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Sökning: WFRF:(Villman Kenneth K.)

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1.
  • Joensuu, Heikki, et al. (författare)
  • Effect of Adjuvant Trastuzumab for a Duration of 9 Weeks vs 1 Year With Concomitant Chemotherapy for Early Human Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor 2-Positive Breast Cancer The SOLD Randomized Clinical Trial
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: JAMA Oncology. - : AMER MEDICAL ASSOC. - 2374-2437 .- 2374-2445. ; 4:9, s. 1199-1206
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Importance: Trastuzumab plus chemotherapy is the standard adjuvant treatment for patients with human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-positive early breast cancer. While the standard duration of trastuzumab treatment is 12 months, the benefits and harms of trastuzumab continued beyond the chemotherapy are unclear.Objective: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of adjuvant trastuzumab continued beyond chemotherapy in women treated with up-front chemotherapy containing a taxane and trastuzumab.Design, Setting, and Participants: Open-label, randomized (1:1) clinical trial including women with HER2-positive breast cancer. Chemotherapy was identical in the 2 groups, consisting of 3 cycles of 3-weekly docetaxel (either 80 or 100 mg/m2) plus trastuzumab for 9 weeks, followed by 3 cycles of fluorouracil, epirubicin, and cyclophosphamide. Thereafter, no trastuzumab was administered in the 9-week group, whereas controls received trastuzumab to complete 1 year of administration. Disease-free survival (DFS) was compared between the groups using a Cox model and the noninferiority approach. The estimated sample size was 2168 patients (1-sided testing, with a relative noninferiority margin of 1.3). From January 3, 2008, to December 16, 2014, 2176 patients were accrued from 7 countries.Intervention: Docetaxel plus trastuzumab for 9 weeks, followed by 3 cycles of fluorouracil, epirubicin, and cyclophosphamide in both groups. Controls continued trastuzumab to 1 year.Main Outcomes and Measures: The primary objective was DFS; secondary objectives included distant disease–free survival, overall survival, cardiac DFS, and safety.Results: In the 2174 women analyzed, median age was 56 (interquartile range [IQR], 48-64) years. The median follow-up was 5.2 (IQR, 3.8-6.7) years. Noninferiority of the 9-week treatment could not be demonstrated for DFS (hazard ratio, 1.39; 2-sided 90% CI, 1.12-1.72). Distant disease–free survival and overall survival did not differ substantially between the groups. Thirty-six (3%) and 21 (2%) patients in the 1-year and the 9-week groups, respectively, had cardiac failure; the left ventricle ejection fraction was better maintained in the 9-week group. An interaction was detected between the docetaxel dose and DFS; patients in the 9-week group treated with 80 mg/m2 had inferior and those treated with 100 mg/m2 had similar DFS as patients in the 1-year group.Conclusions and Relevance: Nine weeks of trastuzumab was not noninferior to 1 year of trastuzumab when given with similar chemotherapy. Cardiac safety was better in the 9-week group. The docetaxel dosing with trastuzumab requires further study.Trial Registration: ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00593697
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2.
  • Lindman, Henrik, et al. (författare)
  • Individually tailored toxicity-based 5-fluorouracil, epirubicin and cyclophosphamide (FEC) therapy of metastatic breast cancer
  • 2007
  • Ingår i: Acta Oncologica. - 0284-186X .- 1651-226X. ; 46:2, s. 165-171
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Chemotherapy dosing only based on body surface area (BSA) results in marked pharmacokinetic and toxicity variations, which may result in an inferior outcome for some patients. A toxicity-based dosing schedule for individually tailored treatment with granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) supported 5-fluorouracil (F), epirubicin (E) and cyclophosphamide (C) (dFEC) was developed and studied in patients with metastatic breast cancer with the purpose to determine its efficiency and toxicity. Twenty-six women, median age 48 years, were included and the individual E and C doses were tailored stepwise based on the recorded hematological toxicity. Twenty-one patients (81%; 95% confidence interval (CI), 66% to 96%) had an objective response, including six complete responses (23%; CI, 7%-39%). At median follow-up of 113 months, the median time to progression and median overall survival were 14 and 36 months, respectively. The delivered dose intensity was high but varied substantially between patients (ranges F 126-202, E 14.4-36.0, C 160-510 mg/m2/w). The dominating grade III/IV toxicity was nausea (12% of patients) and febrile neutropenia (31% of patients). The tailored and dose-escalated FEC was highly active and feasible in metastatic breast cancer and may provide a pragmatic way of overcoming the shortcomings of standard BSA-based dosing.
