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Sökning: WFRF:(Varenhorst C)

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1.
  • Aoki, Y, et al. (författare)
  • Corrigendum
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Brain : a journal of neurology. - 1460-2156. ; 20:5, s. 738-738
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)
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2.
  • Escaned, Javier, et al. (författare)
  • Safety of the Deferral of Coronary Revascularization on the Basis of Instantaneous Wave-Free Ratio and Fractional Flow Reserve Measurements in Stable Coronary Artery Disease and Acute Coronary Syndromes
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: JACC. - : Elsevier. - 1936-8798 .- 1876-7605. ; 11:15, s. 1437-1449
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical outcomes of patients deferred from coronary revascularization on the basis of instantaneous wave-free ratio (iFR) or fractional flow reserve (FFR) measurements in stable angina pectoris (SAP) and acute coronary syndromes (ACS). BACKGROUND Assessment of coronary stenosis severity with pressure guidewires is recommended to determine the need for myocardial revascularization. METHODS The safety of deferral of coronary revascularization in the pooled per-protocol population (n = 4,486) of the DEFINE-FLAIR (Functional Lesion Assessment of Intermediate Stenosis to Guide Revascularisation) and iFR-SWEDEHEART (Instantaneous Wave-Free Ratio Versus Fractional Flow Reserve in Patients With Stable Angina Pectoris or Acute Coronary Syndrome) randomized clinical trials was investigated. Patients were stratified according to revascularization decision making on the basis of iFR or FFR and to clinical presentation (SAP or ACS). The primary endpoint was major adverse cardiac events (MACE), defined as the composite of all-cause death, nonfatal myocardial infarction, or unplanned revascularization at 1 year. RESULTS Coronary revascularization was deferred in 2,130 patients. Deferral was performed in 1,117 patients (50%) in the iFR group and 1,013 patients (45%) in the FFR group (p < 0.01). At 1 year, the MACE rate in the deferred population was similar between the iFR and FFR groups (4.12% vs. 4.05%; fully adjusted hazard ratio: 1.13; 95% confidence interval: 0.72 to 1.79; p = 0.60). A clinical presentation with ACS was associated with a higher MACE rate compared with SAP in deferred patients (5.91% vs. 3.64% in ACS and SAP, respectively; fully adjusted hazard ratio: 0.61 in favor of SAP; 95% confidence interval: 0.38 to 0.99; p = 0.04). CONCLUSIONS Overall, deferral of revascularization is equally safe with both iFR and FFR, with a low MACE rate of about 4%. Lesions were more frequently deferred when iFR was used to assess physiological significance. In deferred patients presenting with ACS, the event rate was significantly increased compared with SAP at 1 year. (C) 2018 The Authors. Published by Elsevier on behalf of the American College of Cardiology Foundation.
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3.
  • Sahlen, A., et al. (författare)
  • Outcomes in patients treated with ticagrelor or clopidogrel after acute myocardial infarction: experiences from SWEDEHEART registry
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: European Heart Journal. - : Oxford University Press. - 0195-668X .- 1522-9645. ; 37:44, s. 3335-3342
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Aims Ticagrelor reduces ischaemic events and mortality in acute coronary syndrome (ACS) vs. clopidogrel. We wished to study clinical outcomes in a large real-world population post-ACS. Methods and results We performed a prospective cohort study in 45 073 ACS patients enrolled into SwedishWeb system for Enhancement and Development of Evidence-based care in Heart Disease Evaluated According to Recommended Therapies who were discharged on ticagrelor (N = 11 954) or clopidogrel (N = 33 119) between 1 January 2010 and 31 December 2013. The primary outcome was a composite of all-cause death, re-admission with myocardial infarction (MI) or stroke, secondary outcomes as the individual components of the primary outcome, and re-admission with bleeding. The risk of the primary outcome with ticagrelor vs. clopidogrel was 11.7 vs. 22.3% (adjusted hazard ratio (HR) 0.85 [95% confidence interval: 0.78-0.93]), risk of death 5.8 vs. 12.9% (adjusted HR 0.83 [0.75-0.92]), and risk of MI 6.1 vs. 10.8% (adjusted HR 0.89 [0.78-1.01]) at 24 months. Re-admission with bleeding with ticagrelor vs. clopidogrel occurred in 5.5 vs. 5.2% (adjusted HR 1.20 [1.04-1.40]). In a subset of patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) on ticagrelor vs. clopidogrel the PCI-related in-hospital bleeding was 3.7 vs. 2.7% (adjusted odds ratio, OR, 1.57 [1.30-1.90]). Conclusion Ticagrelor vs. clopidogrel post-ACS was associated with a lower risk of death, MI, or stroke, as well as death alone. Risk of bleeding was higher with ticagrelor. These real-world outcomes are consistent with randomized trial results.
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4.
