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Sökning: WFRF:(Alcaraz Antonio) > (2020-2021)

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  • Abercrombie, Daniel, et al. (författare)
  • Dark Matter benchmark models for early LHC Run-2 Searches : Report of the ATLAS/CMS Dark Matter Forum
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: Physics of the Dark Universe. - 0953-8585 .- 2212-6864. ; 27
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • This document is the final report of the ATLAS-CMS Dark Matter Forum, a forum organized by the ATLAS and CMS collaborations with the participation of experts on theories of Dark Matter, to select a minimal basis set of dark matter simplified models that should support the design of the early LHC Run-2 searches. A prioritized, compact set of benchmark models is proposed, accompanied by studies of the parameter space of these models and a repository of generator implementations. This report also addresses how to apply the Effective Field Theory formalism for collider searches and present the results of such interpretations.
  • Tiraboschi, Juan M, et al. (författare)
  • No changes in HIV suppression and inflammatory markers in CSF in patients randomly switched to DTG + 3TC (Spanish HIV/AIDS Research Network, PreEC/RIS 62).
  • 2021
  • Ingår i: The Journal of infectious diseases. - 1537-6613. ; 223:11, s. 1928-1933
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • A major concern of HIV dual therapy is a potential lower efficacy in viral reservoirs, especially in the central nervous system (CNS). We evaluated HIV RNA, neuronal injury and inflammatory biomarkers and dolutegravir (DTG) exposure in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) in patients switching to DTG+lamivudine (3TC). All participants maintained viral suppression in plasma and CSF at week 48. We observed no increase in CSF markers of inflammation or neuronal injury. Median (IQR) total and unbound DTG in CSF were 7.3(5.9-8.4) ng/mL and 1.7(1.2-1.9) ng/mL, respectively. DTG+3TC may maintain viral control without changes in inflammatory/injury markers within the CNS reservoir.
  • Vigliar, Elena, et al. (författare)
  • Global impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on cytopathology practice: Results from an international survey of laboratories in 23 countries
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: Cancer Cytopathology. - : WILEY. - 1934-662X .- 1934-6638. ; 128:12, s. 885-894
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background To the authors knowledge, the impact of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic on cytopathology practices worldwide has not been investigated formally. In the current study, data from 41 respondents from 23 countries were reported. Methods Data regarding the activity of each cytopathology laboratory during 4 weeks of COVID-19 lockdown were collected and compared with those obtained during the corresponding period in 2019. The overall number and percentage of exfoliative and fine-needle aspiration cytology samples from each anatomic site were recorded. Differences in the malignancy and suspicious rates between the 2 periods were analyzed using a meta-analytical approach. Results Overall, the sample volume was lower compared with 2019 (104,319 samples vs 190,225 samples), with an average volume reduction of 45.3% (range, 0.1%-98.0%). The percentage of samples from the cervicovaginal tract, thyroid, and anorectal region was significantly reduced (P < .05). Conversely, the percentage of samples from the urinary tract, serous cavities, breast, lymph nodes, respiratory tract, salivary glands, central nervous system, gastrointestinal tract, pancreas, liver, and biliary tract increased (P < .05). An overall increase of 5.56% (95% CI, 3.77%-7.35%) in the malignancy rate in nongynecological samples during the COVID-19 pandemic was observed. When the suspicious category was included, the overall increase was 6.95% (95% CI, 4.63%-9.27%). Conclusions The COVID-19 pandemic resulted in a drastic reduction in the total number of cytology specimens regardless of anatomic site or specimen type. The rate of malignancy increased, reflecting the prioritization of patients with cancer who were considered to be at high risk. Prospective monitoring of the effect of delays in access to health services during the lockdown period is warranted.
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