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  • Klionsky, Daniel J., et al. (författare)
  • Guidelines for the use and interpretation of assays for monitoring autophagy
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Autophagy. - : Landes Bioscience. - 1554-8635 .- 1554-8627. ; 8:4, s. 445-544
  • Forskningsöversikt (refereegranskat)abstract
    • In 2008 we published the first set of guidelines for standardizing research in autophagy. Since then, research on this topic has continued to accelerate, and many new scientists have entered the field. Our knowledge base and relevant new technologies have also been expanding. Accordingly, it is important to update these guidelines for monitoring autophagy in different organisms. Various reviews have described the range of assays that have been used for this purpose. Nevertheless, there continues to be confusion regarding acceptable methods to measure autophagy, especially in multicellular eukaryotes. A key point that needs to be emphasized is that there is a difference between measurements that monitor the numbers or volume of autophagic elements (e.g., autophagosomes or autolysosomes) at any stage of the autophagic process vs. those that measure flux through the autophagy pathway (i.e., the complete process); thus, a block in macroautophagy that results in autophagosome accumulation needs to be differentiated from stimuli that result in increased autophagic activity, defined as increased autophagy induction coupled with increased delivery to, and degradation within, lysosomes (in most higher eukaryotes and some protists such as Dictyostelium) or the vacuole (in plants and fungi). In other words, it is especially important that investigators new to the field understand that the appearance of more autophagosomes does not necessarily equate with more autophagy. In fact, in many cases, autophagosomes accumulate because of a block in trafficking to lysosomes without a concomitant change in autophagosome biogenesis, whereas an increase in autolysosomes may reflect a reduction in degradative activity. Here, we present a set of guidelines for the selection and interpretation of methods for use by investigators who aim to examine macroautophagy and related processes, as well as for reviewers who need to provide realistic and reasonable critiques of papers that are focused on these processes. These guidelines are not meant to be a formulaic set of rules, because the appropriate assays depend in part on the question being asked and the system being used. In addition, we emphasize that no individual assay is guaranteed to be the most appropriate one in every situation, and we strongly recommend the use of multiple assays to monitor autophagy. In these guidelines, we consider these various methods of assessing autophagy and what information can, or cannot, be obtained from them. Finally, by discussing the merits and limits of particular autophagy assays, we hope to encourage technical innovation in the field.
  • Ablikim, M., et al. (författare)
  • Branching fraction measurement of J/ψ→KSKL and search for J/ψ→KSKS
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Physical Review D. - 2470-0010 .- 2470-0029. ; 96:11
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Using a sample of 1.31 x 10(9) J/Psi events collected with the BESIII detector at the BEPCII collider, we study the decays of J/Psi -> KSKL and KSKS. The branching fraction of J/Psi -> KSKL is determined to be B(J/Psi -> KSKL) = (1.93 +/- 0.01 (stat) +/- 0.05 (syst)) x 10(-4), which significantly improves on previous measurements. No clear signal is observed for the J/Psi -> KSKS process, and the upper limit at the 95% confidence level for its branching fraction is determined to be B(J/Psi -> KSKS) < 1.4 x 10(-8), which improves on the previous searches by 2 orders in magnitude and reaches the order of the Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen expectation.
  • Ablikim, M., et al. (författare)
  • Evidence for e+e−→γηc(1S) at center-of-mass energies between 4.01 and 4.60 GeV
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Physical Review D. - 2470-0010 .- 2470-0029. ; 96:5
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • We present first evidence for the process e(+)e(-) -> gamma eta(c)(1S) at six center-of-mass energies between 4.01 and 4.60 GeV using data collected by the BESIII experiment operating at BEPCII. We measure the Born cross section at each energy using a combination of twelve eta(c)(1S) decay channels. We also combine all six energies under various assumptions for the energy-dependence of the cross section. If the process is assumed to proceed via the Y(4260), we measure a peak Born cross section sigma(peak)(e(+)e(-) -> gamma eta(c)(1S)) = 2.11 +/- 0.49 (stat.) +/- 0.36 (syst.) pb with a statistical significance of 4.2 sigma.
  • Ablikim, M., et al. (författare)
  • Improved measurements of X-cJ -> Sigma(+) (Sigma)over-bar(-) and Sigma(0)(Sigma)over-bar(0) decays
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Physical Review D. - : American Physical Society. - 2470-0010 .- 2470-0029. ; 97:5
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Using a data sample of (448.1 +/- 2.9) x 10(6) psi (3686) events collected with the BESIII detector at the BEPCII collider, we present measurements of branching fractions for the decays X-cJ -> Sigma(+) (Sigma) over bar (-) and Sigma(0) (Sigma) over bar (0) The decays X-c1.2 -> Sigma(+) (Sigma) over bar (-) and Sigma (Sigma) over bar (0) are observed for the first time, and the branching fractions for X-c0 -> Sigma(+) (Sigma) over bar (-) and Sigma(0) (Sigma) over bar (0) decays are measured with improved precision. The branching fraction ratios between the charged and neutral modes are consistent with the prediction of isospin symmetry.
  • Ablikim, M., et al. (författare)
  • Observation of a(0)(0)(980)-f(0)(980) Mixing
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Physical Review Letters. - : AMER PHYSICAL SOC. - 0031-9007 .- 1079-7114. ; 121:2
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • We report the first observation of a(0)(0)(980)-f(0)(980) mixing in the decays of J/psi -> phi f(0)(980) -> phi a(0)(0)(980) -> phi eta pi(0) and chi(c1) -> a(0)(0)(980)pi(0) -> f(0)(980)pi(0)->pi(+)pi(-)pi(0), using data samples of 1.31 x 10(9) J/psi events and 4.48 x 10(8) psi (3686) events accumulated with the BESIII detector. The signals of f(0)(980) -> a(0)(0)(980) and a(0)(0)(980) -> f(0)(980) mixing are observed at levels of statistical significance of 7.4 sigma and 5.5 sigma, respectively. The corresponding branching fractions and mixing intensities are measured and the constraint regions on the coupling constants, g(a0K+K-) and g(f0K+K-), are estimated. The results improve the understanding of the nature of a(0)(0)(980) and f(0)(980).