  • Varenhorst, C., et al. (författare)
  • Culprit and Nonculprit Recurrent Ischemic Events in Patients with Myocardial Infarction: Data from SWEDEHEART (Swedish Web System for Enhancement and Development of Evidence-Based Care in Heart Disease Evaluated According to Recommended Therapies)
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Journal of the American Heart Association. - : WILEY. - 2047-9980. ; 7:1
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background-Long-term disease progression after myocardial infarction (MI) is inadequately understood. We evaluated the pattern and angiographic properties (culprit lesion [CL]/non-CL [NCL]) of recurrent MI (re-MI) in a large real-world patient population. Methods and Results--Our observational study used prospectively collected data in 108 615 patients with first-occurrence MI enrolled in the SWEDEHEART (Swedish Web System for Enhancement and Development of Evidence-Based Care in Heart Disease Evaluated According to Recommended Therapies) between July 1, 2006 and November 29, 2014. During follow-up (median, 3.2 years), recurrent hospitalization for MI occurred in 11 117 patients (10.2%). Of the patients who underwent coronary angiography for the index MI, a CL was identified in 44 332 patients. Of those patients, 3464 experienced an re-MI; the infarct originated from the NCL in 1243 patients and from the CL in 655 patients. In total, 1566 re-MIs were indeterminate events and could not be classified as NCL or CL re-MIs. The risk of re-MI within 8 years related to the NCL was 0.06 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.05-0.06), compared with 0.03 (95% CI, 0.02-0.03) for the CL. There were no large differences in baseline characteristics of patients with subsequent NCL versus CL re-MIs. Independent predictors of NCL versus CL re- MI were multivessel disease (odds ratio, 2.29; 95% CI, 1.87-2.82), male sex (odds ratio, 1.36; 95% CI, 1.09-1.71), and a prolonged time between the index and re-MI (odds ratio, 1.16; 95% CI, 1.10- 1.22). Conclusions--In a large cohort of patients with first-occurrence MI undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention, the risk of re-MI originating from a previously untreated lesion was twice higher than the risk of lesions originating from a previously stented lesion.
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7.
  • Carrero, Juan-Jesus, et al. (författare)
  • Long-term versus short-term dual antiplatelet therapy was similarly associated with a lower risk of death, stroke, or infarction in patients with acute coronary syndrome regardless of underlying kidney disease
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Kidney International. - 0085-2538 .- 1523-1755. ; 91:1, s. 216-226
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Scarce and conflicting evidence exists on whether clopidogrel is effective and whether dual antiplatelet treatment (DAPT) is safe in patients with acute coronary syndrome and chronic kidney disease (CKD). To study this, we performed an observational, prospective, multicenter cohort study of 36,001 patients of the SWEDEHEART registry. The exposure was DAPT prolonged after 3 months versus DAPT stopped at 3 months in consecutive patients with acute coronary syndrome and known serum creatinine. DAPT duration with clopidogrel and aspirin was assessed by dispensed tablets. CKD stages were classified according to estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR). Study outcomes were 1) the composite of death, myocardial infarction, or ischemic stroke; 2) bleeding; or 3) the aggregate of these two outcomes within day 111 and 365 from discharge. A longer DAPT duration, as compared with 3-month DAPT, was associated with lower hazard ratios for outcome one in each CKD stratum (eGFR over 60, adjusted hazard ratio [95% confidence interval] 0.76 [0.67-0.85]; eGFR 60 and less, 0.84 [0.73-0.96], of which eGFR between 45 and 60, 0.85 [0.70-1.05], eGFR between 30 and 45, 0.78 [0.62-0.97]; eGFR 30 and less ml/min/1.73 m(2), 0.93 [0.70-1.24]. Bleeding (outcome 2) was in general more common in the longer DAPT group of each aforementioned CKD stratum. Aggregated outcome analysis (outcome 3) similarly favored longer DAPT in each stratum. There was no interaction between DAPT duration and CKD strata for any of the study outcomes. Thus, a prolonged as compared with three-month DAPT was similarly associated with a lower risk of death, stroke, or reinfarction regardless of underlying CKD.
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8.
  • Christiansen, Evald H, et al. (författare)
  • Instantaneous Wave-free Ratio versus Fractional Flow Reserve to Guide PCI.
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: The New England journal of medicine. - : MASSACHUSETTS MEDICAL SOC. - 1533-4406 .- 0028-4793. ; 376:19, s. 1813-1823
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The instantaneous wave-free ratio (iFR) is an index used to assess the severity of coronary-artery stenosis. The index has been tested against fractional flow reserve (FFR) in small trials, and the two measures have been found to have similar diagnostic accuracy. However, studies of clinical outcomes associated with the use of iFR are lacking. We aimed to evaluate whether iFR is noninferior to FFR with respect to the rate of subsequent major adverse cardiac events.We conducted a multicenter, randomized, controlled, open-label clinical trial using the Swedish Coronary Angiography and Angioplasty Registry for enrollment. A total of 2037 participants with stable angina or an acute coronary syndrome who had an indication for physiologically guided assessment of coronary-artery stenosis were randomly assigned to undergo revascularization guided by either iFR or FFR. The primary end point was the rate of a composite of death from any cause, nonfatal myocardial infarction, or unplanned revascularization within 12 months after the procedure.A primary end-point event occurred in 68 of 1012 patients (6.7%) in the iFR group and in 61 of 1007 (6.1%) in the FFR group (difference in event rates, 0.7 percentage points; 95% confidence interval [CI], -1.5 to 2.8; P=0.007 for noninferiority; hazard ratio, 1.12; 95% CI, 0.79 to 1.58; P=0.53); the upper limit of the 95% confidence interval for the difference in event rates fell within the prespecified noninferiority margin of 3.2 percentage points. The results were similar among major subgroups. The rates of myocardial infarction, target-lesion revascularization, restenosis, and stent thrombosis did not differ significantly between the two groups. A significantly higher proportion of patients in the FFR group than in the iFR group reported chest discomfort during the procedure.Among patients with stable angina or an acute coronary syndrome, an iFR-guided revascularization strategy was noninferior to an FFR-guided revascularization strategy with respect to the rate of major adverse cardiac events at 12 months. (Funded by Philips Volcano; iFR SWEDEHEART ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT02166736 .).
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  • Resultat 1-10 av 46
  • [1]2345Nästa

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