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Träfflista för sökning "WFRF:(Janson Christer) srt2:(2000-2004)"

Sökning: WFRF:(Janson Christer) > (2000-2004)

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1.
  • Amin, Kawa, et al. (författare)
  • Inflammation and structural changes in the airways of patients with atopicand nonatopic asthma : BHR group
  • 2000
  • Ingår i: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine. - 1073-449X .- 1535-4970. ; 162:6, s. 2295-2301
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The aim of the present study was to compare the cellular pattern and structural changes in the airway walls of atopic and nonatopic patients with asthma. Bronchial biopsy specimens were obtained from 13 atopic subjects with asthma, nine nonatopic patients with asthma, and seven healthy control subjects and investigated using immunohistochemical methods. The number of eosinophils increased in both asthma groups, but significantly more in the atopic group. The number of mast cells increased similarly in the two asthma groups, whereas the number of neutrophils increased only in the nonatopic asthma group. The number of T-lymphocytes (CD3-, CD4-, CD8-, CD-25-positive cells) was higher in patients with atopic asthma compared with nonatopic asthma. Interleukin-4 (IL-4) and IL-5-positive cells were more frequently found in the atopic asthma group, whereas cells staining for IL-8 were more frequent in the nonatopic group. The degree of epithelial damage was significantly higher in the atopic asthma group compared with the control subjects and the nonatopic asthmatics. The tenascin and laminin layer was significantly thicker in the atopic group compared with the group of nonatopic asthmatics. In the atopic group, there was a significant negative correlation between epithelial integrity (defined as the relative length of intact epithelium) and the eosinophil count and also between the number of CD25-positive cells and epithelial integrity. The number of mast cells correlated positively with the thickness of tenascin- and laminin-positive layers. In conclusion, we provide evidence of different patterns of involvement of inflammatory cells in atopic and nonatopic patients with asthma. There were also structural differences in the bronchial mucous membrane between atopic asthma and nonatopic asthma. This suggests that there are differences in the extent of the immunopathologic response of these clinically distinct forms of asthma.
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  • Amin, Kawa, et al. (författare)
  • Inflammation and structural changes in the airways of patients with primary Sjogren's syndrome
  • 2001
  • Ingår i: Respiratory Medicine. - 0954-6111 .- 1532-3064. ; 95:11, s. 904-910
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The present study aimed to compare the cellular pattern and structural changes in the airways of patients with primary Sjögren's syndrome (pSS) with healthy controls. Bronchial biopsy specimens were obtained from seven subjects with pSS and seven healthy controls. All the patients with pSS had increased bronchial responsiveness to methacholine. In the biopsies inflammatory cells, cytokine-producing cells, tenascin and laminin were visual zed by immunostaining. Patients with pSS had a higher number of neutrophils and mast cells than healthy controls, while the number of eosinophils was similar in the two groups. The number of IL-8-positive cells was higher in pSS butthe numbers of IL-4-and IL-5-positive cells were not significantly different between pSS and healthy controls. The numbers of T cells in patients with pSS were higher than in healthy controls, while the numbers of CD25-positive cells were similar to the healthy controls. The degree of epithelial integrity in patients with pSS was significantly lower than in the control group and the tenascin and laminin layers were significantly thicker in the pSS group. There was a correlation between the number of mast cells and the thickness of the tenascin and laminin layers in pSS. In conclusion, we found that the cellular pattern in the bronchial mucosa of patients with pSS displayed large numbers of neutrophils, mast cells and T-lymphocytes. These changes in inflammatory cell numbers seemed to relate to the observed increased epithelial damage and structural changes of the subepithelium. The structural findings, but not the pattern of inflammatory cells, are shared with atopic asthma and may relate to the increased bronchial hyper-responsiveness seen in both diseases.
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  • Appelberg, Jonas (författare)
  • Ventilation and Lung Volume During Sleep and in Obstructive Sleep Apnea
  • 2003
