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Träfflista för sökning "WFRF:(Grinberg Daniel) srt2:(2006-2009)"

Sökning: WFRF:(Grinberg Daniel) > (2006-2009)

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1.
  • Rich, Rebecca L., et al. (författare)
  • A global benchmark study using affinity-based biosensors
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Analytical Biochemistry. - 0003-2697 .- 1096-0309. ; 386:2, s. 194-216
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • To explore the variability in biosensor studies, 150 participants from 20 countries were given the same protein samples and asked to determine kinetic rate constants for the interaction. We chose a protein system that was amenable to analysis using different biosensor platforms as well as by users of different expertise levels. The two proteins (a 50-kDa Fab and a 60-kDa glutathione S-transferase [GST] antigen) form a relatively high-affinity complex, so participants needed to optimize several experimental parameters, including ligand immobilization and regeneration conditions as well as analyte concentrations and injection/dissociation times. Although most participants collected binding responses that could be fit to yield kinetic parameters, the quality of a few data sets could have been improved by optimizing the assay design. Once these outliers were removed, the average reported affinity across the remaining panel of participants was 620 pM with a standard deviation of 980 pM. These results demonstrate that when this biosensor assay was designed and executed appropriately, the reported rate constants were consistent, and independent of which protein was immobilized and which biosensor was used.
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2.
  • Stewart, Tracy L, et al. (författare)
  • Haplotypes defined by promoter and intron 1 polymorphisms of the COLIA1 gene regulate bone mineral density in women
  • 2006
  • Ingår i: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism. - : Oxford University Press. - 1945-7197. ; 91:9, s. 3575-3583
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • CONTEXT: The COLIA1 gene is a strong candidate for susceptibility to osteoporosis. The causal genetic variants are currently unclear, but the most likely are functional polymorphisms in the promoter and intron 1 of COLIA1. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to determine whether promoter and intron 1 polymorphisms of COLIA1 or haplotypes defined by these polymorphisms regulate bone mineral density (BMD) in women. DESIGN: This was a population-based association study involving 3270 women from the United Kingdom who took part in a regional osteoporosis screening program. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: BMD at the lumbar spine (LS-BMD) and femoral neck (FN-BMD) was measured on two occasions approximately 6 yr apart, in relation to polymorphisms and haplotypes defined by polymorphisms within the COLIA1 intron 1 (+1245G/T; rs1800012) and promoter (-1997G/T; rs1107946; -1663IndelT; rs2412298). RESULTS: The polymorphisms were in strong linkage disequilibrium, and three haplotypes accounted for more than 95% of alleles at the COLIA1 locus. The individual polymorphisms were associated with BMD, but the most consistent associations were with haplotypes defined by all three polymorphisms. Homozygote carriers of haplotype 2 (-1997G/-1663delT/+1245T) had reduced BMD at baseline (P = 0.007 for LS-BMD; P = 0.008 for FN-BMD), whereas homozygotes for haplotype 3 (-1997T/-1663insT/+1245G) had increased BMD (P = 0.007 for LS-BMD). Similar associations were observed at follow-up for haplotype 3, but the association with haplotype 2 was weaker due to increased uptake of hormone replacement therapy in homozygotes for this haplotype. CONCLUSIONS: Two haplotypes defined by polymorphisms in the 5' flank of the COLIA1 regulate BMD in a bidirectional manner in women.
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3.
  • Uitterlinden, André G, et al. (författare)
  • The association between common vitamin D receptor gene variations and osteoporosis : a participant-level meta-analysis
  • 2006
  • Ingår i: Annals of Internal Medicine. - : American College of Physicians. - 0003-4819. ; 145:4, s. 255-264
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND: Polymorphisms of the vitamin D receptor (VDR) gene have been implicated in the genetic regulation of bone mineral density (BMD). However, the clinical impact of these variants remains unclear.OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the relation between VDR polymorphisms, BMD, and fractures.DESIGN: Prospective multicenter large-scale association study.SETTING: The Genetic Markers for Osteoporosis consortium, involving 9 European research teams.PARTICIPANTS: 26,242 participants (18,405 women).MEASUREMENTS: Cdx2 promoter, FokI, BsmI, ApaI, and TaqI polymorphisms; BMD at the femoral neck and the lumbar spine by dual x-ray absorptiometry; and fractures.RESULTS: Comparisons of BMD at the lumbar spine and femoral neck showed nonsignificant differences less than 0.011 g/cm2 for any genotype with or without adjustments. A total of 6067 participants reported a history of fracture, and 2088 had vertebral fractures. For all VDR alleles, odds ratios for fractures were very close to 1.00 (range, 0.98 to 1.02) and collectively the 95% CIs ranged from 0.94 (lowest) to 1.07 (highest). For vertebral fractures, we observed a 9% (95% CI, 0% to 18%; P = 0.039) risk reduction for the Cdx2 A-allele (13% risk reduction in a dominant model).LIMITATIONS: The authors analyzed only selected VDR polymorphisms. Heterogeneity was detected in some analyses and may reflect some differences in collection of fracture data across cohorts. Not all fractures were related to osteoporosis.CONCLUSIONS: The FokI, BsmI, ApaI, and TaqI VDR polymorphisms are not associated with BMD or with fractures, but the Cdx2 polymorphism may be associated with risk for vertebral fractures.
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