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Sökning: WFRF:(Velasco Gloria)

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1.
  • Balbin, Milagros, et al. (författare)
  • A sequence variation in the human cystatin D gene resulting in an amino acid (Cys/Arg) polymorphism at the protein level
  • 1993
  • Ingår i: Human Genetics. - : Springer. - 1432-1203. ; 90:6, s. 668-669
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • A polymorphism in the coding region of the human cystatin D gene has been detected by direct sequencing of amplified DNA from different individuals. The variation, resulting from a T/C transition in exon 1 of the gene, causes an amino acid variation, Cys/Arg, at the protein level. An allele-specific oligonucleotide hybridization assay was developed and used to demonstrate this polymorphism in the population. The deduced frequencies were 0.55 and 0.45 for the Cys and Arg variant-encoding alleles, respectively.
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2.
  • Freije, José P, et al. (författare)
  • Human cystatin D: cDNA cloning, characterization of the E. coli expressed inhibitor, and identification of the native protein in saliva
  • 1993
  • Ingår i: Journal of Biological Chemistry. - : ASBMB. - 1083-351X. ; 268:21, s. 15737-15744
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • A cDNA coding for cystatin D, a human member of the cystatin protein family, has been cloned after specific amplification of reverse- transcribed parotid gland RNA. After replacing the segment encoding the putative 20-residue signal peptide with one encoding the Escherichia coli OmpA leader sequence, the cDNA was expressed in E. coli. The isolated recombinant protein exhibited Ki values of 1.2 nM and > 1 microM for papain and cathepsin B, respectively. An antiserum raised against recombinant cystatin D recognized a protein in human saliva with electrophoretical mobility identical to that of the recombinant protein. Immunoenzymatic analysis revealed that this cysteine proteinase inhibitor is present in human saliva and tears at concentrations of 3.8 and 0.5 mg/liter, respectively, while it was not detected in seminal plasma, blood plasma, milk, or cerebrospinal fluid. Cystatin D purified from human saliva by immunosorption displayed a heterogeneous N-terminal end, with sequences starting at residues 5, 7, 9, and 11 of the predicted N-terminal portion of the mature protein. On the basis of structural and functional properties, cystatin D represents a novel cysteine proteinase inhibitor possibly playing a protective role against proteinases present in the oral cavity.
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3.
  • Freije, José P, et al. (författare)
  • Structure and expression of the gene encoding cystatin D, a novel human cysteine proteinase inhibitor
  • 1991
  • Ingår i: Journal of Biological Chemistry. - : ASBMB. - 1083-351X. ; 266:30, s. 20538-20543
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • A new member of the human cystatin multigene family has been cloned from a genomic library using a cystatin C cDNA probe. The complete nucleotide sequence of a 4.3-kilobase DNA segment, containing a complete gene with structure very similar to those of known Family 2 cystatin genes, was determined. The novel gene, called CST4, is composed of three exons and two introns. It contains the coding information for a protein of 142 amino acid residues, which has been tentatively called cystatin D. The deduced amino acid sequence includes a putative signal peptide and presents 51-55% identical residues with the sequences of either cystatin C or the secretory gland cystatins S, SN, or SA. The cystatin D sequence contains all regions of relevance for cysteine proteinase inhibitory activity and also the 4 cysteine residues that form disulfide bridges in the other members of cystatin Family 2. Northern blot analysis revealed that the cystatin D gene is expressed in parotid gland but not in seminal vesicle, prostate, epididymis, testis, ovary, placenta, thyroid, gastric corpus, small intestine, liver, or gall-bladder tissue. This tissue-restricted expression is in marked contrast with the wider distribution of all the other Family 2 cystatins, since cystatin C is expressed in all these tissues and the secretory gland cystatins are present in saliva, seminal plasma, and tears. Cystatin D, being the first described member of a third subfamily within the cystatin Family 2, thus appears to have a distinct function in the body in contrast to other cystatins.
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4.
  • Mikkelsen, Tarjei, et al. (författare)
  • Initial sequence of the chimpanzee genome and comparison with the human genome
  • 2005
  • Ingår i: Nature. - 0028-0836 .- 1476-4687. ; 437:7055, s. 69-87
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Here we present a draft genome sequence of the common chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes). Through comparison with the human genome, we have generated a largely complete catalogue of the genetic differences that have accumulated since the human and chimpanzee species diverged from our common ancestor, constituting approximately thirty-five million single-nucleotide changes, five million insertion/deletion events, and various chromosomal rearrangements. We use this catalogue to explore the magnitude and regional variation of mutational forces shaping these two genomes, and the strength of positive and negative selection acting on their genes. In particular, we find that the patterns of evolution in human and chimpanzee protein-coding genes are highly correlated and dominated by the fixation of neutral and slightly deleterious alleles. We also use the chimpanzee genome as an outgroup to investigate human population genetics and identify signatures of selective sweeps in recent human evolution.
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5.
  • Warren, Wesley C, et al. (författare)
  • The genome of a songbird
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Nature. - 0028-0836 .- 1476-4687. ; 464:7289, s. 757-762
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The zebra finch is an important model organism in several fields with unique relevance to human neuroscience. Like other songbirds, the zebra finch communicates through learned vocalizations, an ability otherwise documented only in humans and a few other animals and lacking in the chicken-the only bird with a sequenced genome until now. Here we present a structural, functional and comparative analysis of the genome sequence of the zebra finch (Taeniopygia guttata), which is a songbird belonging to the large avian order Passeriformes. We find that the overall structures of the genomes are similar in zebra finch and chicken, but they differ in many intrachromosomal rearrangements, lineage-specific gene family expansions, the number of long-terminal-repeat-based retrotransposons, and mechanisms of sex chromosome dosage compensation. We show that song behaviour engages gene regulatory networks in the zebra finch brain, altering the expression of long non-coding RNAs, microRNAs, transcription factors and their targets. We also show evidence for rapid molecular evolution in the songbird lineage of genes that are regulated during song experience. These results indicate an active involvement of the genome in neural processes underlying vocal communication and identify potential genetic substrates for the evolution and regulation of this behaviour.
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