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Sökning: WFRF:(Luben R) > (2020-2022)

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  • Escala-Garcia, Maria, et al. (författare)
  • Germline variants and breast cancer survival in patients with distant metastases at primary breast cancer diagnosis
  • 2021
  • Ingår i: Scientific Reports. - : Springer Nature. - 2045-2322. ; 11:1
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Breast cancer metastasis accounts for most of the deaths from breast cancer. Identification of germline variants associated with survival in aggressive types of breast cancer may inform understanding of breast cancer progression and assist treatment. In this analysis, we studied the associations between germline variants and breast cancer survival for patients with distant metastases at primary breast cancer diagnosis. We used data from the Breast Cancer Association Consortium (BCAC) including 1062 women of European ancestry with metastatic breast cancer, 606 of whom died of breast cancer. We identified two germline variants on chromosome 1, rs138569520 and rs146023652, significantly associated with breast cancer-specific survival (P = 3.19 x 10(-8) and 4.42 x 10(-8)). In silico analysis suggested a potential regulatory effect of the variants on the nearby target genes SDE2 and H3F3A. However, the variants showed no evidence of association in a smaller replication dataset. The validation dataset was obtained from the SNPs to Risk of Metastasis (StoRM) study and included 293 patients with metastatic primary breast cancer at diagnosis. Ultimately, larger replication studies are needed to confirm the identified associations.
  • Madjedi, Kian M., et al. (författare)
  • The Association between Serum Lipids and Intraocular Pressure in 2 Large United Kingdom Cohorts
  • 2022
  • Ingår i: Ophthalmology (Rochester, Minn.). - : Elsevier. - 0161-6420 .- 1549-4713. ; 129:9, s. 986-996
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • PURPOSE: Serum lipids are modifiable, routinely collected blood tests associated with cardiovascular health. We examined the association of commonly collected serum lipid measures (total cholesterol (TC), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), low-density lipoprotein (LDL-C) and triglycerides (TG)) with intraocular pressure (IOP).DESIGN: Cross-sectional study in the UK Biobank and EPIC-Norfolk cohorts.PARTICIPANTS: We included 94 323 participants of UK Biobank (mean age 57 years) and 6 230 participants of EPIC-Norfolk (mean age 68 years) with data on TC, HDL-C, LDL-C, TG collected between 2006-2009.METHODS: Multivariable linear regression adjusting for demographic, lifestyle, anthropometric, medical and ophthalmic covariables was used to examine the associations of serum lipids with IOPcc.MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: IOPcc.RESULTS: Higher levels of TC, HDL-C and LDL-C were independently associated with higher IOPcc in both cohorts after adjustment for key demographic, medical and lifestyle factors. For each standard deviation increase in TC, HDL-C, and LDL-C, IOPcc (mmHg) was higher by 0.09 (95% CI: 0.06-0.11; P<0.001), 0.11 (95% CI 0.08-0.13; P<0.001), 0.07 (95% CI: 0.05-0.09, P<0.001), respectively in the UK Biobank cohort. In the EPIC-Norfolk cohort, each additional standard deviation in TC, HDL-C, and LDL-C was associated with a higher IOPcc (mmHg) by 0.19 (95% CI 0.07-0.31, P=0.001), 0.14 (95% CI 0.03-0.25, P=0.016), and 0.17 (95% CI 0.06-0.29, P=0.003). An inverse association between TGs and IOP in the UK Biobank (-0.05, 95% CI -0.08 to -0.03, P<0.001) was not replicated in the EPIC cohort (P=0.30).CONCLUSION: Our findings suggest that serum TC, HDL-C and LDL-C are positively associated with IOP in two UK cohorts and TGs may be negatively associated. Future research is required to assess whether these associations are causal in nature.
  • Morra, Anna, et al. (författare)
  • Association of germline genetic variants with breast cancer-specific survival in patient subgroups defined by clinic-pathological variables related to tumor biology and type of systemic treatment
  • 2021
  • Ingår i: Breast Cancer Research. - : BMC. - 1465-5411 .- 1465-542X. ; 23:1
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background Given the high heterogeneity among breast tumors, associations between common germline genetic variants and survival that may exist within specific subgroups could go undetected in an unstratified set of breast cancer patients. Methods We performed genome-wide association analyses within 15 subgroups of breast cancer patients based on prognostic factors, including hormone receptors, tumor grade, age, and type of systemic treatment. Analyses were based on 91,686 female patients of European ancestry from the Breast Cancer Association Consortium, including 7531 breast cancer-specific deaths over a median follow-up of 8.1 years. Cox regression was used to assess associations of common germline variants with 15-year and 5-year breast cancer-specific survival. We assessed the probability of these associations being true positives via the Bayesian false discovery probability (BFDP < 0.15). Results Evidence of associations with breast cancer-specific survival was observed in three patient subgroups, with variant rs5934618 in patients with grade 3 tumors (15-year-hazard ratio (HR) [95% confidence interval (CI)] 1.32 [1.20, 1.45], P = 1.4E-08, BFDP = 0.01, per G allele); variant rs4679741 in patients with ER-positive tumors treated with endocrine therapy (15-year-HR [95% CI] 1.18 [1.11, 1.26], P = 1.6E-07, BFDP = 0.09, per G allele); variants rs1106333 (15-year-HR [95% CI] 1.68 [1.39,2.03], P = 5.6E-08, BFDP = 0.12, per A allele) and rs78754389 (5-year-HR [95% CI] 1.79 [1.46,2.20], P = 1.7E-08, BFDP = 0.07, per A allele), in patients with ER-negative tumors treated with chemotherapy. Conclusions We found evidence of four loci associated with breast cancer-specific survival within three patient subgroups. There was limited evidence for the existence of associations in other patient subgroups. However, the power for many subgroups is limited due to the low number of events. Even so, our results suggest that the impact of common germline genetic variants on breast cancer-specific survival might be limited.
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