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Sökning: WFRF:(Omerovic E) > (2005-2009)

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  • Bohlooly-Yeganeh, Mohammad, 1966, et al. (författare)
  • Selective cerebral overexpression of growth hormone alters cardiac function, morphology, energy metabolism and catecholamines in transgenic mice
  • 2005
  • Ingår i: Growth hormone & IGF research. - 1096-6374. ; 15:2, s. 148-55
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND: Growth hormone (GH) has important regulatory effects on cardiac morphology and function both during normal development as well as in pathophysiological settings such as myocardial infarction (MI) and congestive heart failure (CHF). In order to investigate in more detail the interaction between GH and sympathetic nervous system (SNS) system we studied the effects of selective cerebral GH overexpression on myocardial content of catecholamines, myocardial and brain energy metabolism as well as on cardiac function during resting and stress conditions in a transgenic mouse model. METHODS: Transgenic mice with selective bovine GH overexpression under control of glial fibrillary acidic protein promoter in the brain (GFAP-bGH, n=15) were created and compared to genetically matched non-transgenic mates (Control, n=15). Cardiac morphology and function were evaluated in vivo using transthoracic echocardiography during resting and stress conditions induced pharmacologically by dopamine (D) and isoprotenolol (ISO). Myocardial and brain energy metabolism were evaluated non-invasively using in vivo volume-selective phosphorus magnetic resonance spectroscopy ((31)P MRS). Myocardial content of catecholamines was analyzed by means of HPLC. RESULTS: Compared to the C animals, the GFAP-bGH mice have showed several differences in the cardiac phenotype. Systolic (fractional shortening) and diastolic function (E/A wave ratio of mitral flow) was disturbed in the GFAP-bGH mice (both p<0.05). During the dopamine stress, there was chronotropic insufficiency in the GFAP-bGH group (p<0.01) while no difference was observed in response to isoprotenolol. Left ventricular dimensions were increased in GFAP-bGH mice (p<0.05). There was a tendency for higher body weight in GFAP-bGH compared to the control group (p=0.06) while no difference was observed in heart weight and brain weight when normalized for body weight. Myocardial content of noradrenaline was lower in the GFAP-bGH group (p<0.05). PCr/ATP ratio was higher (p<0.05) in the brain and lower in the heart (p<0.05) in the GFAP-bGH mice. CONCLUSIONS: Selective cerebral overexpression of GH results in alterations of cardiac function, morphology and metabolism in transgenic mice. Decreased myocardial content of catecholamines in the GFAP-bGH mice suggests central interaction between GH and sympathetic nervous system.
  • Tallheden, Tommi, 1972, et al. (författare)
  • In vivo MR imaging of magnetically labeled human embryonic stem cells
  • 2006
  • Ingår i: Life sciences. - 0024-3205. ; 79:10, s. 999-1006
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • INTRODUCTION: Human embryonic stem cells (hES) have emerged as a potentially new therapeutic approach for treatment of heart and other diseases applying the concept of regenerative medicine. A method for in vivo visualization and tracking of transplanted hES would increase our understanding of in vivo hES behavior in both experimental and clinical settings. The aim of this study was to evaluate the feasibility of magnetic labeling and visualization of hES with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). METHODS: hES were established and expanded according to standard procedures. After expansion, the cells were cultured under feeder free conditions and magnetically labeled by addition of dextran-coated Ferrum-oxide particles (Endorem) to the medium. Accumulation of small particles of iron-oxide (SPIO) in hES was assessed by Prussian blue staining and electron microscopy. For in vitro MRI, the labeled and unlabeled hES were examined in cell solution and after transplantation into explanted mouse heart ( approximately 100,000 cells) on a Bruker Avance DMX 500 vertical magnet at 11.75 T. A multi-slice, multi spin-echo T(2)-weighted images were obtained. For in vivo imaging, the experiments were performed on male Sprague-Dawley using Bruker Biospec 2.35 T magnet. The hES were directly injected ( approximately 500,000 cells) after surgical procedure (thoracotomy) into anterior left ventricular (LV) wall. Multi-slice T(2)-weighted gradient echo images were obtained using cardiac gating. RESULTS: hES appeared to be unaffected by magnetic labeling and maintained their ability to proliferate and differentiate. No additive agent for membrane permeabilisation was needed for facilitation of intracellular SPIO accumulation. Prussian blue and electron microscopy have revealed numerous iron particles in the cytoplasm of hES. On T(2)-weighted images, the labeled cells have shown well-defined hyopintense areas at the site of injection in anterior LV wall both in vitro and in vivo. CONCLUSIONS: It is feasible to magnetically label and visualize hES both in vitro and in vivo. MR visualization of magnetically labeled hES may be a valuable tool for in vivo tracking of hES.
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