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Sökning: WFRF:(Jones I) > (2005-2009)

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31.
  • Garnsworthy, A. B., et al. (författare)
  • Isomeric States in Neutron-deficient A~80-90 Nuclei Populated in the Fragmentation of 107Ag
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Physical Review C (Nuclear Physics). - : American Physical Society. - 0556-2813. ; 80:6
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The relativistic projectile fragmentation of a 750 MeV per nucleon beam of Ag-107 was used to populate isomeric states in neutron-deficient nuclei around A=80-90. Reaction products were separated and unambiguously identified using the GSI FRagment Separator (FRS) and its ancillary detectors. At the final focal plane, the fragments were slowed from relativistic energies by means of an aluminium degrader and implanted in a passive stopper in the center of the high-efficiency, high-granularity Stopped Rare Isotope Spectroscopic INvestigation at GSI (RISING) germanium array. This allowed the identification of excited states in the N=Z nuclei Tc-86(43) and, for the first time, Nb-82(41). Isomeric states have also been identified for the first time in Tc-87,Tc-88, and a previously unreported isomer was observed in Nb-84. Experimental results are presented along with a discussion on the structure of these nuclei based on interpretations provided by several theoretical models.
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32.
  • Garnsworthy, A. B., et al. (författare)
  • Isomeric States in the Light Tc Isotopes
  • 2007
  • Ingår i: Acta Physica Polonica. Series B: Elementary Particle Physics, Nuclear Physics, Statistical Physics, Theory of Relativity, Field Theory. - : Jagellonian University, Cracow, Poland. - 0587-4254. ; 38:4, s. 1265-1269
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Preliminary results from the first experiment of the Stopped Beam RISING campaign are presented. The relativistic projectile fragmentation of a 750 MeV/u beam of Ag-107 populated isomeric states in very neutron deficient nuclei at the proton dripline around mass 80-90. Nuclei were unambiguously identified using the FRagment Separator (FRS) and its ancillary detectors located at GSI. The ions produced were slowed down from relativistic energies by means of an Al degrader and implanted in the centre of the high-efficiency Stopped RISING array. This allowed the identification of new excited states in the N = Z = 43 nucleus, Tc-86, populated following the de-excitation of a microsecond isomer. Preliminary results of this analysis, as well as previously unobserved isomeric states in Tc-87,Tc-88. are reported.
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33.
  • Garnsworthy, A B, et al. (författare)
  • Neutron-proton pairing competition in N = Z nuclei: Metastable state decays in the proton dripline nuclei Nb-82(41) and Tc-86(43)
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: Physics Letters. Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High-Energy Physics. - : Elsevier. - 0370-2693. ; 660:4, s. 326-330
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The low-lying structures of the self-conjugate (N = Z) nuclei Nb-82(41)41 and Tc-86(43)43 have been investigated using isomeric-decay spectroscopy following the projectile fragmentation of a Ag-107 beam. These represent the heaviest odd-odd N = Z nuclei in which internal decays have been identified to date. The resulting level schemes shed light on the shape evolution along the N = Z line between the doubly-magic systems Ni-56(28) and Sn-100(50) and support a preference for T = 1 states in T-z = 0 odd-odd nuclei at low excitation energies associated with a T = 1 neutron-proton pairing gap. Comparison with Projected Shell Model calculations suggests that the decay in Nb-82 may be interpreted as an isospin-changing K isomer.
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34.
  • Gudbjartsson, Daniel F., et al. (författare)
  • Sequence variants affecting eosinophil numbers associate with asthma and myocardial infarction
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Nature Genetics. - 1061-4036 .- 1546-1718. ; 41:3, s. 342-347
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Eosinophils are pleiotropic multifunctional leukocytes involved in initiation and propagation of inflammatory responses and thus have important roles in the pathogenesis of inflammatory diseases. Here we describe a genome-wide association scan for sequence variants affecting eosinophil counts in blood of 9,392 Icelanders. The most significant SNPs were studied further in 12,118 Europeans and 5,212 East Asians. SNPs at 2q12 (rs1420101), 2q13 (rs12619285), 3q21 (rs4857855), 5q31 (rs4143832) and 12q24 (rs3184504) reached genome-wide significance (P = 5.3 x 10(-14), 5.4 x 10(-10), 8.6 x 10(-17), 1.2 x 10(-10) and 6.5 x 10(-19), respectively). A SNP at IL1RL1 associated with asthma (P = 5.5 x 10(-12)) in a collection of ten different populations (7,996 cases and 44,890 controls). SNPs at WDR36, IL33 and MYB that showed suggestive association with eosinophil counts were also associated with atopic asthma (P = 4.2 x 10(-6), 2.2 x 10(-5) and 2.4 x 10(-4), respectively). We also found that a nonsynonymous SNP at 12q24, in SH2B3, associated significantly (P = 8.6 x 10(-8)) with myocardial infarction in six different populations (6,650 cases and 40,621 controls).
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35.
