dihydropyridine calcium antagonist with marked vascular selectivity, was evaluated in 17 patients with essential hypertension. All had a supine diastolic blood pressure of greater than 95 mmHg with 10 mg pindolol once daily. After a short-term, double-blind, dose-finding, crossover comparison with addition of isradipine or placebo twice daily, they continued on pindolol and their optimal dose of isradipine in a single-blind, long-term follow-up study. Eighteen patients were recruited but one male patient discontinued treatment after 2 weeks due to ankle oedema and will not be accounted for in the overall evaluation. There were 11 males and six females with a mean age of 56 +/- 10 years. In the short-term study on the optimal dose of isradipine (5.1 mg twice daily) blood pressure was lowered by 24/18 mmHg (P less than 0.001). No change in heart rate was seen despite the substantial drop in blood pressure. In the long-term study the patients were seen for a mean follow-up time of 12.5 months (range 4-17 months). After the longest follow-up time mean arterial pressure was 107.0 +/- 7.4 compared with 120.1 +/- 8.2 mmHg after placebo baseline [delta = 13 mmHg (11%), P less than 0.001, n = 17]. The heart rate was unchanged (delta = 0.2 beats/min, 95% confidence limits -3, +3), and so was ankle circumference (delta = 0.12 cm, 95% confidence interval, -1, +1). On the other hand, mean weight was reduced by 2 kg from 90 kg (P less than 0.05, n = 17).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
  • Kordasti, Shirin, 1975, et al. (författare)
  • Rotavirus infection is not associated with small intestinal fluid secretion in the adult mouse.
  • 2006
  • Ingår i: Journal of virology. - 0022-538X .- 1098-5514. ; 80:22, s. 11355-61
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • In contrast to humans, adult but not infant small animals are resistant to rotavirus diarrhea. The pathophysiological mechanism behind this age-restricted diarrhea is currently unresolved, and this question was investigated by studying the secretory state of the small intestines of adult mice infected with rotavirus. Immunohistochemistry and histological examinations revealed that rotavirus (strain EDIM) infects all parts of the small intestines of adult mice, with significant numbers of infected cells in the ilea at 2 and 4 days postinfection. Furthermore, quantitative PCR revealed that 100-fold more viral RNA was produced in the ilea than in the jejuna or duodena of adult mice. In vitro perfusion experiments of the small intestine did not reveal any significant changes in net fluid secretion among mice infected for 3 days or 4 days or in those that were noninfected (37 +/- 9 microl . h(-1) . cm(-1), 22 +/- 13 microl . h(-1) . cm(-1), and 33 +/- 6 microl . h(-1) . cm(-1), respectively) or in transmucosal potential difference (4.0 +/- 0.3 mV versus 3.9 +/- 0.4 mV), a marker for active chloride secretion, between control and rotavirus-infected mice. In vivo experiments also did not show any differences in potential difference between uninfected and infected small intestines. Furthermore, no significant differences in weight between infected and uninfected small intestines were found, nor were any differences in fecal output observed between infected and control mice. Altogether, these data suggest that rotavirus infection is not sufficient to stimulate chloride and water secretion from the small intestines of adult mice.
  • Kordasti, Shirin, 1975, et al. (författare)
  • Serotonin and vasoactive intestinal peptide antagonists attenuate rotavirus diarrhoea.
