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Sökning: WFRF:(Usmani SZ)

  • Resultat 1-10 av 43
  • [1]2345Nästa
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1.
  • Dimopoulos, M. A., et al. (författare)
  • Natural history of relapsed myeloma, refractory to immunomodulatory drugs and proteasome inhibitors : a multicenter IMWG study
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Leukemia. - : Nature Publishing Group. - 1476-5551. ; 31, s. 2443-2448
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Introduction of new myeloma therapies offers new options for patients refractory to immunomodulatory drugs (IMiDs) and proteasome inhibitors (PIs). In this multicenter study, patients with relapsed multiple myeloma, who have received at least three prior lines of therapy, are refractory to both an IMiD (lenalidomide or pomalidomide) and a PI (bortezomib or carfilzomib), and have been exposed to an alkylating agent were identified. The time patients met the above criteria was defined as time zero (T0). Five hundred and forty-three patients diagnosed between 2006 and 2014 were enrolled in this study. Median age at T0 was 62 years (range 31-87); 61% were males. The median duration between diagnosis and T0 was 3.1 years. The median number of lines of therapy before T0 was 4 (range 3-13). The median overall survival (OS) from T0 for the entire cohort was 13 (95% confidence interval (CI) 11, 15) months. At least one regimen recorded after T0 in 462 (85%) patients, with a median (95% CI) progression-free survival and OS from T0 of 5 (4, 6), and 15.2 (13, 17) months, respectively. The study provides the expected outcome of relapsed multiple myeloma that is refractory to a PI and an IMiD, a benchmark for comparison of new therapies being evaluated.Leukemia advance online publication, 16 June 2017; doi:10.1038/leu.2017.138.
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2.
  • Klyuchnikov, Evgeny, et al. (författare)
  • Reduced-Intensity Allografting as First Transplantation Approach in Relapsed/Refractory Grades One and Two Follicular Lymphoma Provides Improved Outcomes in Long-Term Survivors
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: Biology of blood and marrow transplantation. - 1083-8791 .- 1523-6536. ; 21:12, s. 2091-2099
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • This study was conducted to compare long-term outcomes in patients with refractory/relapsed grades 1 and 2 follicular lymphoma (FL) after allogeneic (allo) versus autologous (auto) hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) in the rituximab era. Adult patients with relapsed/refractory grades 1 and 2 FL undergoing first reduced-intensity allo-HCT or first autograft during 2000 to 2012 were evaluated. A total of 518 rituximab-treated patients were included. Allo-HCT patients were younger and more heavily pretreated, and more patients had advanced stage and chemoresistant disease. The 5-year adjusted probabilities, comparing auto-HCT versus allo-HCT groups for nonrelapse mortality (NRM) were 5% versus 26% (P <.0001); relapse/progression: 54% versus 20% (P <.0001); progression-free survival (PFS): 41% versus 58% (P <.001), and overall survival (OS): 74% versus 66% (P =.05). Auto-HCT was associated with a higher risk of relapse/progression beyond 5 months after HCT (relative risk [RR], 4.4; P <.0001) and worse PFS (RR, 2.9; P <.0001) beyond 11 months after HCT. In the first 24 months after HO', auto-HCT was associated with improved OS (RR,.41; P <.0001), but beyond 24 months, it was associated with inferior OS (RR, 2.2; P =.006). A landmark analysis of patients alive and progression-free at 2 years after HO' confirmed these observations, showing no difference in further NRM between both groups, but there was significantly higher risk of relapse/progression (RR, 7.3; P <.0001) and inferior PFS (RR, 3.2; P <.0001) and OS (RR, 2.1; P =.04) after auto-HCT. The 10-year cumulative incidences of second hematological malignancies after allo-HCT and auto-HCT were 0% and 7%, respectively. Auto-HCT and reduced-intensity conditioned allo-HCT as first transplantation approach can provide durable disease control in grades 1 and 2 FL patients. Continued disease relapse risk after auto-HCT translates into improved PFS and OS after allo-HCT in long-term survivors.
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3.
  • Schriber, Jeffrey R., et al. (författare)
  • Hispanics Have the Lowest Stem Cell Transplant Utilization Rate for Autologous Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation for Multiple Myeloma in the United States : A CIBMTR Report
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Cancer. - : John Wiley & Sons. - 0008-543X .- 1097-0142. ; 123:16, s. 3141-3149
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND: Race/ethnicity remains an important barrier in clinical care. The authors investigated differences in the receipt of autologous hematopoietic cell transplantation (AHCT) among patients with multiple myeloma (MM) and outcomes based on race/ethnicity in the United States. METHODS: The Center for International Blood and Marrow Transplant Research database was used to identify 28,450 patients who underwent AHCT for MM from 2008 through 2014. By using data from the National Cancer Institute's Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results 18 registries, the incidence of MM was calculated, and a stem cell transplantation utilization rate (STUR) was derived. Post-AHCT outcomes were analyzed among patients ages 18 to 75 years who underwent melphalan-conditioned peripheral cell grafts (N = 24,102). RESULTS: The STUR increased across all groups from 2008 to 2014. The increase was substantially lower among Hispanics (range, 8.6%-16.9%) and non-Hispanic blacks (range, 12.2%-20.5%) compared with non-Hispanic whites (range, 22.6%-37.8%). There were 18,046 non-Hispanic whites, 4123 non-Hispanic blacks, and 1933 Hispanic patients. The Hispanic group was younger (P <.001). Fewer patients older than 60 years underwent transplantation among Hispanics (39%) and nonHispanic blacks (42%) compared with non-Hispanic whites (56%). A Karnofsky score <90% and a hematopoietic cell transplantation comorbidity index score >3 were more common in non-Hispanic blacks compared with Hispanic and non-Hispanic whites (P <.001). More Hispanics (57%) versus non-Hispanic blacks (54%) and non-Hispanic whites (52%; P <.001) had stage III disease. More Hispanics (48%) versus non-Hispanic blacks (45%) and non-Hispanic whites (44%) had a very good partial response or better before transplantation (P =.005). Race/ethnicity did not impact post-AHCT outcomes. CONCLUSIONS: Although the STUR increased, it remained low and was significantly lower among Hispanics followed by non-Hispanic blacks compared with non-Hispanic whites. Race/ethnicity did not impact transplantation outcomes. Efforts to increase the rates of transplantation for eligible patients who have MM, with an emphasis on groups that underuse transplantation, are warranted. (C) 2017 American Cancer Society.
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  • Resultat 1-10 av 43
  • [1]2345Nästa

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