  • Ablikim, M., et al. (författare)
  • Amplitude analysis of the chi(c1) -> eta pi(+)pi(-) decays
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Physical Review D. - : AMER PHYSICAL SOC. - 2470-0010 .- 2470-0029. ; 95:3
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Using 448.0 x 10(6) psi(3686) events collected with the BESIII detector, an amplitude analysis is performed for psi(3686) -> gamma chi(c1), chi(c1) ->eta pi(+)pi(-) decays. The most dominant two- body structure observed is a(0)(980)(+/-) pi(-/+); a(0)(980)(+/-) -> eta pi(+/-.) line shape is modeled using a dispersion relation, and a significant nonzero a(0) (980) coupling to the eta'pi channel is measured. We observe chi(c1) -> a(2)(1700)pi production for the first time, with a significance larger than 17 sigma. The production of mesons with exotic quantum numbers, J(PC) = 1(-+), is investigated, and upper limits for the branching fractions chi(c1) -> pi(1)(1400)(+/-)pi(-/+) , chi(c1) -> pi(1)(1600)(+/-)pi(-/+) and chi(c1) -> pi 1(2015)(+/-)pi(-/+) with subsequent pi(1)(X)(+/-) -> eta pi(+/-) decay, are determined.
  • Ablikim, M., et al. (författare)
  • Analysis of D+ -> (K)over-bar(0)e(+)nu(e) and D+ -> pi(0)e(+)nu(e) semileptonic decays
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Physical Review D. - : AMER PHYSICAL SOC. - 2470-0010 .- 2470-0029. ; 96:1
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Using 2.93 fb(-1) of data taken at 3.773 GeV with the BESIII detector operated at the BEPCII collider, we study the semileptonic decays D+ -> (K) over bar (0)e(+)nu(e) and D+ -> pi(0)e(+)nu(e). We measure the absolute decay branching fractions B(D+ -> (K) over bar (0)e(+)nu(e)) = (8.60 +/- 0.06 +/- 0.15) x 10(-2) and B(D+ -> pi(0)e(+)nu(e)) = (3.63 +/- 0.08 +/- 0.05) x 10(-3), where the first uncertainties are statistical and the second systematic. We also measure the differential decay rates and study the form factors of these two decays. With the values of |V-cs| and |V-cd| from Particle Data Group fits assuming Cabibbo-Kobayashi-Maskawa (CKM) unitarity, we obtain the values of the form factors at q(2) = 0, f(+)(K)(0) = 0.725 +/- 0.004 +/- 0.012, and f(+)(pi)(0) = 0.622 +/- 0.012 +/- 0.003. Taking input from recent lattice QCD calculations of these form factors, we determine values of the CKM matrix elements |V-cs| = 0.944 +/- 0.005 +/- 0.015 +/- 0.024 and |V-cd| = 0.210 +/- 0.004 +/- 0.001 +/- 0.009, where the third uncertainties are theoretical.
  • Ablikim, M., et al. (författare)
  • Luminosity measurements for the R scan experiment at BESIII
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Chinese Physics C, High Energy Physics & Nuclear Physics. - 1674-1137 .- 0899-9996. ; 41:6
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • By analyzing the large-angle Bhabha scattering events e+e- → (γ)e+e- and diphoton events e+e- → (γ)γγ for the data sets collected at center-of-mass (c.m.) energies between 2.2324 and 4.5900 GeV (131 energy points in total) with the upgraded Beijing Spectrometer (BESIII) at the Beijing Electron-Positron Collider (BEPCII), the integrated luminosities have been measured at the different c.m. energies, individually. The results are important inputs for the R value and J/ψ resonance parameter measurements.
  • Ablikim, M., et al. (författare)
  • Measurement of Singly Cabibbo Suppressed Decays Lambda(+)(c) -> p pi(+)pi(-) and Lambda(+)(c) -> pK(+)K(-)
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: Physical Review Letters. - 0031-9007 .- 1079-7114. ; 117:23
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Using 567 pb(-1) of data collected with the BESIII detector at a center-of-mass energy of root s = 4.599 GeV, near the Lambda(+)(c)->(Lambda) over bar (-)(c) threshold, we study the singly Cabibbo-suppressed decays Lambda c(+) -> p pi(+) pi(-) and Lambda(+)(c) -> pK(+) K- By normalizing with respect to the Cabibbo-favored decay Lambda(+)(c)-> p pi(+)pi(-) we obtain ratios of branching fractions: [B(Lambda(+)(c) -> p pi(+)pi(-))/B(Lambda(+)(c) -> pK(-)pi(+))] = (6.70 +/- 0.48 +/- 0.25)% [B Lambda(+)(c) -> p phi)/B(Lambda(+)(c) -> pK(-)pi(+))] = (1.81 +/- 0.33 +/- 0.13)%,and [B(Lambda(+)(c) -> pK(+)K(non-phi)(-)/B(Lambda(+)(c) -> pK(-)pi(+))] (9.36 +/- 2.22 +/- 0.71)x10(-3), where the uncertainties are statistical and systematic, respectively. The absolute branching fractions are also presented. Among these measurements, the decay Lambda(+)(c) -> p pi(+)pi(-) is observed for the first time, and the precision of the branching fraction for Lambda(+)(c) -> pK(+)K(non-phi)(-) and Lambda(+)(c) -> p phi is significantly improved.
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