  • 2004
  • Ingår i: Gut. - : BMJ. - 0017-5749 .- 1468-3288. ; 53:7, s. 952-7
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The mechanisms underlying intestinal secretion in rotavirus diarrhoea remain to be established. We previously reported that rotavirus evokes intestinal fluid and electrolyte secretion by activation of the enteric nervous system. We now report that antagonists for the 5-hydroxytryptamine 3 receptor (5-HT(3)) and vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) receptor, but not antagonists for 5-hydroxytryptamine 4 receptor or the muscarinic receptor, attenuate rotavirus induced diarrhoea. METHODS: Neurotransmitter antagonists were administered to wild-type or neurokinin 1 receptor knockout mice infected with homologous (EDIM) or heterologous (RRV) rotavirus. RESULTS: While RRV infected mice had diarrhoea for 3.3 (0.2) days (95% confidence interval (CI) 3.04-3.56), the 5-HT(3) receptor antagonist (granisetron) and the VIP receptor antagonist (4Cl-D-Phe(6),Leu(17))-VIP both reduced the total number of days of RRV induced diarrhoea to 2.1 (0.3) (95% CI 1.31-2.9) (p<0.01). EDIM infected mice treated with granisetron had a significantly shorter duration of diarrhoea (5.6 (0.4) days) compared with untreated mice (8.0 (0.4) days; p<0.01). Experiments with neurokinin 1 receptor antagonists suggest that this receptor may possibly be involved in the secretory response to rotavirus. On the other hand, rotavirus diarrhoea was not attenuated in the neurokinin 1 receptor knockout mice. CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that the neurotransmitters serotonin and VIP are involved in rotavirus diarrhoea; observations that could imply new principles for treatment of this disease with significant global impact.
  • Pant, Neha, et al. (författare)
  • Lactobacilli expressing variable domain of llama heavy-chain antibody fragments (lactobodies) confer protection against rotavirus-induced diarrhea
  • 2006
  • Ingår i: Journal of Infectious Diseases. - 0022-1899 .- 1537-6613. ; 194:11, s. 1580-1588
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background. Rotavirus-induced diarrhea poses a worldwide medical problem in causing substantial morbidity and mortality among children in developing countries. We therefore developed a system for passive immunotherapy in which recombinant lactobacilli constitutively express neutralizing variable domain of llama heavy-chain (VHH) antibody fragments against rotavirus. Methods. VHH were expressed in Lactobacillus paracasei, in both secreted and cell surface-anchored forms. Electron microscopy was used to investigate the binding efficacy of VHH-expressing lactobacilli. To investigate the in vivo function of VHH-expressing lactobacilli, a mouse pup model of rotavirus infection was used. Results. Efficient binding of the VHH antibody fragments to rotavirus was shown by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and scanning electron microscopy. VHH fragments expressed by lactobacilli conferred a significant reduction in infection in cell cultures. When administered orally, lactobacilli-producing surface-expressed VHH markedly shortened disease duration, severity, and viral load in a mouse model of rotavirus-induced diarrhea when administered both fresh and in a freeze-dried form. Conclusions. Transformed lactobacilli may form the basis of a novel form of prophylactic treatment against rotavirus infections and other diarrheal diseases. © 2006 by the Infectious Diseases Society of America. All rights reserved.
  • Bucardo, F, et al. (författare)
  • Mutated G4P[8] rotavirus associated with a nationwide outbreak of gastroenteritis in Nicaragua in 2005
  • 2007
  • Ingår i: Journal of Clinical Microbiology. - 0095-1137 .- 1098-660X. ; 45:3, s. 990-997
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • During February and March 2005, one of the largest national recorded outbreaks of severe acute gastroenteritis occurred in Nicaragua, affecting ≥64,000 individuals and causing ≥56 deaths, predominantly in children under 5 years of age. Through a nationwide laboratory-based study, stool samples were collected and investigated for rotavirus. Of 108 stool samples examined, 72 (67%) were positive for rotavirus. While 69% (50/72) of the positive samples were found in children less than 2 years of age, 50% (6/12) of the adult samples were positive. A mutated G4P[8] strain was the most commonly recognized strain (85%), followed by mixed G strains (8%) and G9P[8] (7%) strains. Phylogenetic analysis of the VP7 gene revealed that the G4 strains belonged to the emerging lineage Ic and was distantly related to the ST3 and VA70 G4 strains. Secondary structure predictions of the VP7 G4 protein revealed an insert of an asparagine residue in position 76, which, combined with additional mutations, surprisingly modified two downstream β-sheets at amino acid positions 80 to 85 and 115 to 119. The 2005 G4P[8] strain compared to a G4P[8] strain from 2002 had a substitution of an asparagine residue for threonine (Asn→Thr) at position 96 within antigenic region A, thus eliminating a potential glycosylation site. The mutated G4 virus was introduced in Nicaragua after 2002 and probably emerged from Brazil, Argentina, or Uruguay. Copyright © 2007, American Society for Microbiology. All Rights Reserved.
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