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3.
  • Margolin, Sara, et al. (författare)
  • A randomised feasibility/phase II study (SBG 2004-1) with dose-dense/tailored epirubicin, cyclophoshamide (EC) followed by docetaxel (T) or fixed dosed dose-dense EC/T versus T, doxorubicin and C (TAC) in node-positive breast cancer.
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: Acta oncologica (Stockholm, Sweden). - : Informa Healthcare. - 1651-226X .- 0284-186X. ; 50:1, s. 35-41
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The aim of the study was to evaluate the feasibility of tailored and dose-dense epirubicin and cyclophosphamide followed by docetaxel as adjuvant breast cancer therapy. Material and methods. Patients with node-positive breast cancer received either four cycles of biweekly and tailored EC (epirubicin 38-60-75-90-105-120 mg/m(2), cyclophosphamide 450-600-900-1200 mg/m(2)) followed by four cycles of docetaxel (60-75-85-100 mg/m(2)) (arm A) or the same regimen with fixed doses (E(90)C(600) + 4 → T(75) + 4) (arm B) or docetaxel, doxorubicin and cyclophosphamide (T(75)A(50)C(500)) every three weeks for six cycles (arm C). All patients received G-CSF support and prophylactic ciprofloxacin. Results. One-hundred and twenty-four patients were randomised in the study. In the A, B and C arm, 17% 19% and 3% of the patients had one or more cycles delayed due to side-effects whereas 24%, 5% and 15% experienced a grade 3 infection or febrile neutropenia. After the introduction of an extra week between the EC and T parts in the A and B arms, grade 3 hand-foot-skin reactions were reduced from 5 to 0.2%. Twenty-nine percent (A and B) and 20% (C) of the patients were hospitalised due to side-effects. Discussion. Dose-dense and tailored EC/T can be given with manageable toxicity and is after adjustment presently studied in the phase III Panther trial.
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4.
  • Matikas, Alexios, et al. (författare)
  • Long-term safety and survival outcomes from the Scandinavian Breast Group 2004-1 randomized phase II trial of tailored dose-dense adjuvant chemotherapy for early breast cancer
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment. - : SPRINGER. - 0167-6806 .- 1573-7217. ; 168:2, s. 349-355
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Although adjuvant polychemotherapy improves outcomes for early breast cancer, the significant variability in terms of pharmacokinetics results in differences in efficacy and both short and long-term toxicities. Retrospective studies support the use of dose tailoring according to the hematologic nadirs. The SBG 2004-1 trial was a randomized feasibility phase II study which assessed tailored dose-dense epirubicin and cyclophosphamide (EC) followed by docetaxel (T) (group A), the same regimen with fixed doses (group B) and the TAC regimen (group C). Women aged 18-65 years, ECOG PS 0-1 with at least one positive axillary lymph node were randomized 1:1:1. The primary endpoint of the study was the safety and feasibility of the treatment. Toxicity was graded according to CTC-AE version 3.0. The design and short-term toxicity have been previously published. Here, we report safety and efficacy data after 10 years of follow-up. A total of 124 patients were included in the study. After a median follow-up of 10.3 years, the probability for 10-year survival was 78.5, 75.1, and 63.4% and for relapse free survival 64.1, 71.0, and 59.5% for groups A, B, and C, respectively. There were no cases of clinically diagnosed cardiotoxicity or hematologic malignancies. No patient was lost to follow-up. In this randomized phase II trial, tailored dose adjuvant chemotherapy was feasible, without an increased risk for long-term adverse events after a median follow-up of 10 years.
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6.