  • Khirunenko, L.I., et al. (författare)
  • Complexes of self-interstitials with oxygen atoms in germanium
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: Materials Science in Semiconductor Processing. - 1369-8001 .- 1873-4081. ; 11:5, s. 344-347
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Interactions of germanium self-interstitials with interstitial oxygen atoms in Ge crystals have been studied by combining experimental and theoretical methods. Self-interstitials were created in oxygen-rich Ge crystals by irradiation with MeV electrons at 80 K, and I-O-related complexes were studied by means of infrared absorption spectroscopy, while the density functional theory was used to model structures, local vibrational modes and electronic properties of IO and I2O centers. It is argued that two absorption lines at 674 and 602 cm-1, which develop upon annealing of irradiated Ge:O crystals in the temperature range 180-220 K, are related to IO complexes, while another set of bands at 713 and 803 cm-1 is related to I2O. Those assignments are supported by the comparison with the calculated local vibrational modes of the defects.
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36.
  • Mucher, D., et al. (författare)
  • Shell Structure and Shape Changes in Neutron Rich Krypton Isotopes
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: AIP Conference Proceedings. - : American Institute of Physics (AIP). - 1551-7616 .- 0094-243X. ; 1090, s. 587-588 672
  • Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)abstract
    • B(E2;2(1)(+) -> 0(1)(+)) values have been measured for the unstable nuclei Kr-88 (N=52) and Kr-92 (N=56) using projectile Coulomb excitation at ISOLDE, CERN. With this experiment the local maximum in E(2(1)(+)) in Kr-92 and the role of the N=56 subshell closure can be studied.
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37.
  • Myalski, S., et al. (författare)
  • Isomeric Ratio for the I=8+ Yrast State in 96Pd Produced in the Relativistic Fragmentation of 107Ag
  • 2007
  • Ingår i: Acta Physica Polonica. Series B: Elementary Particle Physics, Nuclear Physics, Statistical Physics, Theory of Relativity, Field Theory. - : Jagellonian University, Cracow, Poland. - 0587-4254. ; 38:4, s. 1277-1282
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • We report on the preliminary results from a study of the decay of the I-pi = 8(+) T-1/2 = 2 mu s isomer in Pd-96 performed as part of the Stopped-Beam RISING campaign within the Rare Isotope Investigation at GSI (RISING). The Pd-96 ions were produced following the projectile fragmentation of a 750 MeV per nucleon Ag-107 primary beam. The reaction products were separated and identified by the in-flight method using the GSI Fragment Separator. The residues of interest were stopped in a perspex stopper surrounded by an array of 15, seven-element germanium Cluster detectors. One of the goals of the current work is to investigate the population of high-spin states produced projectile fragmentation reactions using isomeric ratio measurements to infer information on the angular momentum population distribution. In this short contribution the method and results of determining the isomeric ratio for the I-pi = 8(+) microsecond isomer in Pd-96 nucleus are presented.
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38.
  • Myalski, S., et al. (författare)
  • Isomeric Ratios For Nuclei With Z=62-67 And A=142-152 Produced In The Relativistic Fragmentation Of Pb-208
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Acta Physica Polonica. Series B: Elementary Particle Physics, Nuclear Physics, Statistical Physics, Theory of Relativity, Field Theory. - : Jagellonian University, Cracow, Poland. - 0587-4254. ; 40:3, s. 879-883
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Isomeric states in nuclei with Z = 62-67 and A = 142-152 produced in the fragmentation of the relativistic (1 GeV/nucleon) Pb-208 beam were investigated. Isomeric ratios were determined for 10 isomeric states. Significant differences between theoretical and experimental values were observed.
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39.
  • Pietri, S., et al. (författare)
  • First Results from the Stopped Beam Isomer RISING Campaign at GSI
  • 2007
  • Ingår i: Acta Physica Polonica. Series B: Elementary Particle Physics, Nuclear Physics, Statistical Physics, Theory of Relativity, Field Theory. - : Jagellonian University, Cracow, Poland. - 0587-4254. ; 38:4, s. 1255-1264
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The first results from a series of experiments focused on the study of the internal structure of nuclei at the extremes of N:Z ratio using isomer spectroscopy are reported. These experiments represent the first of the Stopped Beam section of the Rare Isotopes Investigations at GSI (RISING) project. Exotic nuclei were synthesized using relativistic projectile fragmentation of similar to 500 -> 1000 MeV/u beams of Ag-107, Pb-208, Xe-136 and Ni-58, or fission of 750 MeV/u U-238 provided by the SIS synchrotron at GSI. A detailed description of the RISING stopped beam set up is given, together with a report of the performance of the associated gamma-ray spectrometer array. Selected results of the first experimental campaign are presented together with a discussion on the use of isomeric spectroscopy to study GeV range nuclear fragmentation. Details on future research plans of this collaboration are also outlined.
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40.
  • Podolyak, Zs., et al. (författare)
  • Isomeric Decay Studies Around 204Pt and 148Tb
  • 2007
  • Ingår i: The European Physical Journal. Special Topics. - : Springer. - 1951-6355. ; 150, s. 165-168
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Relativistic energy projectile fragmentation of Pb-208 has been used to produce a range of exotic nuclei. The nuclei of interest were studied by detecting delayed gamma rays following the decay of isomeric states. Experimental information on the excited states of the neutron-rich N = 126 nucleus, Pt-204, following internal decay of two isomeric states, was obtained for the first time. In addition, decays from the previously reported isomeric I=27h and I=(49/2)h states in Tb-148 and Gd-147, respectively, have been observed. These isomeric decays represent the highest spin discrete states observed to date following a projectile fragmentation reaction, and opens further the possibility of doing 'high-spin physics' using this technique.
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