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Sökning: WFRF:(Garcia Larsen Vanessa) > (2021)

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  • Bernier-Jean, Amelie, et al. (författare)
  • Self-Reported Physical Activity and Survival in Adults Treated With Hemodialysis : A DIET-HD Cohort Study
  • 2021
  • Ingår i: Kidney International Reports. - : Elsevier. - 2468-0249. ; 6:12, s. 3014-3025
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Introduction: Regular physical activity is associated with longevity in adults receiving hemodialysis, but it is uncertain whether this association varies by causal pathways (cardiovascular and noncardiovascular). Methods: DIET-HD was a prospective, multinational study of adults undergoing hemodialysis across Europe and Argentina. We classified participants as physically inactive, occasionally active (irregularly to once a week), or frequently active (twice a week or more), using a self-reported questionnaire. Potential confounders were balanced across exposure groups using propensity scores. Weighted Cox proportional hazards models with double robust estimators evaluated the association between physical activity and all-cause, cardiovascular, and noncardiovascular mortality. Results: Of 8043 participants in DIET-HD, 6147 (76%) had information on physical activity. A total of 2940 (48%) were physically inactive, 1981 (32%) occasionally active, and 1226 (20%) frequently active. In a median follow-up of 3.8 years (19,677 person-years), 2337 (38%) deaths occurred, including 1050 (45%) from cardiovascular causes. After propensity score weighting, occasional physical activity was associated with lower all-cause (adjusted hazard ratio [aHR] = 0.80, 95% CI = 0.72–0.89), cardiovascular (aHR = 0.82, 95% CI = 0.70–0.96), and noncardiovascular (aHR = 0.81, 95% CI = 0.69–0.94) mortality compared with inactivity. Frequent physical activity was associated with lower all-cause (aHR = 0.82, 95% CI = 0.71–0.95) and cardiovascular (aHR = 0.77, 95% CI = 0.62–0.94) mortality, but not noncardiovascular mortality (aHR = 0.88, 95% CI = 0.72–1.08). A dose-dependent association of physical activity with cardiovascular death was observed (P trend = 0.01). Conclusion: Compared with self-reported physical inactivity, occasional and frequent physical activities were associated, dose dependently, with lower cardiovascular mortality in adults receiving hemodialysis.
  • Triebner, Kai, et al. (författare)
  • Ultraviolet radiation as a predictor of sex hormone levels in postmenopausal women : A European multi-center study (ECRHS)
  • 2021
  • Ingår i: Maturitas. - : Elsevier. - 0378-5122 .- 1873-4111. ; 145, s. 49-55
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: Solar ultraviolet radiation (UVR) affects the body through pathways that exhibit positive as well as negative health effects such as immunoregulation and vitamin D production. Different vitamin D metabolites are associated with higher or lower concentrations of estrogens and may thus alter the female sex hormone balance.Objective: To study whether exposure to UVR, as a modifiable lifestyle factor, is associated with levels of sex hormones (17β-estradiol, estrone, estrone 3-sulfate, testosterone, dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate), gonadotropins (follicle stimulating hormone, luteinizing hormone) as well as sex hormone binding globulin in postmenopausal women, and thus investigate whether managing UVR exposure can influence the hormone balance, with potential benefits for the biological aging process.Methods: The study included 580 postmenopausal women from six European countries, participating in the European Community Respiratory Health Survey (2010–2014). Average UVR exposure during the month before blood sampling was estimated based on personal sun behavior and ambient levels. Hormone concentrations were measured in serum using state-of-the-art methods. Subsequently we applied linear mixed-effects models, including center as random intercept, hormone concentrations (one at a time) as outcome and UVR, age, skin type, body mass index, vitamin D from dietary sources, smoking, age at completed full-time education and season of blood sampling as fixed-effect predictors.Results: One interquartile range increase in UVR exposure was associated with decreased levels of 17β-estradiol (-15.6 pmol/L, 95 % Confidence Interval (CI): -27.69, -3.51) and estrone (-13.36 pmol/L, 95 % CI: -26.04, -0.68) and increased levels of follicle stimulating hormone (9.34IU/L, 95 % CI: 2.91, 15.77) and luteinizing hormone (13.86 IU/daL, 95 % CI: 2.48, 25.25).Conclusions: Exposure to UVR is associated with decreased estrogens and increased gonadotropins in postmenopausal women, a status associated with osteoporosis, lung function decline and other adverse health effects. This study indicates that managing UVR exposure has potential to influence the hormone balance and counteract adverse health conditions after menopause.
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