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Sökning: WFRF:(Englund Elisabet) > (2005-2009)

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21.
  • Persson, Annette, et al. (författare)
  • Cell type- and region- dependent coxsackie adenovirus receptor expression in the central nervous system.
  • 2006
  • Ingår i: Journal of Neuro-Oncology. - : Springer. - 1573-7373. ; 78:1, s. 1-6
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Model systems have shown that adenoviral vector mediated transient gene expression can potentially be applied for the treatment of brain tumours, neurodegenerative diseases and brain injuries. Most studies utilized adenovirus serotype 5 (Ad5) based vectors, which as adhesion molecules require the coxsackie adenovirus receptor (CAR) as a critical determinant for cellular infection. In this report, we have systematically characterized CAR expression in the adult human central nervous system (CNS) by using immunohistochemistry. A total of 85 specimens from various CNS regions were investigated for CAR expression in a cell type-dependent context. The most marked staining positivity was found in the choroid plexus and the pituitary gland. The neocortex had scattered positive neurons, while the white matter was mainly negative. We need to consider the possible adverse effects and the possible damage caused by adenoviral gene therapy if the virus-vector also binds to normal brain cells.
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22.
  • Persson, Annette, et al. (författare)
  • Different assessments of immunohistochemically stained Ki-67 and hTERT in glioblastoma multiforme yield variable results: a study with reference to survival prognosis.
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: Clinical Neuropathology. - : Dustri-Verlag. - 0722-5091. ; 27:4, s. 224-233
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • OBJECTIVE: To investigate a marker of tumor proliferation, Ki-67, and telomerase expression in glioblastoma multiforme and to compare the results of different mainly quantitative assessments, in relation to age and survival rates. METHODS: Immunohistochemical stainings of Ki-67 and hTERT were evaluated in 39 formaldehyde-fixed, paraffin-embedded surgical samples of glioblastoma multiforme diagnosed during 2004, comprising all specimens with sufficient amount of vital tissue sent to the Department of Pathology during this year. Ki-67 counting and hTERT evaluation was assessed on whole tumor sections and on selected areas within each section. Age and length of survival were analyzed in relation to these parameters. RESULTS: We found that different methods of evaluating the stained sections yielded different results regarding Ki-67, but less marked differences for hTERT. With Ki-67 counting on whole sections (non-selected areas), we found a statistically significant correlation with length of survival. There was no corresponding information in the hTERT assessment. We could also confirm a significant inverse correlation between age and length of survival, as previously published. CONCLUSION: Our data demonstrate that different methods of Ki-67 evaluation may give markedly dissimilar results. The significant correlation found between survival and one but not with two other methods of Ki-67 assessment, implicate the value of standardized quantification methods. Our data indicate a possible prognostic use of immunohistochemical Ki-67 proliferation index in glioblastoma multiforme.
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24.
  • Persson, Annette, et al. (författare)
  • Neuroblastomas and medulloblastomas exhibit more Coxsackie adenovirus receptor expression than gliomas and other brain tumors.
  • 2007
  • Ingår i: Neuropathology. - : Wiley-Blackwell. - 0919-6544. ; 27:3, s. 233-236
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Adenoviral vector-mediated treatment is a potential therapy for tumors of the central nervous system. To obtain a significant therapeutic effect by adenoviral vectors, a sufficient infection is required, the power of which depends predominantly on the level of Coxsackie adenovirus receptors. We stained surgical biopsies of central nervous system tumors and neuroblastomas for Coxsackie adenovirus receptors. For gliomas, the level of the receptor was low and markedly variable among individual tumors. By contrast, neuroblastomas and medulloblastomas exhibited a higher degree of Coxsackie adenovirus receptor expression than gliomas and other brain tumors. We conclude that neuroblastomas and medulloblastomas could be suitable for adenovirus-mediated gene therapy. Adverse effects of the treatment, however, must be considered because neurons and reactive astrocytes also express a significant amount of the receptor.
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25.
  • Persson, Annette, et al. (författare)
  • The glioma cell edge - winning by engulfing the enemy?
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Medical Hypotheses. - : Churchill Livingstone. - 1532-2777. ; 73, s. 336-337
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Malignant glioma and glioblastoma multiforme form the largest group of highly malignant brain tumours, for which there is yet no definitive cure. Different approaches to treatment have been tried, in vain or with minimal benefit for the patient. In addition to surgery, radiation and chemotherapy, immunotherapy aiming at evoking an inflammatory reaction against the tumour itself has been tried. Immunotherapy has shown good results in an experimental mouse model, but no convincing efficacy/success in patients. Why are the gliomas always winning, how do they take the lead? The following phenomena lead us to propose an hypothesis about the reason for the glioma lead: the reported findings of phagocytic activity in reactive and neoplastic astrocytes in animal models and humans; the frequently observed ingested "non-self material"/debris in glioma cells; the markedly high contents of tumour cells with phagocytic phenotype in gliomas and the signs of only limited and temporary inflammatory reactions in different immunotherapy attempts. Whether it being a true phagocytosis, an engulfing or comparable activity by the glioma cells, contributing to the tumour's self defense against e.g. antitumoural therapies, it should be beneficial to attempt hampering these self defense properties e.g. by blocking their engulfing capacity.
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26.
  • Persson, Oscar, et al. (författare)
  • Microarray analysis of gliomas reveals chromosomal position-associated gene expression patterns and identifies potential immunotherapy targets.
