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Sökning: WFRF:(Bielecki Johan 1982) > (2007-2009)

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  • Bao, Ling, 1980, et al. (författare)
  • U-Duality and the Compactified Gauss-Bonnet Term
  • 2007
  • Ingår i: Journal of High Energy Physics.
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • We present the complete toroidal compactification of the Gauss-Bonnet Lagrangian from D dimensions to D-n dimensions. Our goal is to investigate the resulting action from the point of view of the "U-duality" symmetry SL(n+1,R) which is present in the tree-level Lagrangian when D-n=3. The analysis builds upon and extends the investigation of the paper [arXiv:0706.1183], by computing in detail the full structure of the compactified Gauss-Bonnet term, including the contribution from the dilaton exponents. We analyze these exponents using the representation theory of the Lie algebra sl(n+1,R) and determine which representation is the relevant one for quadratic curvature corrections. By interpreting the result of the compactification as a leading term in a large volume expansion of an SL(n+1,Z)-invariant action, we conclude that the overall exponential dilaton factor should not be included in the representation structure. As a consequence, all dilaton exponents correspond to weights of sl(n+1,R), which, nevertheless, remain on the positive side of the root lattice.
  • Granath, Mats, 1972, et al. (författare)
  • Anharmonic softening of Raman active phonons in iron-pnictides: Estimating the Fe isotope effect due to anharmonic expansion
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Physical Review B. - 1098-0121. ; 79:23
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • We present Raman measurements on the iron-pnictide superconductors CeFeAsO1-xFx and NdFeAsO1-xFx. Modeling the Fe-As plane in terms of harmonic and a cubic anharmonic Fe-As interactions, we calculate the temperature dependence of the energy and lifetime of the Raman active Fe B-1g mode and fit to the observed energy shift. The shifts and lifetimes are in good agreement with those measured also in other Raman studies which demonstrate that the phonon spectrum, at least at small wave numbers, is well represented by phonon-phonon interactions without any significant electronic contribution. Even at zero temperature there is a non-negligent effect of interactions on the phonon energy, which for the Fe B-1g mode corresponds to 6 cm(-1) or 3% of the total energy of the mode. We also estimate the anharmonic expansion from Fe (56 -> 54) isotope substitution to Delta a approximate to 5.1 x 10(-4) angstrom and Delta d(Fe-As) approximate to 2.5 x 10(-4) angstrom and the shift of harmonic zero-point fluctuations of bond lengths less than or similar to 3 x 10(-5) angstrom(2), giving a total relative average decrease in electronic hopping integrals of vertical bar delta vertical bar/t less than or similar to 2.0 x 10(-4). For a nonphonon-mediated weak-coupling superconductor this gives an isotope exponent alpha similar to 10(-2). The results pose a serious challenge for any theory of superconductivity in the pnictides that does not include electron-phonon interactions to produce a sizable Fe isotope effect.
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