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Sökning: WFRF:(Van't Hof Arnoud W)

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1.
  • Bagai, Akshay, et al. (författare)
  • Duration of ischemia and treatment effects of pre- versus in-hospital ticagrelor in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction: Insights from the ATLANTIC study
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: American Heart Journal. - : MOSBY-ELSEVIER. - 0002-8703 .- 1097-6744. ; 196, s. 56-64
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background Among patients with STEMI in the ATLANTIC study, pre-hospital administration of ticagrelor improved post-PCI ST-segment resolution and 30-day stent thrombosis. We investigated whether this clinical benefit with pre-hospital ticagrelor differs by ischemic duration. Methods In a post hoc analysis we compared absence of ST-segment resolution post-PCI and stent thrombosis at 30 days between randomized treatment groups (pre-versus in-hospital ticagrelor) stratified by symptom onset to first medical contact (FMC) duration [amp;lt;= 1 hour (n = 773), amp;gt;1 to amp;lt;= 3 hours (n = 772), and amp;gt;3 hours (n = 311)], examining the interaction between randomized treatment strategy and duration of symptom onset to FMC for each outcome. Results Patients presenting later after symptom onset were older, more likely to be female, and have higher baseline risk. Patients with symptom onset to FMC amp;gt;3 hours had the greatest improvement in post-PCI ST-segment elevation resolution with pre-versus in-hospital ticagrelor (absolute risk difference: amp;lt;= 1 hour, 2.9% vs. amp;gt;1 to amp;lt;= 3 hours, 3.6% vs. amp;gt;3 hours, 12.2%; adjusted p for interaction = 0.13), while patients with shorter duration of ischemia had greater improvement in stent thrombosis at 30 days with pre-versus in-hospital ticagrelor (absolute risk difference: amp;lt;= 1 hour, 1.3% vs. amp;gt;1 hour to amp;lt;= 3hours, 0.7% vs. amp;gt;3 hours, 0.4%; adjusted p for interaction = 0.55). Symptom onset to active ticagrelor administration was independently associated with stent thrombosis at 30 days (adjusted OR 1.89 per 100 minute delay, 95% CI 1.20-2.97, P amp;lt; .01), but not post-PCI ST-segment resolution (P = .41). Conclusions The effect of pre-hospital ticagrelor to reduce stent thrombosis was most evident when given early within 3 hours after symptom onset, with delay in ticagrelor administration after symptom onset associated with higher rate of stent thrombosis. These findings re-emphasize the need for early ticagrelor administration in primary PCI treated STEMI patients.
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  • Lapostolle, Frédéric, et al. (författare)
  • Morphine and Ticagrelor Interaction in Primary Percutaneous Coronary Intervention in ST-Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction : ATLANTIC-Morphine
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: American Journal of Cardiovascular Drugs. - Auckland, New Zealand : Adis International Ltd.. - 1175-3277 .- 1179-187X. ; 19, s. 173-183
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND: Morphine adversely impacts the action of oral adenosine diphosphate (ADP)-receptor blockers in ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients, and is possibly associated with differing patient characteristics. This retrospective analysis investigated whether interaction between morphine use and pre-percutaneous coronary intervention (pre-PCI) ST-segment elevation resolution in STEMI patients in the ATLANTIC study was associated with differences in patient characteristics and management.METHODS: ATLANTIC was an international, multicenter, randomized study of treatment in the acute ambulance/hospital setting where STEMI patients received ticagrelor 180 mg ± morphine. Patient characteristics, cardiovascular history, risk factors, management, and outcomes were recorded.RESULTS: Opioids (97.6% morphine) were used in 921 out of 1862 patients (49.5%). There were no significant differences in age, sex or cardiovascular history, but more morphine-treated patients had anterior myocardial infarction and left-main disease. Time from chest pain to electrocardiogram and ticagrelor loading was shorter with morphine (both p = 0.01) but not total ischemic time. Morphine-treated patients more frequently received glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitors (p = 0.002), thromboaspiration and stent implantation (both p < 0.001). No significant difference between the two groups was found regarding pre-PCI ≥ 70% ST-segment elevation resolution, death, myocardial infarction, stroke, urgent revascularization and definitive acute stent thrombosis. More morphine-treated patients had an absence of pre-PCI Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction (TIMI) 3 flow (85.8% vs. 79.7%; p = 0.001) and more had TIMI major bleeding (1.1% vs. 0.1%; p = 0.02).CONCLUSIONS: Morphine-treatment was associated with increased GP IIb/IIIa inhibitor use, less pre-PCI TIMI 3 flow, and more bleeding. Judicious morphine use is advised with non-opioid analgesics preferred for non-severe acute pain.TRIAL REGISTRATION: clinicaltrials.gov identifier: NCT01347580.
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3.