  • Doktorsavhandling (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) appears to affect up to 5% of the population. The extent to what pulmonary function awake and during sleep relates to obstructive breathing and hypoxemia during sleep in these patients is unclear. The aim of this study was to investigate respiratory function in patients with varying degree of snoring and OSA and to analyse regional lung aeration during sleep.In all, 35 healthy subjects and 90 patients with snoring and OSA were studied. The ventilatory response to CO2 (VRCO2) was measured. Lung function tests were performed. A technique based on computed tomography was developed to study lung aeration during sleep.Patients with OSA displayed a higher VRCO2 in comparison to healthy subjects and snorers (p<0.01). Increased closing volume and reduced expiratory reserve volume (ERV) were found in patients with OSA (p<0.001). In a multiple regression analysis, ERV was an independent predictor of nocturnal apnea (R2=0.13; p=0.001) and desaturation frequency (R2=0.11; p<0.01). In both healthy subjects and OSA patients, lung aeration was reduced during sleep by 0.10 ml gas/g tissue in the dorsal lung region (p<0.05 and p<0.01). OSA patients had a significantly lower gas/tissue ratio in comparison to healthy subjects both awake (-23%; p<0.04) and during sleep (-25%; p<0.04). In a univariate analysis, functional residual capacity (FRC) correlated with the change in lung aeration from wakefulness to sleep (r=-0.78; p<0.001). In patients with OSA, ERV (r=-0.69; p<0.05) and sleep time (r=0.69; p<0.05) correlated with the fall in lung aeration. In conclusion, patients with OSA display an increased ventilatory response to CO2, reduced ERV and increased closing volume. ERV predicts nocturnal apnea and desaturation frequency to a similar extent as obesity. Lung aeration is reduced in the dorsal region during sleep and patients with OSA display a lower amount of gas in comparison to healthy subjects. Decrease in lung volumes, promoting airway closure, and loss of muscle tone contributed to the altered lung function during sleep.
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  • Choulier, Laurence, et al. (författare)
  • Delineation of a linear epitope by multiple peptide synthesis and phage display
  • 2001
  • Ingår i: JOURNAL OF IMMUNOLOGICAL METHODS. - : ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV. - 0022-1759. ; 249:1-2, s. 253-264
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Two different approaches, the phage display technique and the Spot peptide synthesis on cellulose membranes, were used to identify sequences recognized by Fab 57P specific for tobacco mosaic virus protein (TMVP), and define the preferred chemical composit
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7.
  • Dahlén, Inger, et al. (författare)
  • Changes in inflammatory markers following treatment of acute exacerbationsof obstructive pulmonary disease
  • 2001
  • Ingår i: Respiratory Medicine. - 0954-6111 .- 1532-3064. ; 95:11, s. 891-897
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The aim ofthe study was to investigate changes in inflammatory markers following emergency treatment of obstructive pulmonary disease. The study comprised 43 patients. After acute treatment, they were given either 30 mg of prednisolone p.o. or 1600 microg of inhaled budeson de daily for 1 week. Over the following 3 weeks, all the patients were given 1600 microg of inhaled budesonide daily. Blood samples for measurements of eosinophil cationic protein (S-ECP), eosinophil peroxidase (S-EPO), total eos nophil count (B-Eos), myeloperoxidase (S-MPO) and human neutrophil lipocaline (HNL) were taken and spirometry was performed before emergency treatment and after 1 and 4 weeks. There was no difference in the improvement in forced expiratory volume in 1 sec (FEV1) between patients given prednisolone or budesonide. Patients with an improvement in FEV1 of >20% of baseline after 1 and 4 weeks displayed a larger decrease in eosinophil markers. The correlation between deltaFEV1 and deltaS-ECP was r= -0.37, P < 0.05, deltaS-EPO -0.40, P < 0.01 and deltaB-Eos -0.44, P < 0.01, after 4 weeks. This correlation was highly significant in patients who had smoked < or = 5 pack-years, while the correlation was not significant in patients with a longer smoking history and chronic airflow limitation (best FEV <80% of predicted). We conclude that the change in eosinophil markers is correlated to the improvement in lung function in non-smokers or short-term smokers following the emergency treatment of obstructive pulmonary disease. This study indicates that following eosinophil markers is more useful in patients with asthma than patients with COPD.
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  • Resultat 1-10 av 31
  • [1]234Nästa

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