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Sökning: WFRF:(Jones I) > (2005-2009) > (2009)

  • Resultat 11-20 av 24
  • Föregående 1[2]3Nästa
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11.
  • Myalski, S., et al. (författare)
  • Isomeric Ratios For Nuclei With Z=62-67 And A=142-152 Produced In The Relativistic Fragmentation Of Pb-208
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Acta Physica Polonica. Series B: Elementary Particle Physics, Nuclear Physics, Statistical Physics, Theory of Relativity, Field Theory. - : Jagiellonian University, Cracow, Poland. - 0587-4254. ; 40:3, s. 879-883
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Isomeric states in nuclei with Z = 62-67 and A = 142-152 produced in the fragmentation of the relativistic (1 GeV/nucleon) Pb-208 beam were investigated. Isomeric ratios were determined for 10 isomeric states. Significant differences between theoretical and experimental values were observed.
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12.
  • Podolyak, Zs., et al. (författare)
  • Structure of Neutron-rich Nuclei Around the N=126 Closed Shell; the Yrast Structure of 205Au up to Spin-parity I = (19/2+)
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: European Physical Journal A. - : Springer. - 1434-6001. ; 42:3, s. 489-493
  • Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Heavy neutron-rich nuclei have been populated through the relativistic fragmentation of a Pb-208(82) beam at E/A = 1 GeV on a 2.5 g/cm(2) thick Be target. The synthesised nuclei were selected and identified in-flight using the fragment separator at GSI. Approximately 300 ns after production, the selected nuclei were implanted in an similar to 8 mm thick perspex stopper, positioned at the centre of the RISING gamma-ray detector spectrometer array. A previously unreported isomer with a half-life T-1/2 = 163(5) ns has been observed in the N = 126 closed-shell nucleus Au-205(79). Through gamma-ray singles and gamma-gamma coincidence analysis a level scheme was established. The comparison with a shell model calculation tentatively identifies the spin-parity of the excited states, including the isomer itself, which is found to be I-pi = (19/2(+)).
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13.
  • Podolyak, Zs., et al. (författare)
  • Weakly Deformed Oblate Structures in 198Os
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Physical Review C (Nuclear Physics). - : American Physical Society. - 0556-2813. ; 79:3
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Gamma rays de-exciting isomeric states in the neutron-rich nucleus Os-198(76)122 have been observed following relativistic projectile fragmentation of a 1 GeV per nucleon Pb-208 beam. The ground-state band has properties compatible with oblate deformation. The evolution of the structure of Os isotopes characterized by sudden prolate-oblate shape change is discussed and contrasted with the smooth change known in the Pt chain.
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14.
  • Steer, S. J., et al. (författare)
  • Isomeric Decay Studies In Neutron-Rich N Approximate To 126 Nuclei
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: International Journal Of Modern Physics E-Nuclear Physics. - : World Scientific Publishing. - 0218-3013. ; 18:4, s. 1002-1007
  • Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Heavy neutron-rich nuclei were populated via relativistic energy fragmentation of a E/A= 1 GeV Pb-208 beam. The nuclei of interest were selected and identified by a fragment separator and then implanted in a passive plastic stopper. Delayed. rays following internal isomeric decays were detected by the RISING array. Experimental information was obtained on a number of nuclei with Z=73-80 (Ta-Hg), providing new information both on the prolate-oblate transitional region as well as on the N=126 closed shell nuclei.
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15.
  • Abbasi, R., et al. (författare)
  • The IceCube data acquisition system : Signal capture, digitization, and timestamping
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A. - 0168-9002 .- 1872-9576. ; 601:3, s. 294-316
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • IceCube is a km-scale neutrino observatory under construction at the South Pole with sensors both in the deep ice (InIce) and on the surface (IceTop). The sensors, called Digital Optical Modules (DOMs). detect, digitize and timestamp the signals from optical Cherenkov-radiation photons. The DOM Main Board (MB) data acquisition subsystem is connected to the central DAQ in the IceCube Laboratory (ICL) by a single twisted copper wire-pair and transmits packetized data on demand. Time calibration is maintained throughout the array by regular transmission to the DOMs of precisely timed analog signals, synchronized to a central GPS-disciplined clock. The design goals and consequent features, functional capabilities, and initial performance of the DOM MB, and the operation of a combined array of DOMs as a system, are described here. Experience with the first InIce strings and the IceTop stations indicates that the system design and performance goals have been achieved. (c) 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
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16.
  • Birney, Ewan, et al. (författare)
  • Prepublication data sharing
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Nature. - 0028-0836 .- 1476-4687. ; 461:7261, s. 168-170
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Rapid release of prepublication data has served the field of genomics well. Attendees at a workshop in Toronto recommend extending the practice to other biological data sets.
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17.
  • Chu, V H, et al. (författare)
  • Coagulase-negative staphylococcal prosthetic valve endocarditis--a contemporary update based on the International Collaboration on Endocarditis: prospective cohort study.