  • Montalescot, Gilles, et al. (författare)
  • Effect of Pre-Hospital Ticagrelor During the First 24 h After Primary Percutaneous Coronary Intervention in Patients With ST-Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction The ATLANTIC-H-24 Analysis
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: JACC. - : ELSEVIER SCIENCE INC. - 1936-8798 .- 1876-7605. ; 9:7, s. 646-656
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • OBJECTIVES The aim of this landmark exploratory analysis, ATLANTIC-H-24, was to evaluate the effects of pre-hospital ticagrelor during the first 24 h after primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in the ATLANTIC (Administration of Ticagrelor in the cath Lab or in the Ambulance for New ST elevation myocardial infarction to open the Coronary artery) study. BACKGROUND The ATLANTIC trial in patients with ongoing ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction showed that pre-hospital ticagrelor was safe but did not improve pre-PCI coronary reperfusion compared with in-hospital ticagrelor. We hypothesized that the effect of pre-hospital ticagrelor may not have manifested until after PCI due to the rapid transfer time (31 min). METHODS The ATLANTIC-H-24 analysis included 1,629 patients who underwent PCI, evaluating platelet reactivity, Thrombolysis In Myocardial Infarction flow grade 3, >= 70% ST-segment elevation resolution, and clinical endpoints over the first 24 h. RESULTS Following PCI, largest between-group differences in platelet reactivity occurred at 1 to 6 h; coronary reperfusion rates numerically favored pre-hospital ticagrelor, and the degree of ST-segment elevation resolution was significantly greater in the pre-hospital group (median, 75.0% vs. 71.4%; p = 0.049). At 24 h, the composite ischemic endpoint was lower with pre-hospital ticagrelor (10.4% vs. 13.7%; p = 0.039), as were individual endpoints of definite stent thrombosis (p = 0.0078) and myocardial infarction (p = 0.031). All endpoints except death (1.1% vs. 0.2%; p = 0.048) favored pre-hospital ticagrelor, with no differences in bleeding events. CONCLUSIONS The effects of pre-hospital ticagrelor became apparent after PCI, with numerical differences in platelet reactivity and immediate post-PCI reperfusion, associated with reductions in ischemic endpoints, over the first 24 h, whereas there was a small excess of mortality. (Administration of Ticagrelor in the cath Lab or in the Ambulance for New ST elevation myocardial infarction to open the Coronary artery [ATLANTIC, NCT01347580]) (C) 2016 by the American College of Cardiology Foundation.
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4.
  • Roe, Matthew T., et al. (författare)
  • Regional Patterns of Use of a Medical Management Strategy for Patients With Non-ST-Segment Elevation Acute Coronary Syndromes : Insights From the EARLY ACS Trial
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Circulation. Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes. - 1941-7713 .- 1941-7705. ; 5:2, s. 205-213
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: Regional differences in the profile and prognosis of non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndrome (NSTE ACS) patients treated with medical management after angiography remain uncertain.Methods and Results: Using data from the Early Glycoprotein IIb/IIIa Inhibition in Non-ST-Segment Elevation Acute Coronary Syndromes (EARLY ACS) trial, we examined regional variations in the use of an in-hospital medical management strategy in NSTE ACS patients who had significant coronary artery disease (CAD) identified during angiography, factors associated with the use of a medical management strategy, and 1-year mortality rates. Of 9406 patients, 8387 (89%) underwent angiography and had significant CAD; thereafter, 1766 (21%) were treated solely with a medical management strategy (range: 18% to 23% across 4 major geographic regions). Factors most strongly associated with a medical management strategy were negative baseline troponin values, prior coronary artery bypass grafting, lower baseline hemoglobin values, and greater number of diseased vessels; region was not a significant factor. One-year mortality was higher among patients treated with a medical management strategy compared with those who underwent revascularization (7.8% versus 3.6%; adjusted hazard ratio, 1.46; 95% CI, 1.21-1.76), with no significant interaction by region (interaction probability value=0.42).Conclusions: Approximately 20% of NSTE ACS patients with significant CAD in an international trial were treated solely with an in-hospital medical management strategy after early angiography, with no regional differences in factors associated with medical management or the risk of 1-year mortality. These findings have important implications for the conduct of future clinical trials, and highlight global similarities in the profile and prognosis of medically managed NSTE ACS patients.
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  • Fabris, Enrico, et al. (författare)
  • Impact of presentation and transfer delays on complete ST-segment resolution before primary percutaneous coronary intervention : insights from the ATLANTIC trial.
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: EuroIntervention. - 1774-024X .- 1969-6213. ; 13:1, s. 69-77
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • AIMS: The aim of this study was to identify predictors of complete ST-segment resolution (STR) pre-primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in patients enrolled in the ATLANTIC trial.METHODS AND RESULTS: ECGs recorded at the time of inclusion (pre-hospital [pre-H]-ECG) and in the catheterisation laboratory before angiography (pre-PCI-ECG) were analysed by an independent core laboratory. Complete STR was defined as ≥70%. Complete STR occurred pre-PCI in 12.8% (204/1,598) of patients and predicted lower 30-day composite MACCE (OR=0.10, 95% CI: 0.002-0.57, p=0.001) and total mortality (OR=0.16, 95% CI: 0.004-0.95, p=0.035). Independent predictors of complete STR included the time from index event to pre-H-ECG (OR=0.94, 95% CI: 0.89-1.00, p=0.035), use of heparins before pre-PCI-ECG (OR=1.75, 95% CI: 1.25-2.45, p=0.001) and time from pre-H-ECG to pre-PCI-ECG (OR=1.09, 95% CI: 1.03-1.16, p=0.005). In the pre-H ticagrelor group, patients with complete STR had a significantly longer delay between pre-H-ECG and pre-PCI-ECG compared to patients without complete STR (median 53 [44-73] vs. 49 [38.5-61] mins, p=0.001); however, this was not observed in the control group (in-hospital ticagrelor) (50 [40-67] vs. 49 [39-61] mins, p=0.258).CONCLUSIONS: Short patient delay, early administration of anticoagulant and ticagrelor if a long transfer delay is expected may help to achieve reperfusion prior to PCI. Pre-H treatment may be beneficial in patients with longer transfer delays, allowing the drug to become biologically active.