  • Poikonen-Saksela, Paula, et al. (författare)
  • Leukocyte nadir as a predictive factor for efficacy of adjuvant chemotherapy in breast cancer. Results from the prospective trial SBG 2000-1
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: Acta Oncologica. - : Informa UK Limited. - 0284-186X .- 1651-226X. ; 59:7, s. 825-832
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: Retrospective studies have suggested that chemotherapy-induced leukopenia is associated with improved recurrence-free or overall survival. The SBG 2000-1 trial was designed to verify the favorable prognosis associated with chemotherapy-induced leukopenia in early breast cancer. Patients not experiencing chemotherapy-induced leukopenia were randomized into standard dosed or individually escalated chemotherapy doses based on the grade of leukopenia after a first standard dose.Patients and methods: 1452 women in Sweden and Denmark with operable node-positive or high-risk node-negative breast cancer aged 18-60 years were recruited to participate in this trial. Participants received a first FEC cycle at standard doses (600/60/600 mg/m(2)). Patients (n = 1052) with nadir leukopenia grade 0-2 after the first cycle were randomized between either 6 standard FEC or 6 tailored FEC courses with doses of epirubicin and cyclophosphamide escalated during courses 2 and 3 and thereafter aimed at achieving grade 3 leukopenia. Patients with nadir leukopenia grade 3-4 after the first course continued treatment with standard FEC. Results of the randomized comparison has been published previously. The present study focuses on chemotherapy-induced leukopenia as a covariable with outcome in randomized and non-randomized patients. The prognostic value of leukopenia after course 3, was studied in a Cox model adjusted for cumulative doses of epirubicin and cyclophosphamide. The association of chemotherapy-induced leukopenia with prognosis was a preplanned secondary endpoint for this trial.Results: The eight-year distant disease-free survival was 73%, 77%, 78% and 83% for patients with leucocyte nadir grade 0, 1, 2 and 3-4, respectively. Higher degree of leukopenia was highly significantly associated to improved distant disease-free survival (HR 0.84, 95% CI 0.74-0.96, p = .008) and overall survival (HR 0.87 (0.76-0.99, p = .032).Conclusion: This prospective study confirms that chemotherapy-induced leukopenia is a covariable with outcome in primary breast cancer, even after adjustment for chemotherapy doses.
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7.
  • Villman, Kenneth, et al. (författare)
  • A phase II study of epirubicin, cisplatin and capecitabine as neoadjuvant chemotherapy in locally advanced or inflammatory breast cancer
  • 2007
  • Ingår i: European Journal of Cancer. - : Pergamon Press. - 0959-8049 .- 1879-0852. ; 43:7, s. 1153-1160
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • AIM: To assess the efficacy and safety of epirubicin, capecitabine and cisplatin (EXC) combination therapy in locally advanced breast cancer (LABC) and investigate the predictive value of selected biomarkers.METHODS: Newly diagnosed LABC patients received four 3-weekly cycles of neoadjuvant EXC (epirubicin 60 mg/m(2) day 1; capecitabine 1000 mg/m(2) bid, days 1-14; cisplatin 60 mg/m(2)day 1) and two cycles of post-operative EXC.RESULTS: Eight (17%) of 48 patients had inflammatory breast cancer. Overall response rate was 74% (95% CI: 59-86%), including complete responses in 13% (95% CI: 5-26%). Nine (22%; 95% CI: 11-38%) of 41 patients undergoing surgery achieved pathologic complete response (pCR), giving a pCR rate of 19% (95% CI: 9-33%) in the intent-to-treat population. Haematological toxicity was manageable. The most problematic toxicities were chemotherapy-induced nausea/vomiting and hypercoagulative disorders. None of the biomarkers investigated, including HER2, predicted response.CONCLUSION: EXC showed high efficacy in LABC, with high clinical response and pCR rate. Nausea and vomiting were unexpectedly frequent, and more aggressive prophylaxis and management of these side effects is recommended in future studies of this combination.
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8.
