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  • Dezfouli, Mahya, et al. (författare)
  • Newborn Screening for Presymptomatic Diagnosis of Complement and Phagocyte Deficiencies
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: Frontiers in Immunology. - : FRONTIERS MEDIA SA. - 1664-3224 .- 1664-3224. ; 11
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The clinical outcomes of primary immunodeficiencies (PIDs) are greatly improved by accurate diagnosis early in life. However, it is not common to consider PIDs before the manifestation of severe clinical symptoms. Including PIDs in the nation-wide newborn screening programs will potentially improve survival and provide better disease management and preventive care in PID patients. This calls for the detection of disease biomarkers in blood and the use of dried blood spot samples, which is a part of routine newborn screening programs worldwide. Here, we developed a newborn screening method based on multiplex protein profiling for parallel diagnosis of 22 innate immunodeficiencies affecting the complement system and respiratory burst function in phagocytosis. The proposed method uses a small fraction of eluted blood from dried blood spots and is applicable for population-scale performance. The diagnosis method is validated through a retrospective screening of immunodeficient patient samples. This diagnostic approach can pave the way for an earlier, more comprehensive and accurate diagnosis of complement and phagocytic disorders, which ultimately lead to a healthy and active life for the PID patients.
  • Kang Lim, Che, et al. (författare)
  • Reversal of Immunoglobulin A Deficiency in Children
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: Journal of Clinical Immunology. - : Springer Verlag (Germany). - 0271-9142 .- 1573-2592. ; 35:1, s. 87-91
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Immunoglobulin A deficiency (IgAD) is the most common primary immunodeficiency in the general population. It is defined as a serum IgA level below or equal to 0.07 g/l with normal IgM and IgG levels in children over the age of 4. However, a few cases of reversal of IgAD at later ages have been observed previously, especially in pediatric patients. This study aimed at investigating the frequency of reversal in a large cohort of children and young adults in order to evaluate the present definition of IgAD. Clinical laboratory records from 654 pediatric IgA deficient patients, 4-13 years of age, were retrieved from five university hospitals in Sweden. Follow up in the children where IgA serum levels had been routinely measured was subsequently performed. In addition, follow up of the IgA-levels was also performed at 4, 8 and 16 years of age in children who were IgA deficient at the age of 4 years in a Swedish population-based birth cohort study in Stockholm (BAMSE). Nine out of 39 (23.1 %) children who were identified as IgAD at 4 years of age subsequently increased their serum IgA level above 0.07 g/L. The average age of reversal was 9.53 +/- 2.91 years. In addition, 30 out of the 131 (22.9 %) children with serum IgAD when sampled between 5 and 9.99 years of age reversed their serum IgA level with time. The BAMSE follow up study showed a reversal of IgAD noted at 4 years of age in 8 out of 14 IgAD children at 16 years of age (5 at 8 years of age) where 4 were normalized their serum IgA levels while 4 still showed low serum levels of IgA, yet above the level defining IgAD. The results indicate that using 4 years of age, as a cut off for a diagnosis of IgAD may not be appropriate. Our findings suggest that a diagnosis of IgAD should not be made before the early teens using 0.07 g/L of IgA in serum as a cut off.
  • Turesson, Carl, et al. (författare)
  • Increased cartilage turnover and circulating autoantibodies in different subsets before the clinical onset of rheumatoid arthritis.
