SwePub
Sök i SwePub databas

  Utökad sökning

Träfflista för sökning "WFRF:(Erfurth Eva Marie) srt2:(2000-2004)"

Sökning: WFRF:(Erfurth Eva Marie) > (2000-2004)

  • Resultat 1-10 av 15
  • [1]2Nästa
Sortera/gruppera träfflistan
   
NumreringReferensOmslagsbildHitta
1.
  •  
2.
  •  
3.
  •  
4.
  • Link, Katarina, et al. (författare)
  • Low individualized growth hormone (GH) dose increased renal and cardiac growth in young adults with childhood onset GH deficiency
  • 2001
  • Ingår i: Clinical Endocrinology. - : Wiley-Blackwell. - 1365-2265. ; 55:6, s. 741-748
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • OBJECTIVE In childhood onset GH deficiency (GHD) a reduction in left ventricular mass (LV-mass) and impairment of systolic function as well an impairment in glomerular filtration rate (GFR) has been shown. The aim of the present study was to assess if a low GH dose resulted in an improvement in morphological and functional parameters of these organs. DESIGN AND PATIENTS Eleven patients with childhood onset GHD were investigated before and after 10 months of GH treatment at a dose of 1.5 IU/day (range 1-2), corresponding to 0.02 IU/kg/day or 7 mug/kg/day. The GH dose resulted in a serum IGF-I level in the normal range in all but one patient. MEASUREMENTS Doppler echocardiography of the heart and ultrasound examination of the kidneys was performed. Glomerular filtration rate (GFR) was estimated with iohexol clearance and urinary proteinuria was measured with 24-h urinary samples collected for analyses of albumin, alpha-1-microglobulin, IgG and albumin/creatinine clearance ratio. Body composition was measured by bioelectric impedance analysis. RESULTS L V-mass index increased significantly after GH treatment (P = 0.04), and there was a clear trend for a positive correlation between the increase in serum IGF-I and the increase in LV-mass index, although it did not reach significance (r = 0.57, P = 0.07). GH treatment did not increase cardiac fractional shortening. Kidney length increased significantly (P = 0.02) with an average increase of 1 cm (range -0.5-1.5 cm). No significant changes in median GFR or serum creatinine were recorded. Three patients with subnormal GFR before GH treatment normalized after 10 months of treatment. Urine analysis showed no abnormalities before or after GH treatment. A significant decrease in percentage fat mass was recorded (P = 0.03). CONCLUSION A low individualized GH dose to adults with childhood onset GHD resulted in an increase in LV-mass index and kidney length. Re-establishing GH treatment with a low dose in this patient group can lead to a further somatic maturation of these organs, probably not accomplished previously.
  •  
5.
  • Bülow, Birgitta, et al. (författare)
  • High incidence of mental disorders, reduced mental well-being and cognitive function in hypopituitary women with GH deficiency treated for pituitary disease
  • 2002
  • Ingår i: Clinical Endocrinology. - : Wiley-Blackwell. - 1365-2265. ; 56:2, s. 183-193
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • OBJECTIVE: Previous studies have shown possible neuroendocrine effects of GH. In the present study we investigated the incidence of mental disorders and the prevalence of mental distress and cognitive dysfunction in hypopituitary women with untreated GH deficiency compared to population-based controls.DESIGN AND PATIENTS: Thirty-three hypopituitary women with a median age of 64 years (range 39--77 years) were investigated cross-sectionally, without any change in hormone substitutions. Twenty-nine of the patients had been operated for a pituitary tumour, 25 had received radiotherapy and 15 had visual dysfunction. The patients were with a very high probability GH deficient, as 29 had subnormal IGF-I levels and the other four were GH deficient as assessed by an insulin tolerance test. The patients were compared with 33 controls matched for sex, age, smoking habits, educational level and residence.MEASUREMENTS: The incidence of mental disorders was calculated from the date of diagnosed hypopituitarism to the time of the present investigation. Mental well-being was assessed by three self-rating questionnaires: the Symptom Checklist-90 (SCL-90), the Interview Schedule for Social Interaction (ISSI) and the social network concept. The subjects were examined with neuropsychological tests of vocabulary (SRB:1 vocabulary test), perceptual speed (WAIS-R Digit Symbol), spatial ability (WAIS-R Block Design), verbal memory (Cronholm--Molander verbal memory test), spatial learning (Austin Maze Test) and reaction time (APT Two-way Reaction Time and APT Inhibition).RESULTS: The hypopituitary women had a higher incidence of mental disorders than the controls; Incidence Rate Ratio 4.5 (95% CI 1.0--21). The Global Severity Index, i.e. the average score of all 90 questions of the SCL-90, was higher in patients (P = 0.001), and the patients had significantly more symptoms of somatization, anxiety, depression, obsession--compulsion, hostility--irritability, phobic and psychotic symptoms (all P less-than-or-equal 0.04). Moreover, 14 patients compared to four controls were classified as possible cases of mental distress according to the SCL-90 (P = 0.006). The patients experienced lower availability of both social attachment (P = 0.02) and integration (P = 0.001), but there were no group differences in the adequacy of these dimensions or in emotional support. The patients had lower scores in four of seven neuropsychological tests (all P less-than-or-equal 0.04).CONCLUSIONS: The hypopituitary women had a higher incidence of mental disorders, more symptoms of mental distress and increased prevalence of cognitive dysfunction. The impaired results in the patients could possibly be explained by several factors, such as transfrontal surgery, radiotherapy, visual dysfunction and unphysiological hormone substitution. Moreover, it is probable that GH deficiency contributed, but placebo-controlled double-blind studies are warranted to investigate whether the psychological dysfunction is reversible on GH substitution.
  •  
6.
  • Bulow, B., et al. (författare)
  • Increased leptin and tumour necrosis factor alpha per unit fat mass in hypopituitary women without growth hormone treatment
  • 2001
  • Ingår i: European Journal of Endocrinology. - : Society of the European Journal of Endocrinology. - 1479-683X. ; 145:6, s. 737-742
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: The adipocyte products, leptin and tumour necrosis factor (TNF)alpha are associated with atherosclerotic diseases and may be factors contributing to the enhanced cardiovascular risk in hypopituitary patients with growth hormone (GH) deficiency. Objective: To investigate whether leptin and TNF alpha are increased in a group of hypopituitary women previously found to have increased cardiovascular morbidity, and to compare them with matched individuals of the same sex and age and with similar body composition. Design and Patients: Thirty-three GH-deficient women with a median age of 64 years (range 39-77 years) were investigated cross-sectionally. The patients were compared with 33 controls matched for sex, age, smoking habits, educational level and residence. Methods: Body composition was measured by bioimpedance analysis. Fasting concentrations of leptin, TNF alpha and insulin were analysed in patients and controls. Results: There was no significant difference in body mass index or fat mass between patients and controls (both P greater than or equal to 0.4). Serum leptin did not differ significantly between patients and controls. However, when serum leptin concentrations were expressed per kilogram fat mass, the patients had significantly greater concentrations (P = 0.01). Serum TNF alpha and TNF alpha per kilogram fat mass were also significantly greater in the patients (both P = 0.001). In contrast, serum insulin did not differ significantly between patients and controls. In the patients, serum leptin concentrations correlated positively with kilogram fat mass (r = 0.54, P = 0.002). Leptin concentration per kilogram fat mass was positively correlated with insulin (r = 0.40. P = 0.03). Conclusions: In contrast to serum concentrations of TNF alpha. serum leptin did not differ from that in controls, implying that leptin is not a major contributor to the previously found increase in cardiovascular morbidity in the hypopituitary women investigated. However, the patients had increased leptin concentrations per unit fat mass, indicating an altered adipocyte secretory function in this group.
  •  
7.
  •  
8.
  • Bülow, B, et al. (författare)
  • The gender differences in growth hormone-binding protein and leptin persist in 80-year-old men and women and is not caused by sex hormones.
  • 2003
  • Ingår i: Clinical Endocrinology. - : Wiley-Blackwell. - 1365-2265. ; 59:4, s. 6-482
