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Sökning: WFRF:(Battiwalla Minoo) > (2020)

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  • Farhadfar, Nosha, et al. (författare)
  • Impact of autologous blood transfusion after bone marrow harvest on unrelated donor's health and outcome : a CIBMTR analysis
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: Bone Marrow Transplantation. - : SPRINGERNATURE. - 0268-3369 .- 1476-5365. ; 55:11, s. 2121-2131
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Pre-harvest autologous blood collection from bone marrow (BM) donors is performed to meet potential post-operative transfusion needs. This study examines the impact of autologous blood transfusion on BM donor's health and safety. The study included first-time unrelated BM donors from the United States whose BM harvest was facilitated by the National Marrow Donor Program (NMDP) centers between 2006 and 2017. Examination of 7024 BM donors revealed that 60% received at least one unit of autologous blood. The donors who received autologous blood were older, had lower hemoglobin pre-harvest, underwent longer duration of anesthesia, and higher volume BM harvest. Only donors who underwent high-volume BM harvest, defined as a BM harvest volume >27% of donor's blood volume, benefited from autologous transfusion. After a high-volume BM harvest, autologous blood transfusion was shown to decrease grade 2 to 4 collection-associated toxicities within 48 h of BM donation (p = 0.010) and shorten the time to donor-reported "complete" recovery from donation-associated symptoms (p < 0.001). Therefore, autologous transfusion could be avoided as support of marrow donation in the majority of unrelated BM donors and should be limited to cases where the planned BM harvest volume is expected to exceed 27% of donor's blood volume.
  • Lee, Catherine J., et al. (författare)
  • Late effects after ablative allogeneic stem cell transplantation for adolescent and young adult acute myeloid leukemia
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: Blood Advances. - 2473-9529 .- 2473-9537. ; 4:6, s. 983-992
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • There is marked paucity of data regarding late effects in adolescents and young adults (AYAs) who undergo myeloablative conditioning (MAC) allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) for acute myeloid leukemia (AML). We evaluated late effects and survival in 826 1-year disease-free survivors of MAC HCT for AYA AML, with an additional focus on comparing late effects based upon MAC type (total body irradiation [TBI] vs high-dose chemotherapy only). The estimated 10-year cumulative incidence of subsequent neoplasms was 4% (95% confidence interval [CI], 2%-6%); 10-year cumulative incidence of nonmalignant late effects included gonadal dysfunction (10%; 95% CI, 8%-13%), cataracts (10%; 95% CI, 7%-13%), avascular necrosis (8%; 95% CI, 5%-10%), diabetes mellitus (5%; 95% CI, 3%-7%), and hypothyroidism (3%; 95% CI, 2%-5%). Receipt of TBI was independently associated with a higher risk of cataracts only (hazard ratio [HR], 4.98; P < .0001) whereas chronic graft-versus-host disease (cGVHD) was associated with an increased risk of cataracts (HR, 3.22; P = .0006), avascular necrosis (HR, 2.49; P = .006), and diabetes mellitus (HR, 3.36; P = .03). Estimated 10-year overall survival and leukemia-free survival were 73% and 70%, respectively, and did not differ on the basis of conditioning type. In conclusion, late effects among survivors of MAC HCT for AYA AML are frequent and are more closely linked to cGVHD than type of conditioning.
  • Munshi, Pashna N., et al. (författare)
  • Age no bar : A CIBMTR analysis of elderly patients undergoing autologous hematopoietic cell transplantation for multiple myeloma
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: Cancer. - : WILEY. - 0008-543X .- 1097-0142. ; 126:23, s. 5077-5087
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background Upfront autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (AHCT) remains an important therapy in the management of patients with multiple myeloma (MM), a disease of older adults. Methods The authors investigated the outcomes of AHCT in patients with MM who were aged >= 70 years. The Center for International Blood and Marrow Transplant Research (CIBMTR) database registered 15,999 patients with MM in the United States within 12 months of diagnosis during 2013 through 2017; a total of 2092 patients were aged >= 70 years. Nonrecurrence mortality (NRM), disease recurrence and/or progression (relapse; REL), progression-free survival (PFS), and overall survival (OS) were modeled using Cox proportional hazards models with age at transplantation as the main effect. Because of the large sample size, aPvalue <.01 was considered to be statistically significant a priori. Results An increase in AHCT was noted in 2017 (28%) compared with 2013 (15%) among patients aged >= 70 years. Although approximately 82% of patients received melphalan (Mel) at a dose of 200 mg/m(2)overall, 58% of the patients aged >= 70 years received Mel at a dose of 140 mg/m(2). On multivariate analysis, patients aged >= 70 years demonstrated no difference with regard to NRM (hazard ratio [HR] 1.3; 99% confidence interval [99% CI], 1-1.7 [P = .06]), REL (HR, 1.03; 99% CI, 0.9-1.1 [P = 0.6]), PFS (HR, 1.06; 99% CI, 1-1.2 [P = 0.2]), and OS (HR, 1.2; 99% CI, 1-1.4 [P = .02]) compared with the reference group (those aged 60-69 years). In patients aged >= 70 years, Mel administered at a dose of 140 mg/m(2)was found to be associated with worse outcomes compared with Mel administered at a dose of 200 mg/m(2), including day 100 NRM (1% [95% CI, 1%-2%] vs 0% [95% CI, 0%-1%];P = .003]), 2-year PFS (64% [95% CI, 60%-67%] vs 69% [95% CI, 66%-73%];P = .003), and 2-year OS (85% [95% CI, 82%-87%] vs 89% [95% CI, 86%-91%];P = .01]), likely representing frailty. Conclusions The results of the current study demonstrated that AHCT remains an effective consolidation therapy among patients with MM across all age groups.
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