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Träfflista för sökning "WFRF:(Carey Cayelan C.) srt2:(2010-2014)"

Sökning: WFRF:(Carey Cayelan C.) > (2010-2014)

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1.
  • Carey, Cayelan C., et al. (författare)
  • Lake trophic status can be determined by the depth distribution of sediment phosphorus
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: Limnology and Oceanography. - 0024-3590 .- 1939-5590. ; 56:6, s. 2051-2063
  • Forskningsöversikt (refereegranskat)abstract
    • In this meta-analysis, we examine how sediment phosphorus (P) burial pattern may be related to trophic state. We present sediment P profiles from 94 lakes that demonstrate fundamental differences in P burial between oligotrophic and eutrophic systems. In sediments of eutrophic (>= 30 mu g water column total P (TP) L-1) lakes, P concentrations are elevated in the surficial sediments in comparison with deeper layers, representing a large P pool that can be recycled. This pattern directly contrasts with sediment P profiles in oligotrophic lakes (< 10 mu g water column TP L-1), which exhibit increasing concentrations of permanently buried P with depth. Sediment processes regulating P burial may be important regulators of internal P recycling and consequently lake trophic status. Thus, mesotrophic lakes (10 to 30 mu g water column TP L-1), which exhibit consistent P concentrations with depth, are more vulnerable to external P inputs than oligotrophic lakes because they are at their maximal sediment P burial flux. Our data suggest that thresholds in sediment P pattern may correlate with thresholds in sediment P burial processes and consequently may indicate whether deposited P will be released to the water column.
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2.
  • Carey, Cayelan C., et al. (författare)
  • The cyanobacterium Gloeotrichia echinulata stimulates the growth of other phytoplankton
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Journal of Plankton Research. - : Oxford University Press. - 0142-7873. ; 32:9, s. 1349-1354
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • We tested the effect of the cyanobacterium Gloeotrichia echinulata on a diverse array of phytoplankton. We found that Gloeotrichia increased the growth rates of five of seven phytoplankton species up to 620% in comparison with a medium-only control after 96 h.
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3.
  • Kara, Emily L., et al. (författare)
  • Time-scale dependence in numerical simulations : Assessment of physical, chemical, and biological predictions in a stratified lake at temporal scales of hours to months
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Environmental Modelling & Software. - 1364-8152 .- 1873-6726. ; 35, s. 104-121
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • We evaluated the predictive ability of a one-dimensional coupled hydrodynamic-biogeochemical model across multiple temporal scales using wavelet analysis and traditional goodness-of-fit metrics. High-frequency in situ automated sensor data and long-term manual observational data from Lake Mendota, Wisconsin, USA, were used to parameterize, calibrate, and evaluate model predictions. We focused specifically on short-term predictions of temperature, dissolved oxygen, and phytoplankton biomass over one season. Traditional goodness-of-fit metrics indicated more accurate prediction of physics than chemical or biological variables in the time domain. This was confirmed by wavelet analysis in both the time and frequency domains. For temperature, predicted and observed global wavelet spectra were closely related, while observed dissolved oxygen and chlorophyll fluorescence spectral characteristics were not reproduced by the model for key time scales, indicating that processes not modeled may be important drivers of the observed signal. Although the magnitude and timing of physical and biological changes were simulated adequately at the seasonal time scale through calibration, time scale-specific dynamics, for example short-term cycles, were difficult to reproduce, and were relatively insensitive to the effects of varying parameters. The use of wavelet analysis is novel to aquatic ecosystem modeling, is complementary to traditional goodness-of-fit metrics, and allows for assessment of variability at specific temporal scales. In this way, the effect of processes operating at distinct temporal scales can be isolated and better understood, both in situ and in silico. Wavelet transforms are particularly well suited for assessment of temporal and spatial heterogeneity when coupled to high-frequency data from automated in situ or remote sensing platforms.
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