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • objective Leptin and growth hormone-binding protein (GHBP) both show gender differences that might be explained by sex hormones. To study the potential relevance of oestradiol and testosterone, we have examined 80-year-old subjects in whom oestradiol is higher in men than in women. The interrelationships between leptin, insulin, GHBP and fat mass in this age group were also investigated. design and subjects Ninety-four subjects (55 females and 39 males), all 80 years old, were investigated in a community-based study. None of the investigated subjects was being treated for diabetes mellitus and none of the women had oestrogen replacement. methods Levels of testosterone, oestradiol, SHBG, IGF-I, GHBP, glucose, insulin and leptin were analysed. Body composition was measured with bioimpedance analysis (BIA). results As in younger age groups, serum leptin, the ratio leptin/kilogram fat mass and serum GHBP were higher in the women (all, P <= 0·007), although serum oestradiol was higher in the men (P < 0·001). There were no significant associations between sex hormones and leptin or GHBP either in women or in men (all, r < 0·13, P > 0·1). Leptin correlated to kilogram fat mass in both women (r = 0·55, P < 0·001) and men (r = 0·47, P = 0·003), but in contrast, there were no significant correlations between GHBP and fat mass and GHBP and IGF-I, either in women or in men (all, r < 0·24, P > 0·2). Insulin and leptin were significantly associated with GHBP, both in women (r = 0·48, P < 0·001 and r = 0·43, P = 0·001, respectively) and in men (r = 0·40, P = 0·01 and r = 0·34, P = 0·03, respectively). conclusions Although the 80-year-old men had higher oestradiol levels than the women, the women had higher levels of leptin and GHBP. There were no correlations between sex hormones and leptin and GHBP, which indicates that the gender differences are not caused by sex hormones in old age. In contrast to studies in younger subjects, GHBP did not correlate to fat mass in the investigated 80-year-old men and women. In the older subjects investigated, as in younger subjects, GHBP was significantly correlated with leptin and insulin.
  •  
9.
  •  
10.
  • Erfurth, Eva Marie, et al. (författare)
  • Incidence of a second tumor in hypopituitary patients operated for pituitary tumors
  • 2001
  • Ingår i: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism. - : Oxford University Press. - 1945-7197. ; 86:2, s. 659-662
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Recently, an association between increased blood levels of insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) and increased risks of prostate, breast, lung, and colorectal cancers has been suggested. As today adults with GH deficiency are subjected to GH substitution, there is a pressing need for baseline tumor incidence data. The aim of the study was to assess the risk for a second tumor in a cohort of 328 patients with hypopituitarism treated for a pituitary tumor from 1958-1992. The patients were receiving conventional hormone treatment, but without GH substitution. The overall tumor incidence [standardized incidence ratio (SIR)] was lower than expected (0.85), but the 95% confidence interval (CI) did not exclude unity (0.59-1.21). Only two prostate cancers occurred (SIR, 0.34; 95% CI, 0.04-1.24). Two brain tumors (SIR, 1.96; 95% CI, 0.24-7.08) and two endocrine tumors (part of multiple endocrine neoplasm syndromes; SIR, 4.00; 95% CI, 0.48-14.5) had occurred. When excluding brain and endocrine tumors, the overall SIR decreased to 0.77, but did still not differ significantly from unity (0.52-1.13). Thus, a tendency for a decreased overall tumor risk, although not statistically significant, was noted, especially when excluding brain and endocrine tumors. This tendency was more emphasized for prostate cancer, but low numbers hamper a firm conclusion. These results may serve as a baseline for tumor risk among adult patients with pituitary insufficiency supplemented with GH.
  •  
Skapa referenser, mejla, bekava och länka
  • Resultat 1-10 av 15
  • [1]2Nästa

Kungliga biblioteket hanterar dina personuppgifter i enlighet med EU:s dataskyddsförordning (2018), GDPR. Läs mer om hur det funkar här.
Så här hanterar KB dina uppgifter vid användning av denna tjänst.

 
pil uppåt Stäng

Kopiera och spara länken för att återkomma till aktuell vy