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Sökning: WFRF:(Mannervik Bengt) > (1990-1999) > (1998)

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  • Sundberg, Kathrin, et al. (författare)
  • Differences in the catalytic efficiencies of allelic variants of glutathione transferase P1-1 towards carcinogenic diol epoxides of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons
  • 1998
  • Ingår i: Carcinogenesis. - 0143-3334 .- 1460-2180. ; 19:3, s. 433-436
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Previous studies have identified allelic variants of the human glutathione transferase (GST) Pi gene and showed that the two different encoded proteins with isoleucine (GSTP1-1/I-105) or valine (GSTP1-1/V-105) at position 105, respectively, differ significantly in their catalytic activities with model substrates. Moreover, recent epidemiological studies have demonstrated that individuals differing in the expression of these allelic variants also differ in susceptibility to tumour formation in certain organs, including such in which polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) may be etiological factors. In the present study the catalytic efficiencies (kcat/Km) of these GSTP1-1 variants were determined with a number of stereoisomeric bay-region diol epoxides, known as the ultimate mutagenic and carcinogenic metabolites of PAH, including those from chrysene, benzo[a]pyrene and dibenz[a,h]anthracene. In addition, GSTP1-1 mutants in which amino residue 105 is alanine (GSTP1-1/A-105) or tryptophan (GSTP1-1/W-105) have been constructed and characterized. GSTP1-1/V-105 was found to be more active than GSTP1-1/I-105 in conjugation reactions with the bulky diol epoxides of PAH, being up to 3-fold as active towards the anti- and syn-diol epoxide enantiomers with R-absolute configuration at the benzylic oxiranyl carbon. Comparing the four enzyme variants, GSTP1-1/A-105 generally demonstrated the highest kcat/Km value and GSTP1-1/W-105 the lowest with the anti-diol epoxides. A close correlation was observed between the volume occupied by the amino acid residue at position 105 and the value of kcat/Km. With the syn-diol epoxides, such a correlation was observed with alanine, valine and isoleucine, whereas tryptophan was associated with increased kcat/Km values. The mutational replacement of isoleucine with alanine or tryptophan at position 105 did not alter the enantio selectivity of the GSTP1-1 variants compared with the naturally occurring allelic variants GSTP1-1/I-105 and GSTP1-1/V-105. Since the amino acid at position 105 forms part of the substrate binding site (H-site) the effect of increasing bulkiness is expected to cause restricted access of the diol epoxide and proper alignment of the two reactants for efficient glutathionylation. In conclusion, the present study indicates that individuals who are homozygous for the allele GSTP1* B (coding for GSTP1-1/V-105) display a higher susceptibility to malignancy because of other factors than a decreased catalytic efficiency of GSTP1-1/V-105 in the detoxication of carcinogenic diol epoxides of benzo[a]pyrene or structurally related PAH.
  • Johansson, Ann-Sofie, et al. (författare)
  • Structure-activity relationships and thermal stability of human glutathione transferase P1-1 governed by the H-site residue 105
  • 1998
  • Ingår i: Journal of Molecular Cell Biology. - 1674-2788 .- 1759-4685. ; 278:3, s. 687-698
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Human glutathione transferase P1-1 (GSTP1-1) is polymorphic in amino acid residue 105, positioned in the substrate binding H-site. To elucidate the role of this residue an extensive characterization of GSTP1-1/Ile105 and GSTP1-1/Val105 was performed. Mutant enzymes with altered volume and hydrophobicity of residue 105, GSTP1-1/Ala105 and GSTP1-1/Trp105, were constructed and included in the study. Steady-state kinetic parameters and specific activities were determined using a panel of electrophilic substrates, with the aim of covering different types of reaction mechanisms. Analysis of the steady-state kinetic parameters indicates that the effect of the substitution of the amino acid in position 105 is highly dependent on substrate used. When 1-chloro-2,4-dinitrobenzene was used as substrate a change in the side-chain of residue 105 seemed primarily to cause changes in the KM value, while the kcat value was not distinctively affected. With other substrates, such as 7-chloro-4-nitrobenzo-2-oxa-1,3-diazole and ethacrynic acid both kcat and KM values were altered by the substitution of amino acid 105. The constant for formation of the sigma-complex between 1,3, 5-trinitrobenzene and glutathione was shown to be dependent upon the volume of the amino acid in position 105. The nature of the amino acid in position 105 was also shown to affect the thermal stability of the enzyme at 50 degrees C, indicating an important role for this residue in the stabilization of the enzyme. The GSTP1-1/Ile105 variant was approximately two to three times more stable than the Val105 variant as judged by their half-lives. The presence of glutathione in the incubation buffer afforded a threefold increase in the half-lives of the enzymes. Thus, the thermal stability of the enzyme and depending on substrate, both KM values and turnover numbers are influenced by substitutions in position 105 of GSTP1-1.
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