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Sökning: WFRF:(Takahashi Harumi)

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  • Ginya, Harumi, et al. (författare)
  • Development of the Handy Bio-Strand and its application to genotyping of OPRM1 (A118G)
  • 2007
  • Ingår i: Analytical Biochemistry. - 0003-2697 .- 1096-0309. ; 367:1, s. 79-86
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • We previously developed a three-dimensional microarray system, the Bio-Strand, which exhibits advantages in automated DNA analysis in combination with our Magtration Technology. In the current study, we have developed a compact system for the Bio-Strand, the Handy Bio-Strand, which consists of several tools for the preparation of Bio-Strand Tip, hybridization, and detection. Using the Handy Bio-Strand, we performed single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) genotyping of OPRM1 (A118G) by allele-specific oligonucleotide competitive hybridization (ASOCH). DNA fragments containing SNP sites were amplified from genomic DNA by PCR and then were fixed on a microporous nylon thread. Thus, prepared Bio-Strand Tip was hybridized with allele-specific Cy5 probes (<15mer), on which the SNP site was designed to be located in the center. By optimizing the amount of competitors, the selectivity of Cy5 probes increased without a drastic signal decrease. OPRM1 (A118G) genotypes of 23 human genomes prepared from whole blood samples were determined by ASOCH using the Handy Bio-Strand. The results were perfectly consistent with those determined by PCR direct sequencing. ASOCH using the Handy Bio-Strand would be a very simple and reliable method for SNP genotyping for small laboratories and hospitals.
  • Perera, Minoli A., et al. (författare)
  • Genetic variants associated with warfarin dose in African-American individuals : a genome-wide association study
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: The Lancet. - 0140-6736 .- 1474-547X. ; 382:9894, s. 790-796
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background VKORC1 and CYP2C9 are important contributors to warfarin dose variability, but explain less variability for individuals of African descent than for those of European or Asian descent. We aimed to identify additional variants contributing to warfarin dose requirements in African Americans. Methods We did a genome-wide association study of discovery and replication cohorts. Samples from African-American adults (aged >= 18 years) who were taking a stable maintenance dose of warfarin were obtained at International Warfarin Pharmacogenetics Consortium (IWPC) sites and the University of Alabama at Birmingham (Birmingham, AL, USA). Patients enrolled at IWPC sites but who were not used for discovery made up the independent replication cohort. All participants were genotyped. We did a stepwise conditional analysis, conditioning first for VKORC1 -1639G -> A, followed by the composite genotype of CYP2C9*2 and CYP2C9*3. We prespecified a genome-wide significance threshold of p<5x10(-8) in the discovery cohort and p<0.0038 in the replication cohort. Findings The discovery cohort contained 533 participants and the replication cohort 432 participants. After the prespecified conditioning in the discovery cohort, we identified an association between a novel single nucleotide polymorphism in the CYP2C cluster on chromosome 10 (rs12777823) and warfarin dose requirement that reached genome-wide significance (p=1.51x10(-8)). This association was confirmed in the replication cohort (p=5.04x10(-5)); analysis of the two cohorts together produced a p value of 4.5x10(-12). Individuals heterozygous for the rs12777823 A allele need a dose reduction of 6.92 mg/week and those homozygous 9.34 mg/week. Regression analysis showed that the inclusion of rs12777823 significantly improves warfarin dose variability explained by the IWPC dosing algorithm (21% relative improvement). Interpretation A novel CYP2C single nucleotide polymorphism exerts a clinically relevant effect on warfarin dose in African Americans, independent of CYP2C9*2 and CYP2C9*3. Incorporation of this variant into pharmacogenetic dosing algorithms could improve warfarin dose prediction in this population.
  • Takahashi, Harumi, et al. (författare)
  • Correlations between the enantio- and regio-selective metabolisms of warfarin
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Pharmacogenomics (London). - 1462-2416 .- 1744-8042. ; 18:2, s. 133-142
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Aim: To clarify whether the activities of multiple CYPs associated with warfarin metabolism would be correlated with each other. Methods: Oral clearances (CLpo) of warfarin enantiomers were estimated in 378 Chinese, Caucasians and African-Americans. The partial metabolic clearances (CLm) for 7-hydroxywarfarin enantiomers were also measured. In addition, CLpo and CLm were determined in a patient on warfarin and rifampicin. Results: Correlations between CLpo for warfarin enantiomers existed across the three populations. In addition, there was a significant correlation between the CLm for 7-hydroxylation of warfarin enantiomers. Under induced conditions by rifampicin, there were significant correlations between the enantio-and regio-selective metabolisms of warfarin. Conclusion: Metabolic activities of CYP2C9, CYP1A2 and CYP3A4 may be regulated by common transcriptional mechanism(s).
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