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Sökning: WFRF:(Niederwieser D) > (2005-2009)

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  • Saussele, S., et al. (författare)
  • Klinische Forschung im „European LeukemiaNet”
  • 2006
  • Ingår i: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift. - : Georg Thieme Verlag KG. - 0012-0472 .- 1439-4413. ; 131:43, s. 2423-2426
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Because of their mortality, morbidity and incidence in all age groups, leukemias represent a challenge and a cost factor for society. In research, they serve as models for a variety of diseases and have a pivotal function in basic research and for patient care. The European LeukemiaNet (ELN) is a EU funded Network of excellence. Its major goal is the construction of an exemplary cooperative leukemia network for the improvement of medical care and of health related research in acute and chronic leukemias. This is achieved by improved mechanisms of cooperation among 78 national leukemia study groups and their 83 interdisciplinary partner groups that deal with the leukemias in research and in patient care in 22 countries. The network integrates about 1000 researchers in 125 participating institutions. In practice, cooperation between clinical and research groups is mediated by various instruments that improve communication, flow of information and interdisciplinary cooperation, and also increase information transfer from top research institutions to clinical translation. The improved cooperation and the accelerated information transfer from the „bench to the bedside” results in a better patient care that ultimately results in improved survival of patients and in superior competitiveness of involved research workers and clinicians. The major goals are: Establishing common information and communication structures, Creation of European networks for each leukemia Establishing European platforms for each inter-disciplinary speciality Performing clinical trials on an European level Establishing European leukemia registries Developing common definitions and standards Developing guidelines and meta-analyses Spread of excellence To reach these goals the network is organized in 17 Workpackages (WPs) each of which is subdivided into several components and deliverables. The WPs represent central services, set up European networks for each major leukemia or related syndrome and interdisciplinary European platforms for diagnostic specialities, and support treatment research, registries, meta-analyses and guidelines. After the second year of networking, the main structures concerning management, communication and information of the ELN have been established and consolidated. Web-based information is available on the central website (www.leukemia-net.org). Communication is accomplished through annual symposia, regular network and WP-meetings (nearly 60 in 2005), website, and the biannual newsletters. A central randomization service and registries are available for distinct leukemia entities, and a prototype of the electronic data capture facility service has been implemented. Several studies were initiated and are ongoing on a European level. Nearly all WPs have prepared or are preparing guidelines or consensus papers, e. g. guidelines on CML therapy, definitions for transplantation associated microangiopathy (TAM), therapy of infections in leukemias, harmonization of molecular monitoring in CML and a consensus on microarray-technology based diagnostics in leukemias. The main goals of the second funding period have been achieved, and thus the ELN is well prepared for further progress in its goals to improve diagnosis and treatment of the leukemias.
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  • Barkholt, L., et al. (författare)
  • Allogeneic haematopoietic stem cell transplantation for metastatic renal carcinoma in Europe
  • 2006
  • Ingår i: Annals of Oncology. - : Elsevier BV. - 1569-8041 .- 0923-7534. ; 17:7, s. 1134-1140
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: An allogeneic antitumour effect has been reported for various cancers. We evaluated the experience of allogeneic haematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) for renal cell carcinoma (RCC) in 124 patients from 21 European centres. Patients and methods: Reduced intensity conditioning and peripheral blood stem cells from an HLA-identical sibling (n = 106), a mismatched related (n = 5), or an unrelated (n = 13) donor were used. Immunosuppression was cyclosporine alone, or combined with methotrexate or mycophenolate mofetil. Donor lymphocyte infusions (DLI) were given to 42 patients. The median follow-up was 15 (range 3-41) months. Results: All but three patients engrafted. The cumulative incidence of moderate to severe, grades II-IV acute GVHD was 40% and for chronic GVHD it was 33%. Transplant-related mortality was 16% at one year. Complete (n = 4) or partial (n = 24) responses, median 150 (range 42-600) days post-transplant, were associated with time from diagnosis to HSCT, mismatched donor and acute GVHD II-IV. Factors associated with survival included chronic GVHD (hazards ratio, HR 4.12, P < 0.001), DLI (HR 3.39, P < 0.001), < 3 metastatic sites (HR 2.61, P = 0.002) and a Karnofsky score > 70 (HR 2.33, P = 0.03). Patients (n = 17) with chronic GVHD and given DLI had a 2-year survival of 70%. Conclusion: Patients with metastatic RCC, less than three metastatic locations and a Karnofsky score > 70% can be considered for HSCT. Posttransplant DLI and limited chronic GVHD improved the patient survival.
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