  • Villman, K., et al. (författare)
  • TOP2A and HER2 gene amplification as predictors of response to anthracycline treatment in breast cancer
  • 2006
  • Ingår i: Acta Oncol. - : Taylor & Francis. - 0284-186X .- 1651-226X. ; 45:5, s. 590-6
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The purpose of this study was to evaluate amplification of topoisomerase IIalpha (TOP2A) and HER2 genes as predictors of response to chemotherapy in advanced breast cancer. Gene copy number of TOP2A and HER2 were analysed with chromogenic in situ hybridization (CISH) on paraffin-embedded tissue sections from the primary tumour of 85 patients treated with anthracycline containing chemotherapy. TOP2A gene amplification was present in 14 (16%) and HER2 gene amplification in 38 (45%) of the primary tumours. Two of the 14 cases with TOP2A amplification were amplified without concurrent HER2 amplification. Neither TOP2A nor HER2 gene amplification were significantly associated with response to chemotherapy (p = 0.35 and p = 0.49, respectively).
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9.
  • Villman, Kenneth, et al. (författare)
  • Topoisomerase II-alpha expression in different cell cycle phases in fresh human breast carcinomas
  • 2002
  • Ingår i: Modern Pathology. - Philadelphia, USA : Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. - 0893-3952 .- 1530-0285. ; 15:5, s. 486-491
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Topoisomerase II-alpha (topo II alpha) is the key target enzyme for the topoisomerase inhibitor class of anti-cancer drugs. In normal cells, topo II alpha is expressed predominantly in the S/G2/M phase of the cell cycle. In malignant cells, in vitro studies have indicated that the expression of topo II alpha is both higher and less dependent on proliferation state in the cell. We studied fresh specimens from 50 cases of primary breast cancer. The expression of topo II alpha in different cell cycle phases was analyzed with two-parameter flow cytometry using the monoclonal antibody SWT3D1 and propidium iodide staining. The expression of topo II alpha was significantly higher in the S/G2/M phase of the cell cycle than in the G0/G1 phase in both DNA diploid and DNA non-diploid tumors. In 18 of 21 diploid tumors, and in 25 of 29 non-diploid tumors, >50% of the topo II alpha-positive cells were in the G0/G1 phase. This significant expression of topo II alpha in the G0/G1 phase of the cell cycle may have clinically important implications for treatment efficacy of topoisomerase II inhibitors.
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10.
  • Wickberg, Asa, et al. (författare)
  • Sector Resection With or Without Postoperative Radiotherapy for Stage I Breast Cancer : 20-Year Results of a Randomized Trial
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: Journal of Clinical Oncology. - : American Society of Clinical Oncology. - 0732-183X .- 1527-7755. ; 32:8, s. 791-
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Purpose To investigate how radiotherapy (XRT) adds to tumor control using a standardized surgical technique with meticulous control of surgical margins in a randomized trial with 20 years of follow-up. Patients and Methods Three hundred eighty-one women with pT1N0 breast cancer were randomly assigned to sector resection with (XRT group) or without (non-XRT group) postoperative radiotherapy to the breast. With follow-up through 2010, we estimated cumulative proportion of recurrence, breast cancer death, and all-cause mortality. Results The cumulative probability of a first breast cancer event of any type after 20 years was 30.9% in the XRT group and 45.1% in the non-XRT group (hazard ratio [HR], 0.58; 95% CI, 0.41 to 0.82). The benefit of radiotherapy was achieved within the first 5 years. After 20 years, 50.4% of the women in the XRT group died compared with 54.0% in the non-XRT group (HR, 0.92; 95% CI, 0.71 to 1.19). The cumulative probability of contralateral cancer or death as a result of cancer other than breast cancer was 27.1% in the XRT group and 24.9% in the non-XRT group (HR, 1.17; 95% CI, 0.77 to 1.77). In an anticipated low-risk group, the cumulative incidence of first breast cancer of any type was 24.8% in the XRT group and 36.1% in the non-XRT group (HR, 0.61; 95% CI, 0.35 to 1.07). Conclusion Radiotherapy protects against recurrences during the first 5 years of follow-up, indicating that XRT mainly eradicates undetected cancer foci present at primary treatment. The similar rate of recurrences beyond 5 years in the two groups indicates that late recurrences are new tumors. There are subgroups with clinically relevant differences in risk.
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