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Träfflista för sökning "WFRF:(Tjonnfjord Geir E.) "

Sökning: WFRF:(Tjonnfjord Geir E.)

  • Resultat 1-6 av 6
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1.
  • Stray-Pedersen, Asbjorg, et al. (författare)
  • Primary immunodeficiency diseases : Genomic approaches delineate heterogeneous Mendelian disorders
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology. - : MOSBY-ELSEVIER. - 0091-6749 .- 1097-6825. ; 139:1, s. 232-245
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: Primary immunodeficiency diseases (PIDDs) are clinically and genetically heterogeneous disorders thus far associated with mutations in more than 300 genes. The clinical phenotypes derived from distinct genotypes can overlap. Genetic etiology can be a prognostic indicator of disease severity and can influence treatment decisions. Objective: We sought to investigate the ability of whole-exome screening methods to detect disease-causing variants in patients with PIDDs. Methods: Patients with PIDDs from 278 families from 22 countries were investigated by using whole-exome sequencing. Computational copy number variant (CNV) prediction pipelines and an exome-tiling chromosomal microarray were also applied to identify intragenic CNVs. Analytic approaches initially focused on 475 known or candidate PIDD genes but were nonexclusive and further tailored based on clinical data, family history, and immunophenotyping. Results: A likely molecular diagnosis was achieved in 110 (40%) unrelated probands. Clinical diagnosis was revised in about half (60/ 110) and management was directly altered in nearly a quarter (26/ 110) of families based on molecular findings. Twelve PIDD-causing CNVs were detected, including 7 smaller than 30 Kb that would not have been detected with conventional diagnostic CNV arrays. Conclusion: This high-throughput genomic approach enabled detection of disease-related variants in unexpected genes; permitted detection of low-grade constitutional, somatic, and revertant mosaicism; and provided evidence of a mutational burden in mixed PIDD immunophenotypes.
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2.
  • Måseide, Ragnhild J., et al. (författare)
  • Haemophilia early arthropathy detection with ultrasound and haemophilia joint health score in the moderate haemophilia (MoHem) study
  • 2021
  • Ingår i: Haemophilia. - : Federation of European Neuroscience Societies and Blackwell Publishing Ltd. - 1351-8216. ; 27:2, s. E253-E259
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Introduction: Detection of early arthropathy is crucial for the management of haemophilia, but data on moderate haemophilia are limited. Therefore, we evaluated joint health and treatment modalities in Nordic patients with moderate haemophilia A (MHA) and B (MHB). Aim: To explore and compare the Haemophilia Early Arthropathy Detection with Ultrasound (HEAD-US) and Haemophilia Joint Health Score (HJHS) to detect early arthropathy in moderate haemophilia. Methods: A cross-sectional, multicentre study covering Nordic patients with MHA and MHB. Arthropathy was evaluated by HEAD-US and HJHS 2.1. Results: We assessed 693 joints in 118 patients. HEAD-US scores (medians [interquartile ranges]) were as follows: elbows 0 points (0–0), knees 0 (0–0) and ankles 0 (0–1). Respectively, by HJHS: elbows 0 (0–1), knees 0 (0–1) and ankles 0 (0–1). Cartilage (14%) and bone (13%) were most commonly affected by HEAD-US. Frequent HJHS findings were crepitus on motion in knees (39%), and loss of flexion (23%) and extension (13%) in ankles. HEAD-US correlated strongly with HJHS (elbows r =.70, knees r =.60 and ankles r =.65), but 24% had discordant scores. Joints with HJHS zero points, 5% captured HEAD-US ≥1 point. Moreover, 26% had HJHS findings without HEAD-US pathology. Notably, 31% of knees had crepitus on motion and normal HEAD-US. Conclusion: Overall, the joints attained low scores implying good joint health. HEAD-US correlated strongly with HJHS. In 5%, HEAD-US detected subclinical pathology. Crepitus on motion was frequently reported despite normal HEAD-US, thus not necessarily reflecting arthropathy. HEAD-US therefore improves the joint assessment in moderate haemophilia.
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3.
