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Sökning: WFRF:(Himmelmann Anders) > (2005-2009)

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  • Almgren, Torbjörn, 1959, et al. (författare)
  • Diabetes in treated hypertension is common and carries a high cardiovascular risk: results from a 28-year follow-up.
  • 2007
  • Ingår i: Journal of hypertension. - 0263-6352. ; 25:6, s. 1311-7
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to analyse predictive factors for development of type 2 diabetes during life-long therapy for hypertension and the alleged additional cardiovascular risk this constitutes. METHODS: The study group (n = 754) comprised the hypertensive subgroup of a randomized population sample of 7500 men, aged 47-54 years, screened for cardiovascular risk factors and followed for 25-28 years. The patients were treated with thiazide diuretics and beta-adrenergic blocking drugs with the addition of hydralazin during the first decade. Calcium antagonists were substituted for hydralazin and, if needed, angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors were added when these drugs became available. RESULTS: A total of 148 (20.4%) treated hypertensive patients developed diabetes during 25 years, and in multivariate Cox regression analysis body mass index, serum triglycerides and treatment with beta-blockers were positively related with this complication. New-onset diabetes implied a significantly increased risk for stroke [hazard ratio (HR): 1.67; 95% confidence interval (95% CI): 1.1-2.6; P < 0.05], myocardial infarction (OR: 1.66; 95% CI: 1.1-2.5; P < 0.05) and mortality (OR: 1.42; 95% CI: 1.1-1.9; P < 0.05). The greatest risk for stroke was new-onset diabetes, followed by smoking (OR: 1.46; 95% CI: 1-2.2; P = 0.07) and the greatest risk for myocardial infarction was new-onset diabetes, followed by smoking (HR: 1.64; 95% CI: 1.1-2.4; P < 0.01). The greatest risk for mortality was smoking (HR: 1.73; 95% CI: 1.3-2.2; P < 0.005). Achieved systolic and diastolic blood pressure were not predictive of cardiovascular complications or death. The mean observation time from onset of diabetes mellitus to a first stroke was 9.1 years and to a first myocardial infarction 9.3 years. CONCLUSION: Diabetes in treated hypertensive patients is alarmingly common and carries a high risk for cardiovascular complications and mortality.
  • Kyllerman, Mårten, 1941, et al. (författare)
  • Late cerebral graft versus host reaction in a bone marrow transplanted girl with Hurler (MPS I) disease.
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: Neuropediatrics. - : Georg Thieme Verlag KG. - 0174-304X .- 1439-1899. ; 39:5, s. 249-51
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • A girl with Hurler disease (MPS IH) underwent allogeneic stem cell transplantation at 13 months of age with her one HLA-B antigen mismatch mother as donor. The procedure was complicated by cerebral hemorrhage and a ventricular-peritoneal shunt device was inserted. Mild GVH reactions were rapidly reversed. One year after transplantation ventriculitis was suspected and the shunt was replaced by a ventricular drainage catheter. Antibiotics had no effect and graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) was diagnosed. All symptoms were reversed by prednisolone and cyclosporine. Increased albumin and pleocytosis in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) normalized concomitantly. Electron microscopy of the CSF sediment showed debris consisting of numerous complex aggregates of thin lamellae and electron dense fragments with a tight lamellar texture. Biochemical analysis of the CSF sediment proved that the debris contained galactosylceramide and sulfatide. The electron microscopic and biochemical findings were interpreted to represent stripping of central myelin as a result of subacute GVHD in the central nervous system and its desquamation from the brain parenchyma into the ventricular CSF through the post-hemorrhage defect. From reversal of the GVHD at 2 years of age until follow-up at 10 years of age the clinical condition remained stable with no recurrence or deterioration.
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