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7.
  • Fabris, Enrico, et al. (författare)
  • Pre-hospital administration of ticagrelor in diabetic patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction undergoing primary angioplasty : A sub-analysis of the ATLANTIC trial
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Catheterization and cardiovascular interventions. - : John Wiley & Sons. - 1522-1946 .- 1522-726X. ; 93:7, s. E369-E377
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • OBJECTIVE: We investigated, in the contemporary era of ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) treatment, the influence of diabetes mellitus (DM) on cardiovascular outcomes, and whether pre-hospital administration of ticagrelor may affect these outcomes in a subgroup of STEMI patients with DM.BACKGROUND: DM patients have high platelet reactivity and a prothrombotic condition which highlight the importance of an effective antithrombotic regimen in this high-risk population.METHODS: In toal 1,630 STEMI patients enrolled in the ATLANTIC trial who underwent primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) were included. Multivariate analysis was used to explore the association of DM with outcomes and potential treatment-by-diabetes interaction was tested.RESULTS: A total of 214/1,630 (13.1%) patients had DM. DM was an independent predictor of poor myocardial reperfusion as reflected by less frequent ST-segment elevation resolution (≥70%) after PCI (OR 0.59, 95% CI 0.43-0.82, P < 0.01) and was an independent predictor of the composite 30-day outcomes of death/new myocardial infarction (MI)/urgent revascularization/definite stent thrombosis (ST) (OR 2.80, 95% CI 1.62-4.85, P < 0.01), new MI or definite acute ST (OR 2.46, 95% CI 1.08-5.61, P = 0.03), and definite ST (OR 10.00, 95% CI 3.54-28.22, P < 0.01). No significant interaction between pre-hospital ticagrelor vs in-hospital ticagrelor administration and DM was present for the clinical, electrocardiographic and angiographic outcomes as well as for thrombolysis in myocardial infarction major bleeding.CONCLUSIONS: DM remains independently associated with poor myocardial reperfusion and worse 30-day clinical outcomes. No significant interaction was found between pre-hospital vs in-hospital ticagrelor administration and DM status. Further approaches for the treatment of DM patients are needed.CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: clinicaltrials.gov identifier: NCT01347580.
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8.
  • Guigliano, Robert P, et al. (författare)
  • Early versus delayed, provisional eptifibatide in acute coronary syndromes.
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: New England Journal of Medicine. - 0028-4793 .- 1533-4406. ; 360:21, s. 2176-2190
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background Glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitors are indicated in patients with acute coronary syndromes who are undergoing an invasive procedure. The optimal timing of the initiation of such therapy is unknown. Methods We compared a strategy of early, routine administration of eptifibatide with delayed, provisional administration in 9492 patients who had acute coronary syndromes without ST-segment elevation and who were assigned to an invasive strategy. Patients were randomly assigned to receive either early eptifibatide (two boluses, each containing 180 µg per kilogram of body weight, administered 10 minutes apart, and a standard infusion 12 hours before angiography) or a matching placebo infusion with provisional use of eptifibatide after angiography (delayed eptifibatide). The primary efficacy end point was a composite of death, myocardial infarction, recurrent ischemia requiring urgent revascularization, or the occurrence of a thrombotic complication during percutaneous coronary intervention that required bolus therapy opposite to the initial study-group assignment ("thrombotic bailout") at 96 hours. The key secondary end point was a composite of death or myocardial infarction within the first 30 days. Key safety end points were bleeding and the need for transfusion within the first 120 hours after randomization. Results The primary end point occurred in 9.3% of patients in the early-eptifibatide group and in 10.0% in the delayed-eptifibatide group (odds ratio, 0.92; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.80 to 1.06; P=0.23). At 30 days, the rate of death or myocardial infarction was 11.2% in the early-eptifibatide group, as compared with 12.3% in the delayed-eptifibatide group (odds ratio, 0.89; 95% CI, 0.79 to 1.01; P=0.08). Patients in the early-eptifibatide group had significantly higher rates of bleeding and red-cell transfusion. There was no significant difference between the two groups in rates of severe bleeding or nonhemorrhagic serious adverse events. Conclusions In patients who had acute coronary syndromes without ST-segment elevation, the use of eptifibatide 12 hours or more before angiography was not superior to the provisional use of eptifibatide after angiography. The early use of eptifibatide was associated with an increased risk of non–life-threatening bleeding and need for transfusion.    
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