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Träfflista för sökning "WFRF:(Galaz Victor) srt2:(2010-2014)"

Sökning: WFRF:(Galaz Victor) > (2010-2014)

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2.
  • Duit, Andreas, et al. (författare)
  • Governance, complexity, and resilience
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Global Environmental Change. - Guildford, Surrey : Butterworth-Heinemann, publ. in cooperation with the United Nations. - 0959-3780 .- 1872-9495. ; 20:3, s. 363-368
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • This special issue brings together prominent scholars to explore novel multilevel governance challenges posed by the behavior of dynamic and complex social-ecological systems. Here we expand and investigate the emerging notion of “resilience” as a perspective for understanding how societies can cope with, and develop from, disturbances and change. As the contributions to the special issue illustrate, resilience thinking in its current form contains substantial normative and conceptual difficulties for the analysis of social systems. However, a resilience approach to governance issues also shows a great deal of promise as it enables a more refined understanding of the dynamics of rapid, interlinked and multiscale change. This potential should not be underestimated as institutions and decision-makers try to deal with converging trends of global interconnectedness and increasing pressure on social-ecological systems.
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3.
  • Folke, Carl, et al. (författare)
  • Reconnecting to the biosphere
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: Ambio. - : Springer Verlag (Germany). - 0044-7447 .- 1654-7209. ; 40:7, s. 719-738
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Humanity has emerged as a major force in the operation of the biosphere, with a significant imprint on the Earth System, challenging social-ecological resilience. This new situation calls for a fundamental shift in perspectives, world views, and institutions. Human development and progress must be reconnected to the capacity of the biosphere and essential ecosystem services to be sustained. Governance challenges include a highly interconnected and faster world, cascading social-ecological interactions and planetary boundaries that create vulnerabilities but also opportunities for social-ecological change and transformation. Tipping points and thresholds highlight the importance of understanding and managing resilience. New modes of flexible governance are emerging. A central challenge is to reconnect these efforts to the changing preconditions for societal development as active stewards of the Earth System. We suggest that the Millennium Development Goals need to be reframed in such a planetary stewardship context combined with a call for a new social contract on global sustainability. The ongoing mind shift in human relations with Earth and its boundaries provides exciting opportunities for societal development in collaboration with the biosphere-a global sustainability agenda for humanity.
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4.
  • Galaz, Victor, et al. (författare)
  • Can web crawlers revolutionize ecological monitoring?
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment. - 1540-9295. ; 8:2, s. 99-104
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Despite recent advances, ecosystem service monitoring is limited by insufficient data, the complexity of social-ecological systems, and poor integration of information that tracks changes in ecosystems and economic activities. However, new information and communication technologies are revolutionizing the generation of, and access to, such data. Can researchers who are interested in ecological monitoring tap into these increased flows of information by "mining" the internet to detect "early-warning" signs that may signal abrupt ecological changes? Here, we explore the possibility of using web crawlers and internet-based information to complement conventional ecological monitoring, with a special emphasis on the prospects for avoiding "late warnings"-that is, when ecosystems have already shifted to less desirable states. Using examples from coral reef ecosystems, we explore the untapped potential, as well as the limitations, of relying on web-based information to monitor ecosystem services and forewarn us of negative ecological shifts.
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5.
  • Galaz, Victor (författare)
  • Den planetära ingenjörskonsten
  • 2010
  • Annan publikation (populärvet., debatt m.m.)abstract
    • Man kan tala om nio processer som tillsammans kontrollerar jorden som naturligt system – och som reglerar de resurser som våra liv är så beroende av. En viktig diskussion bland naturvetare gäller om det behövs mätbara planetära gränsvärden för dessa processer, kritiska nivåer som hjälper oss att vrida utvecklingen åt rätt håll.
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  • Galaz, Victor (författare)
  • Ingenjörerna som försöker rädda Jorden
  • 2011
  • Annan publikation (populärvet., debatt m.m.)abstract
    • KLIMATHOTET. Rymdspeglar och konstgjorda träd är ett par av de sätt att rädda jorden från klimatförändringar som geoingenjörerna sätter sitt hopp till. En rad nya böcker reder ut tekniska, politiska och filosofiska frågeställningar.
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9.
  • Galaz, Victor, et al. (författare)
  • Institutional and political leadership dimensions of cascading ecological crises
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: Public Administration. - : Wiley-Blackwell. - 0033-3298 .- 1467-9299. ; 89:2, s. 361-380
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • While some of the future impacts of global environmental change such as some aspects of climate change can be projected and prepared for in advance, other effects are likely to surface as surprises - that is situations in which the behaviour in a system, or across systems, differs qualitatively from expectations. Here we analyse a set of institutional and political leadership challenges posed by 'cascading' ecological crises: abrupt ecological changes that propagate into societal crises that move through systems and spatial scales. We illustrate their underlying social and ecological drivers, and a range of institutional and political leadership challenges, which have been insufficiently elaborated by either crisis management researchers or institutional scholars. We conclude that even though these sorts of crises have parallels to other contingencies, there are a number of major differences resulting from the combination of a lack of early warnings, abrupt ecological change, and the mismatch between decision-making capabilities and the cross-scale dynamics of social-ecological change.
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10.
  • Galaz, Victor, et al. (författare)
  • Planetary boundaries : exploring the challenges for global environmental governance
  • 2011
  • Rapport (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • A range of studies from Earth system scientists argue that human activities drives multiple, interacting effects that cascade through the Earth system. Recent contributions state and quantify nine, interacting «planetary boundaries» with possible threshold effects. This article provides an overview of the Earth system governance challenges that follow from this notion of multiple, interacting and possibly non-linear «planetary boundaries». Here we discuss four interrelated global governance challenges, as well as some possible ways to address them in future research. The four identified challenges are related to 1) the interplay between Earth system science and global policies; 2) the capacity of international institutions to deal with individual planetary boundaries, as well as interactions between them; 3) the role of international organizations in dealing with planetary boundaries interactions; and 4) the role of Earth system governance in framing social-ecological innovations.
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