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Träfflista för sökning "WFRF:(Behr Charlotte) srt2:(2011)"

Sökning: WFRF:(Behr Charlotte) > (2011)

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  • Costa, Giulia, et al. (författare)
  • Control of Plasmodium falciparum erythrocytic cycle : gamma-delta T cells target the red blood cell-invasive merozoites
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: Blood. - : American Society of Hematology. - 0006-4971 .- 1528-0020. ; 118:26, s. 6952--6962
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The control of Plasmodium falciparum erythrocytic parasite density is essential for protection against malaria, as it prevents pathogenesis and progression towards severe disease. P.falciparum blood-stage parasite cultures are inhibited by human Vγ9Vδ2 gamma-delta T cells, but the underlying mechanism remains poorly understood. Here, we show that both intra-erythrocytic parasites and the extracellular red blood cell-invasive merozoites specifically activate Vγ9Vδ2 T cells in a γδ T cell receptor dependent manner and trigger their degranulation. In contrast, the γδ T cell-mediated anti-parasitic activity only targets the extracellular merozoites. Using perforin-deficient and granulysin-silenced T cell lines, we demonstrate that granulysin is essential for the in vitro anti-plasmodial process, whereas perforin is dispensable. Patients infected with P.falciparum exhibited elevated granulysin plasma levels associated with high levels of granulysin-expressing Vδ2(+) T cells endowed with parasite-specific degranulation capacity. This indicates in vivo activation of Vγ9Vδ2 T cells along with granulysin triggering and discharge during primary acute falciparum malaria. Altogether, this work identifies Vγ9Vδ2 T cells as unconventional immune effectors targeting the red blood cell-invasive extracellular P.falciparum merozoites and opens novel perspectives for immune interventions harnessing the anti-parasitic activity of Vγ9Vδ2 T cells to control parasite density in malaria patients.
  • Lanktree, Matthew B., et al. (författare)
  • Meta-analysis of Dense Genecentric Association Studies Reveals Common and Uncommon Variants Associated with Height
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: American Journal of Human Genetics. - : Cell Press. - 0002-9297 .- 1537-6605. ; 88:1, s. 41443-41443
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Height is a classic complex trait with common variants in a growing list of genes known to contribute to the phenotype. Using a genecentric genotyping array targeted toward cardiovascular-related loci, comprising 49,320 SNPs across approximately 2000 loci, we evaluated the association of common and uncommon SNPs with adult height in 114,223 individuals from 47 studies and six ethnicities. A total of 64 loci contained a SNP associated with height at array-wide significance (p < 2.4 x 10(-6)), with 42 loci surpassing the conventional genome-wide significance threshold (p < 5 x 10(-8)). Common variants with minor allele frequencies greater than 5% were observed to be associated with height in 37 previously reported loci. In individuals of European ancestry, uncommon SNPs in IL11 and SMAD3, which would not be genotyped with the use of standard genome-wide genotyping arrays, were strongly associated with height (p < 3 x 10(-11)). Conditional analysis within associated regions revealed five additional variants associated with height independent of lead SNPs within the locus, suggesting allelic heterogeneity. Although underpowered to replicate findings from individuals of European ancestry, the direction of effect of associated variants was largely consistent in African American, South Asian, and Hispanic populations. Overall, we show that dense coverage of genes for uncommon SNPs, coupled with large-scale meta-analysis, can successfully identify additional variants associated with a common complex trait.
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