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Heart (British Cardiac Society). - 1468-201X. ; 95:7, s. 570-6
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • To describe the contemporary features of coagulase-negative staphylococcal (CoNS) prosthetic valve endocarditis (PVE).Observational study of prospectively collected data from a multinational cohort of patients with infective endocarditis. Patients with CoNS PVE were compared to patients with Staphylococcus aureus and viridans streptococcal (VGS) PVE.The International Collaboration on Endocarditis-Prospective Cohort Study (ICE-PCS) is a contemporary cohort of patients with infective endocarditis from 61 centres in 28 countries.Adult patients in the ICE-PCS with definite PVE and no history of injecting drug use from June 2000 to August 2005 were included.None.Heart failure, intracardiac abscess, death.CoNS caused 16% (n = 86) of 537 cases of definite non-injecting drug use-associated PVE. Nearly one-half (n = 33/69, 48%) of patients with CoNS PVE presented between 60 days and 365 days of valve implantation. The rate of intracardiac abscess was significantly higher in patients with CoNS PVE (38%) than in patients with either S aureus (23%, p = 0.03) or VGS (20%, p = 0.05) PVE. The rate of abscess was particularly high in early (50%) and intermediate (52%) CoNS PVE. In-hospital mortality was 24% for CoNS PVE, 36% for S aureus PVE (p = 0.09) and 9.1% for VGS PVE (p = 0.08). Meticillin resistance was present in 68% of CoNS strains.Nearly one-half of CoNS PVE cases occur between 60 days and 365 days of prosthetic valve implantation. CoNS PVE is associated with a high rate of meticillin resistance and significant valvular complications.
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18.
  • Hadinia, Baharak, et al. (författare)
  • Identification of gamma rays from Au-172 and alpha decays of Au-172, Ir-168, and Re-164
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Physical Review C. Nuclear Physics. - 0556-2813 .- 1089-490X. ; 80:6, s. 064310-
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The very neutron deficient odd-odd nucleus Au-172 was studied in reactions of 342 and 348 MeV Kr-78 beams with an isotopically enriched Ru-96 target. The alpha decays previously reported for Au-172 were confirmed and the decay chain extended down to Tm-152 through the discovery of a new alpha-decaying state in Re-164 [E-alpha=5623(10) keV; t(1/2)=864(-110)(+150) ms; b(alpha)=3(1)%]. Fine structure in these alpha decays of Au-172 and Ir-168 were identified. A new alpha-decaying state was also observed and assigned as the ground state in Au-172 [E-alpha=6762(10) keV; t(1/2)=22(-5)(+6) ms]. This decay chain was also correlated down to Tm-152 through previously reported alpha decays. Prompt gamma rays from excited states in Au-172 have been identified using the recoil-decay tagging technique. The partial level scheme constructed for Au-172 indicates that it has an irregular structure. Possible configurations of the alpha-decaying states in Au-172 are discussed in terms of the systematics of nuclei in this region and total Routhian surface calculations.
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19.
  • Petts, A., et al. (författare)
  • Lifetime measurements and coulomb excitation of light Hg nuclei
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Capture Gamma-Ray Spectroscopy and Related Topics. - : American Institute of Physics (AIP). - 9780735406230 ; , s. 414-418
  • Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Two complementary experimental programs have taken place to investigate the origin and evolution of shape coexistence in the light mercury region. Recoil Distance Doppler-shift measurements were performed at the University of Jyväskylä utilizing the Köln plunger device in conjunction with the JUROGAM + RITU + GREAT setup. In addition, Coulomb excitation measurements of 184,186,188Hg were performed at REX-ISOLDE using the MINIBALL Ge-detector array. The results of the lifetime measurements of the yrast states up to Iπ = 10+ in 182Hg are reported. Preliminary analysis of the Coulomb excitation data is also discussed.
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20.
  • Piehl-Aulin, Karin, 1947-, et al. (författare)
  • Increased serum inflammatory markers in the absence of clinical and skeletal muscle inflammation in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Respiration. - 0025-7931 .- 1423-0356. ; 78:2, s. 191-196
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: Muscle wasting and cachexia are common occurrences in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Objectives: The current study aimed to investigate markers of inflammation in the circulation and skeletal muscle that might be associated with development of muscle wasting. Methods: Three groups of patients with mild, moderate and severe COPD and matched healthy controls were recruited. Serum levels of C-reactive protein (CRP), high-sensitivity CRP (hs-CRP), IL-6, IL-8, TNF-α, cortisol, insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1), leptin and ghrelin were analysed. Skeletal muscle inflammation was investigated microscopically using a panel of antibodies and standard staining for inflammatory cell infiltration. Results: All COPD patients were clinically stable, with no sign of inflammation and normal CRP values. Compared to controls, significantly increased hs-CRP levels were observed in all COPD patient groups. Significant rises in IL-6 levels were first observed in moderate COPD, while IL-8 levels were significantly elevated at the late severe stage. Circulating levels of TNF-α, cortisol, IGF-1, leptin and ghrelin were similar to control levels. No microscopic signs of skeletal muscle inflammation were observed. Conclusion: Our results identify hs-CRP as an early marker of inflammation that is significantly increased in the circulation even in mild COPD. Serum interleukin levels appear to be increased with disease progress. These changes were manifested in the absence of any clinical signs of disease exacerbation, evidence of skeletal muscle inflammation or hormonal changes. © 2009 S. Karger AG, Basel.
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