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Träfflista för sökning "WFRF:(DeFronzo Ralph A.) srt2:(2010-2014)"

Sökning: WFRF:(DeFronzo Ralph A.) > (2010-2014)

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1.
  • Abdul-Ghani, Muhammad A., et al. (författare)
  • The shape of plasma glucose concentration curve during OGTT predicts future risk of type 2 diabetes
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Diabetes/Metabolism Research & Reviews. - : John Wiley and Sons. - 1520-7552. ; 26:4, s. 280-286
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background The aim of the study is to assess the relationship between the shape of plasma glucose concentration during the OGTT and future risk for T2DM. Methods 2445 non-diabetic subjects from the Botnia study received an OGTT at baseline and after 7-8 years of follow-up. Results NGT and IFG subjects who returned their plasma glucose concentration following an ingested glucose load below FPG within 60 min had increased insulin sensitivity, greater insulin secretion and lower risk for future T2DM compared to NGT and IFG subjects whose post-load plasma glucose concentration required 120 min or longer to return their plasma glucose level to FPG level. IGT subjects who had a lower plasma glucose concentration at 1-h compared to 2-h during oGrr had greater insulin sensitivity, better beta cell function and lower risk for future T2DM. Conclusions These data suggest that the shape of glucose curve can be utilized to assess future risk for T2DM. Copyright (C) 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
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2.
  • Abdul-Ghani, Muhammad A., et al. (författare)
  • Two-Step Approach for the Prediction of Future Type 2 Diabetes Risk
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: Diabetes Care. - : American Diabetes Association. - 1935-5548. ; 34:9, s. 2108-2112
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • OBJECTIVE-To develop a model for the prediction of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) risk on the basis of a multivariate logistic model and 1-h plasma glucose concentration (1-h PG). RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS-The model was developed in a cohort of 1,562 non-diabetic subjects from the San Antonio Heart Study (SAHS) and validated in 2,395 nondiabetic subjects in the Botnia Study. A risk score on the basis of anthropometric parameters, plasma glucose and lipid profile, and blood pressure was computed for each subject. Subjects with a risk score above a certain cut point were considered to represent high-risk individuals, and their 1-h PG concentration during the oral glucose tolerance test was used to further refine their future T2DM risk. RESULTS-We used the San Antonio Diabetes Prediction Model (SADPM) to generate the initial risk score. A risk-score value of 0.065 was found to be an optimal cut point for initial screening and selection of high-risk individuals. A 1-h PG concentration >140 mg/dL in high-risk individuals (whose risk score was >0.065) was the optimal cut point for identification of subjects at increased risk. The two cut points had 77.8, 77.4, and 44.8% (for the SAHS) and 75.8, 71.6, and 11.9% (for the Botnia Study) sensitivity, specificity, and positive predictive value, respectively, in the SAHS and Botnia Study. CONCLUSIONS-A two-step model, based on the combination of the SADPM and 1-h PG, is a useful tool for the identification of high-risk Mexican-American and Caucasian individuals. Diabetes Care 34:2108-2112, 2011
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