  • 2007
  • Ingår i: Journal of Neuro-Oncology. - : Springer. - 1573-7373. ; 85:J1, s. 11-24
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Gliomas are among the most aggressive malignant tumors and the most refractory to therapy, in part due to the propensity for malignant cells to disseminate diffusely throughout the brain. Here, we have used 27 K cDNA microarrays to investigate global gene expression changes between normal brain and high-grade glioma (glioblastoma multiforme) to try and better understand gliomagenesis and to identify new therapeutic targets. We have also included smaller groups of grade II and grade III tumors of mixed astrocytic and oligodendroglial origin as comparison. We found that the expression of hundreds of genes was significantly correlated to each group, and employed a naive Bayesian classifier with leave-one-out cross-validation to accurately classify the samples. We developed a novel algorithm to analyze the gene expression data from the perspective of chromosomal position, and identified distinct regions of the genome that displayed coordinated expression patterns that correlated significantly to tumor grade. The regions identified corresponded to previously known genetic copy number changes in glioma (e.g. 10q23, 10q25, 7q, 7p) as well as regions not previously associated significantly with glioma (e.g. 1p13, 6p22). Furthermore, to enrich for more suitable targets for therapy, we took a bioinformatics approach and annotated our signatures with two published datasets that identified membrane/secreted genes from cytosolic genes. The resulting focused list of 31 genes included interesting novel potential targets as well as several proteins already being investigated for immunotherapy (e.g. CD44 and tenascin-C). Software for the chromosome analysis was developed and is freely available at http://base.thep.lu.se.
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27.
  • Pfenninger, Cosima, et al. (författare)
  • CD133 is not present on neurogenic astrocytes in the adult subventricular zone, but on embryonic neural stem cells, ependymal cells, and glioblastoma cells
  • 2007
  • Ingår i: Cancer Research. - : American Association for Cancer Research Inc.. - 1538-7445. ; 67:12, s. 5727-5736
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Human brain tumor stem cells have been enriched using antibodies against the surface protein CD133. An antibody recognizing CD133 also served to isolate normal neural stem cells from fetal human brain, suggesting a possible lineage relationship between normal neural and brain tumor stem cells. Whether CD133-positive brain tumor stem cells can be derived from CD133-positive neural stem or progenitor cells still requires direct experimental evidence, and an important step toward such investigations is the identification and characterization of normal CD133-presenting cells in neurogenic regions of the embryonic and adult brain. Here, we present evidence that CD133 is a marker for embryonic neural stem cells, an intermediate radial glial/ependymal cell type in the early postnatal stage, and for ependymal cells in the adult brain, but not for neurogenic astrocytes in the adult subventricular zone. Our findings suggest two principal possibilities for the origin of brain tumor stem cells: a derivation from CD133-expressing cells, which are normally not present in the adult brain (embryonic neural stem cells and an early postnatal intermediate radial glial/ependymal cell type), or from CD133-positive ependymal cells in the adult brain, which are, however, generally regarded as postmitotic. Alternatively, brain tumor stem cells could be derived from proliferative but CD133-negative neurogenic astrocytes in the adult brain. In the latter case, brain tumor development would involve the production of CD133.
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29.
  • Rebetz, Johan, et al. (författare)
  • Glial Progenitor-Like Phenotype in Low-Grade Glioma and Enhanced CD133-Expression and Neuronal Lineage Differentiation Potential in High-Grade Glioma
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: PLoS ONE. - : Public Library of Science (PLoS). - 1932-6203. ; 10:6, s. 1107-1107
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: While neurosphere-as well as xenograft tumor-initiating cells have been identified in gliomas, the resemblance between glioma cells and neural stem/progenitor cells as well as the prognostic value of stem/progenitor cell marker expression in glioma are poorly clarified. Methodology/Principal Findings: Viable glioma cells were characterized for surface marker expression along the glial genesis hierarchy. Six low-grade and 17 high-grade glioma specimens were flow-cytometrically analyzed for markers characteristics of stem cells (CD133); glial progenitors (PDGFR alpha, A2B5, O4, and CD44); and late oligodendrocyte progenitors (O1). In parallel, the expression of glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP), synaptophysin and neuron-specific enolase (NSE) was immunohistochemically analyzed in fixed tissue specimens. Irrespective of the grade and morphological diagnosis of gliomas, glioma cells concomitantly expressed PDGFRa, A2B5, O4, CD44 and GFAP. In contrast, O1 was weakly expressed in all low-grade and the majority of high-grade glioma specimens analyzed. Co-expression of neuronal markers was observed in all high-grade, but not low-grade, glioma specimens analyzed. The rare CD133 expressing cells in low-grade glioma specimens typically co-expressed vessel endothelial marker CD31. In contrast, distinct CD133 expression profiles in up to 90% of CD45-negative glioma cells were observed in 12 of the 17 high-grade glioma specimens and the majority of these CD133 expressing cells were CD31 negative. The CD133 expression correlates inversely with length of patient survival. Surprisingly, cytogenetic analysis showed that gliomas contained normal and abnormal cell karyotypes with hitherto indistinguishable phenotype. Conclusions/Significance: This study constitutes an important step towards clarification of lineage commitment and differentiation blockage of glioma cells. Our data suggest that glioma cells may resemble expansion of glial lineage progenitor cells with compromised differentiation capacity downstream of A2B5 and O4 expression. The concurrent expression of neuronal markers demonstrates that high-grade glioma cells are endowed with multi-lineage differentiation potential in vivo. Importantly, enhanced CD133 expression marks a poor prognosis in gliomas.
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  • Resultat 21-30 av 37
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