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases. - : BMJ Publishing Group. - 1468-2060 .- 0003-4967. ; Dec, s. 520-522
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND: /st> Previous studies have indicated that autoantibodies may be detected years before the clinical onset of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Cartilage biomarkers, such as cartilage oligomeric matrix protein (COMP), have not been studied previously in samples collected before the diagnosis of RA. METHODS: /st> Between 1991 and 1996, 30 447 subjects were included in the Malmö Diet Cancer Study (MDCS). People who developed RA after inclusion were identified by linking the MDCS database to different Swedish registers. One matched control for each validated case was selected from the MDCS. IgG antibodies against cyclic citrullinated peptide (anti-CCP) and mutated citrullinated vimentin (anti-MCV) and IgM rheumatoid factor (IgM RF) were determined by ELISA. Serum COMP was measured with a sandwich ELISA. RESULTS: /st> 172 incident cases of RA (median time from inclusion to diagnosis 5 years; range 1-13) were identified. Pre-RA cases were significantly more likely than controls to be positive for anti-CCP (21.9% vs 0.6%), anti-MCV (29.6% vs 3.0%) and IgM RF (18.9% vs 2.4%) (all p<0.001). Overall, mean serum COMP levels did not differ between cases and controls. Among pre-RA cases included 1-3 years before diagnosis, raised COMP (>12 U/l) was seen in a greater proportion of anti-CCP-negative than anti-CCP-positive subjects (50% vs 15%; p=0.04). CONCLUSIONS: /st> Increased cartilage turnover, measured by COMP, and circulating RA-specific antibodies may be distinct processes in the preclinical phase of RA.
  • Wang, Ning, et al. (författare)
  • Selective IgA deficiency in autoimmune diseases
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: Molecular Medicine. - Baltimore, Md. : Johns Hopkins University Press. - 1076-1551 .- 1528-3658. ; 17:11-12, s. 1383-
  • Forskningsöversikt (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Selective IgA deficiency (IgAD) is the most common primary immunodeficiency in Caucasians. It has previously been suggested to be associated with a variety of concomitant autoimmune diseases. In this review, we present data on the prevalence of IgAD in patients with Graves' disease (GD), systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), type 1 diabetes (T1D), celiac disease (CD), myasthenia gravis (MG) and rheumatoid arthritis (RA) based both on our own, recent, large scale screening results and literature data. Genetic factors are important for the development of both IgAD and various autoimmune disorders, including GD, SLE, T1D, CD, MG and RA, and a strong association with the MHC region has been reported. In addition, non-MHC genes, such as IFIH1 and CLEC16A, are also associated with the development of IgAD and some of the above diseases. This indicates a possible common genetic background. In this review, we present suggestive evidence for a shared genetic predisposition between these disorders.
  • Wang, Ning, et al. (författare)
  • Serological assessment for celiac disease in IgA deficient adults.
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: PLoS ONE. - : Public Library of Science (PLoS). - 1932-6203. ; 9:4
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Selective immunoglobulin A deficiency is the most common primary immunodeficiency disorder that is strongly overrepresented among patients with celiac disease (CD). IgG antibodies against tissue transglutaminase (tTG) and deamidated gliadin peptides (DGP) serve as serological markers for CD in IgA deficient individuals, although the diagnostic value remains uncertain. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of these markers in a large cohort of IgA deficient adults with confirmed or suspected CD and relate the findings to gluten free diet.
  • Agostoni, Angelo, et al. (författare)
  • Hereditary and acquired angioedema: problems and progress: proceedings of the third C1 esterase inhibitor deficiency workshop and beyond
  • 2004
  • Ingår i: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology. - : Elsevier. - 1097-6825 .- 0091-6749. ; 114:3 Suppl, s. 51-131
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Hereditary angioedema (HAE), a rare but life-threatening condition, manifests as acute attacks of facial, laryngeal, genital, or peripheral swelling or abdominal pain secondary to intra-abdominal edema. Resulting from mutations affecting C1 esterase inhibitor (C1-INH), inhibitor of the first complement system component, attacks are not histamine-mediated and do not respond to antihistamines or corticosteroids. Low awareness and resemblance to other disorders often delay diagnosis; despite availability of C1-INH replacement in some countries, no approved, safe acute attack therapy exists in the United States. The biennial C1 Esterase Inhibitor Deficiency Workshops resulted from a European initiative for better knowledge and treatment of HAE and related diseases. This supplement contains work presented at the third workshop and expanded content toward a definitive picture of angioedema in the absence of allergy. Most notably, it includes cumulative genetic investigations; multinational laboratory diagnosis recommendations; current pathogenesis hypotheses; suggested prophylaxis and acute attack treatment, including home treatment; future treatment options; and analysis of patient subpopulations, including pediatric patients and patients whose angioedema worsened during pregnancy or hormone administration. Causes and management of acquired angioedema and a new type of angioedema with normal C1-INH are also discussed. Collaborative patient and physician efforts, crucial in rare diseases, are emphasized. This supplement seeks to raise awareness and aid diagnosis of HAE, optimize treatment for all patients, and provide a platform for further research in this rare, partially understood disorder.