  • Måseide, Ragnhild J., et al. (författare)
  • Joint health and treatment modalities in Nordic patients with moderate haemophilia A and B – The MoHem study
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: Haemophilia. - : Federation of European Neuroscience Societies and Blackwell Publishing Ltd. - 1351-8216. ; 26:5, s. 891-897
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Introduction: The prevalence of arthropathy in moderate haemophilia A (MHA) and B (MHB) is not well known. Aim: We evaluated joint health in Nordic patients in relation to their treatment modality. Methods: A cross-sectional, multicentre study covering MHA and MHB in Sweden, Finland and Norway. Arthropathy was evaluated by ultrasound (HEAD-US) and Haemophilia Joint Health Score (HJHS). Results: We report on 145 patients: median age 28 years (IQR 13-52) and 61% MHA. Baseline factor VIII/factor IX activity (FVIII/FIX:C) was 2 IU/dL (median) (IQR 2-4): lower for MHB (2 IU/dL, IQR 1-2) than MHA (3 IU/dL, IQR 2-4) (P <.01). Eighty-five per cent of MHA and 73% MHB had a history of haemarthrosis (P =.07). Age at first joint bleed was lower for MHA (5 years [median], IQR 3-7) than MHB (7 years, IQR 5-12) (P =.01). Thirty-eight per cent received prophylaxis, started at median 10 years of age (IQR 4-24). Median joint bleeds and serious other bleeds during the last 12 months were both zero (IQR 0-1). Total HEAD-US captured 0/48 points (median) (IQR 0-2) and HJHS 4/120 points (IQR 1-10) with strong correlation between them (r =.72). FVIII/FIX:C ≤ 3 IU/dL was associated with higher HJHS (P =.04). Fifteen per cent had undergone orthopaedic surgery. Conclusion: The current joint health in Nordic moderate haemophilia patients was rather good, but a subgroup had severe arthropathy. FVIII/FIX:C ≤ 3 IU/dL and MHA were associated with a more severe bleeding phenotype. We suggest primary prophylaxis to all patients with FVIII/FIX:C ≤ 3 IU/dL.
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4.
  • Schneppenheim, Reinhard, et al. (författare)
  • A common origin of the 4143insA ADAMTS13 mutation
  • 2006
  • Ingår i: Thrombosis and Haemostasis. - : Schattauer GmbH. - 0340-6245. ; 96:1, s. 3-6
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Severely deficient activity of the von Willebrand Factor (VWF) cleaving metalloprotease,ADAMTS 13, is associated with thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP). The mutation spectrum ofADAMTS 13 is rather heterogeneous, and numerous mutations spread across the gene have been described in association with congenital TTP. The 4143insA mutation is unusual with respect to its geographic concentration. Following the initial report from Germany in which the 4143insA mutation was detected in four apparently unrelated families, we have now identified this mutation in a further eleven patients from Norway, Sweden, Poland, Germany, the Czech Republic and Australia. Confirmation that the Australian patient is of German ancestry, together with the Northern and Central European origin of most of the other patients, suggests that the 4143insA mutation has a common genetic background.We established ADAMTS 13 haplotypes by analyzing 17 polymorphic intragenic markers.The haplotypes linked to 4143insA were identical in all informative families. Three novel candidate mutations, C347S, P67IL and RI060W, as well as the known mutation R507Q, were also identified during the course of the study.We conclude that 4143insA has a common genetic background and is frequent among patients with hereditary ADAMTS 13 deficiency in Northern and Central European countries.
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5.
  • Micci, Francesca, et al. (författare)
  • Molecular cytogenetic characterization of t(14;19)(q32;p13), a new recurrent translocation in B cell malignancies
  • 2007
  • Ingår i: Virchows Archiv: an international journal of pathology. - : Springer. - 1432-2307. ; 450:5, s. 559-565
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Translocations involving an immunoglobulin (IG) locus are a recurring theme in B cell neoplasia. The rearrangements lead to the joining of an IG gene with a (proto)oncogene, whereby the latter comes under the influence of transcription-stimulating sequences in the constitutively active IG locus resulting in deregulation of the oncogene and neoplastic growth. We present here three cases of B cell neoplasia that showed a t(14;19)(q32;p13) by karyotypic analysis. Detailed molecular cytogenetic characterization of the breakpoints on chromosomes 14 and 19 in the two cases from which extra material was available, demonstrated the involvement of the immunoglobulin heavy-chain (IGH@)-variable region on chromosome 14 in both and, in one case, that the breakpoint was within the BRD4 gene on chromosome 19. Against the background of what one knows about IGH@ involvement in lymphatic malignancies, it is difficult to envisage a fusion gene with qualitatively altered protein product as the crucial pathogenetic outcome of the translocation. In spite of the fact that we found BRD4 split by the t(14;19)(q32;p13) in one of the two informative cases, we cannot be sure that this was the pathogenetically relevant target gene. Other pathogenetic possibilities could be deregulation of the neighboring NOTCH3 and/or ABHD9 genes, located distal to BRD4 in 19p13.
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6.
  • Micci, Francesca, et al. (författare)
  • t(3;21)(q22;q22) leading to truncation of the RYK gene in atypical chronic myeloid leukemia
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Cancer Letters. - : Elsevier. - 1872-7980. ; 277:2, s. 205-211
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The analysis of a small number of patients with atypical chronic myeloid leukemia showing balanced chromosomal translocations has revealed diverse tyrosine kinase fusion genes, most commonly involving FGFR1, PDGFRA, PDGFRB, JAK2, and ABL. We present a case of aCML with a 3q22;21q22-translocation that led to truncation of the receptor-like tyrosine kinase (RYK) gene and its juxtaposition with sequences from chromosome 21 including the ATP50 gene coding for a mitochondrial ATP synthase. The resulting fusion was not in frame, however, which is why we speculate that an abrogated RYK gene product rather than a chimeric protein might be the leukemogenic result. (c) 2009 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
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