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Träfflista för sökning "WFRF:(Englund Elisabet) srt2:(2000-2004)"

Sökning: WFRF:(Englund Elisabet) > (2000-2004)

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1.
  • Allard, P, et al. (författare)
  • Caudate nucleus dopamine D-2 receptors in vascular dementia
  • 2002
  • Ingår i: Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders. - : Karger. - 1420-8008 .- 1421-9824. ; 14:1, s. 22-25
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Caudate nucleus dopamine (DA) D-2 receptors were studied in patients with vascular dementia (VaD) and in a control group using [H-3]raclopride as a radioligand. There was no significant difference in the number of DA D-2 receptors in the VaD group as compared with controls. The binding affinity was significantly lower in the VaD group. When the VaD group was subdivided into subjects with or without neuroleptic treatment, there were no differences in the numbers of receptors as compared with controls, and the significant differences in binding affinity remained for both VaD subgroups. The present results are. discussed with reference to the previous finding of a reduced density of caudate nucleus DA uptake sites in the same VaD group and to results from studies on DA D-2 receptors in Alzheimer's disease and Parkinson's disease. Copyright (C) 2002 S. Karger AG, Basel.
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  • Björkman-Burtscher, Isabella, et al. (författare)
  • Proton MR spectroscopy and preoperative diagnostic accuracy: an evaluation of intracranial mass lesions characterized by stereotactic biopsy findings
  • 2000
  • Ingår i: AJNR. - : American Society of Neuroradiology. - 1936-959X. ; 21:1, s. 84-93
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: MR imaging has made it easier to distinguish among the different types of intracranial mass lesions. Nevertheless, it is sometimes impossible to base a diagnosis solely on clinical and neuroradiologic findings, and, in these cases, biopsy must be performed. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the hypothesis that proton MR spectroscopy is able to improve preoperative diagnostic accuracy in cases of intracranial tumors and may therefore obviate stereotactic biopsy. METHODS: Twenty-six patients with intracranial tumors underwent MR imaging, proton MR spectroscopy, and stereotactic biopsy. MR spectroscopic findings were evaluated for the distribution pattern of pathologic spectra (NAA/Cho ratio < 1) across the lesion and neighboring tissue, for signal ratios in different tumor types, and for their potential to improve preoperative diagnostic accuracy. RESULTS: Gliomas and lymphomas showed pathologic spectra outside the area of contrast enhancement while four nonastrocytic circumscribed tumors (meningioma, pineocytoma, metastasis, and germinoma) showed no pathologic spectra outside the region of enhancement. No significant correlation was found between different tumor types and signal ratios. MR spectroscopy improved diagnostic accuracy by differentiating infiltrative from circumscribed tumors; however, diagnostic accuracy was not improved in terms of differentiating the types of infiltrative or circumscribed lesions. CONCLUSION: MR spectroscopy can improve diagnostic accuracy by differentiating circumscribed brain lesions from histologically infiltrating processes, which may be difficult or impossible solely on the basis of clinical or neuroradiologic findings.
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  • Carlén, Birgitta, et al. (författare)
  • Diagnostic value of electron microscopy in a case of juvenile neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis
  • 2001
  • Ingår i: Ultrastructural Pathology. - : Taylor & Francis. - 1521-0758. ; 25:4, s. 285-288
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Neuronal ceroid lipofuscinoses (NCLs) represent a large group of inherited neurodegenerative disorders characterized by an abnormal accumulation of lipopigment in neuronal and extraneuronal cells. The authors present a case of juvenile neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis in a 7-year-old boy. Ultrastructural examination of a skin biopsy disclosed deposits of curvilinear profiles and fingerprint-like structures in epithelial cells of sweat glands, endothelial cells, peripheral nerve endings, and fibroblasts, These findings allowed specific confirmation of the assumed diagnosis of juvenile neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis. Due to the genotypic and phenotypic variability within the group of NCLs, the clinical investigation may be long and complicated. With the NCL disorders in mind, an accurate diagnosis based on ultrastructural examination of a skin biopsy may shorten this investigation, thus benefitting the patient.
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  • Englund, Elisabet (författare)
  • Neuropathology of white matter lesions in vascular cognitive impairment.
  • 2002
  • Ingår i: Cerebrovascular Diseases. - : Karger. - 1421-9786. ; 13 Suppl 2:Suppl 2, s. 11-15
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The white matter is an important locus for tissue damage in vascular cognitive impairment and white matter lesions often dominate over gray matter changes. The spectrum of ischemic white matter lesions histopathologically represents focal and diffuse lesions, the most common form being the combination of both, in varying proportions. In the combined pathology, the diffuse lesion represents a gradient zone of damage towards surrounding normal tissue and may hold over 200 times the volume of an identified focal lesion, the lacunar infarct. Pathogenetically, the focal lesion results from the acute reaction to regional ischemia, while the diffuse white matter lesion represents the adjustment to altered perfusional and physiological conditions within the tissue. Copyright 2002 S. Karger AG, Basel
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  • Haglund, Mattias, et al. (författare)
  • Cerebral amyloid angiopathy, white matter lesions and Alzheimer encephalopathy - A histopathological assessment
  • 2002
  • Ingår i: Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders. - : Karger. - 1420-8008. ; 14:3, s. 161-166
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • To test the hypothesis that the cerebral amyloid angiopathy (CAA) of Alzheimer's disease (AD) is quantitatively associated with white matter lesions (WML), the brains of 63 demented patients exhibiting varying degrees of Alzheimer encephalopathy (AE) were examined, along with those of 10 nondemented control cases. The ratio of amyloid-positive to amyloid-negative vessels in the leptomeninges of the frontal pole from each patient was calculated subsequent to microscopical examination, and the severity of WML was graded according to previously published criteria. In AD cases without a significant component of vascular dementia, the level of CAA was found to correlate with the degree of WML diagnosed and graded by neuropathology. Neither age nor severity of AE correlated significantly with WML. There may be several reasons for the conflicting results of this study vis-a-vis earlier investigations; the roles played by different methods of staining, CAA quantitation and patient subgroup selection are also discussed. Copyright (C)2002 S. Karger AG, Basel.
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