  • Alper, CA, et al. (författare)
  • Immunoglobulin deficiencies and susceptibility to infection among homozygotes and heterozygotes for C2 deficiency
  • 2003
  • Ingår i: Journal of Clinical Immunology. - : Springer. - 0271-9142. ; 23:4, s. 297-305
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • About 25% of C2-deficient homozygotes have increased susceptibility to severe bacterial infections. C2-deficient homozygotes had significantly lower serum levels of IgG2, IgG4, IgD, and Factor B, significantly higher levels of IgA and IgG3 and levels of IgG1 and IgM similar to controls. Type I ( 28 bp deletion in C2 exon 6 on the [HLA-B18, S042, DR2] haplotype or its fragments) and type II ( non-type I) C2-deficient patients with increased susceptibility to bacterial infection had significantly lower mean levels of IgG4 ( p < 0.04) and IgA ( p < 0.01) than those without infections ( who had a higher than normal mean IgA level) but similar mean levels of other immunoglobulins and Factor B. Of 13 C2-deficient homozygotes with infections, 85% had IgG4 deficiency, compared with 64% of 25 without infections. IgD deficiency was equally extraordinarily common among infection-prone (50%) and noninfection-prone (70%) homozygous type I C2-deficient patients. IgD deficiency was also common (35%) among 31 type I C2-deficient heterozygotes ( with normal or type II haplotypes), but was not found in 5 type II C2-deficient heterozygotes or 1 homozygote. Thus, C2 deficiency itself is associated with many abnormalities in serum immunoglobulin levels, some of which, such as in IgG4 and IgA, may contribute to increased susceptibility to infection. In contrast, IgD deficiency appears not to contribute to increased infections and appears to be a dominant trait determined by a gene or genes on the extended major histocompatibility complex (MHC) haplotype [HLA-B18, S042, DR2] ( but probably not on type II C2-deficient haplotypes) similar to those previously identified on [HLA-B8, SC01, DR3] and [HLA-B18, F1C30, DR3].
  • Bengtsson, Anders, et al. (författare)
  • Activation of type I interferon system in systemic lupus erythematosus correlates with disease activity but not with antiretroviral antibodies
  • 2000
  • Ingår i: Lupus. - : SAGE Publications. - 0961-2033 .- 1477-0962. ; 9:9, s. 664-671
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The objective was to investigate the relation between serum levels of interferon-alpha (IFN-alpha), the activity of an endogenous IFN-alpha inducing factor (SLE-IIF), clinical and immunological disease activity as well as serum levels of antiretroviral antibodies in SLE. Serum levels of IFN-alpha were measured in serial sera from 30 patients sampled at different stages of disease activity (SLEDAI score). The SLE-IIF activity was measured by its ability to induce IFN-alpha production in cultures of normal peripheral blood mononuclear cells. Both serum IFN-alpha and SLE-IIF increased markedly at flare in serially followed patients. The SLEDAI score, levels of anti-dsDNA antibodies and IL-10 correlated positively, and complement components Clq, C3 and leukocytes correlated inversely with serum concentrations of IFN-alpha. The extent of multiple organ involvement correlated with serum IFN-alpha. No relation between concentrations of retroviral peptide binding antibodies and IFN-alpha or SLE-IIF activity was found. The close relationship between disease activity in SLE patients and IFN-alpha serum levels suggests that activation of the type 1 IFN system might be of importance in the disease process.
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