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Träfflista för sökning "WFRF:(Poole Elizabeth M.) srt2:(2017)"

Sökning: WFRF:(Poole Elizabeth M.) > (2017)

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  • Ose, Jennifer, et al. (författare)
  • Androgens Are Differentially Associated with Ovarian Cancer Subtypes in the Ovarian Cancer Cohort Consortium
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Cancer Research. - 0008-5472 .- 1538-7445. ; 77:14, s. 3951-3960
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Invasive epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) is the most lethal gynecologic malignancy. The etiology of EOC remains elusive; however, experimental and epidemiologic data suggest a role for hormone-related exposures in ovarian carcinogenesis and risk factor differences by histologic phenotypes and developmental pathways. Research on prediagnosis androgen concentrations and EOC risk has yielded inconclusive results, and analyses incorporating EOC subtypes are sparse. We conducted a pooled analysis of 7 nested case–control studies in the Ovarian Cancer Cohort Consortium to investigate the association between pre-diagnosis circulating androgens [testosterone, free testosterone, androstenedione, dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHEAS)], sex hormone binding globulin (SHBG), and EOC risk by tumor characteristics (i.e., histology, grade, and stage). The final study population included 1,331 EOC cases and 3,017 matched controls. Multivariable conditional logistic regression was used to assess risk associations in pooled individual data. Testosterone was positively associated with EOC risk (all subtypes combined, ORlog2 = 1.12; 95% confidence interval 1.02–1.24); other endogenous androgens and SHBG were not associated with overall risk. Higher concentrations of testosterone and androstenedione associated with an increased risk in endometrioid and mucinous tumors [e.g., testosterone, endometrioid tumors, ORlog2 = 1.40 (1.03–1.91)], but not serous or clear cell. An inverse association was observed between androstenedione and high grade serous tumors [ORlog2 = 0.76 (0.60–0.96)]. Our analyses provide further evidence for a role of hormone-related pathways in EOC risk, with differences in associations between androgens and histologic subtypes of EOC.
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  • Ose, Jennifer, et al. (författare)
  • Pre-diagnosis insulin-like growth factor-I and risk of epithelial invasive ovarian cancer by histological subtypes : A collaborative re-analysis from the Ovarian Cancer Cohort Consortium
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Cancer Causes and Control. - : SPRINGER. - 0957-5243 .- 1573-7225. ; 28:5, s. 429-435
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Biologic evidence suggests that the Insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-family may be involved in the etiology of epithelial invasive ovarian cancer (EOC). However, prospective studies investigating the role of IGF-I in ovarian carcinogenesis have yielded conflicting results. We pooled and harmonized data from 6 case-control studies nested within the Ovarian Cancer Cohort Consortium to investigate the association between pre-diagnosis IGF-I concentrations and subsequent risk of EOC. We evaluated IGF-I concentrations and risk of EOC overall and by tumor subtype (defined by histology, grade, stage) in 1,270 cases and 2,907 matched controls. Multivariable conditional logistic regression models were used to calculate odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI). Doubling of IGF-I concentration was associated with significantly lower risk of overall EOC [ORlog2 = 0.82; CI 0.72-0.93]. We observed no heterogeneity by tumor characteristics (e.g., histology, p (het) = 0.62), menopausal status at blood collection (p (het) = 0.79), or age at diagnosis (p (het) = 0.60). These results suggest that IGF-I concentrations are inversely associated with EOC risk, independent of histological phenotype. Future prospective research should consider potential mechanisms for this association, including, considering other members of the IGF-family to better characterize the role of IGF-signaling in the etiology of EOC.
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  • Trudel-Fitzgerald, Claudia, et al. (författare)
  • The Association of Work Characteristics With Ovarian Cancer Risk and Mortality
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Psychosomatic Medicine. - : Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. - 0033-3174 .- 1534-7796. ; 79:9, s. 1059-1067
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Objective: Ovarian cancer (OvCA) is a leading cause of cancer death for women. Depression and social isolation have been associated with a higher OvCA risk and poorer survival, but other forms of chronic psychosocial stress, including work-related characteristics, remain understudied. Methods: Women from three prospective cohorts (Nurses' Health Study: n = 31,754; Nurses' Health Study II: n = 74,260; Northern Sweden Health and Disease Study: n(nested case-control study) = 196) completed a job questionnaire, assessing demand and control at work, social support provided by coworkers and supervisor, and job security. Multivariate Cox and conditional logistic regression models estimated hazard ratios (Nurses' Health Study/Nurses' Health Study II) and odd ratios (Northern Sweden Health and Disease Study) of OvCA risk and mortality among cases. Random coefficient models were used for meta-analyses. Results: There were 396 OvCA cases and 186 deaths during follow-up. Overall, job strain, strain chronicity, social support, and job security were not significantly associated with OvCA risk (e.g., pooled relative risk [RR](high demand/low control) = 1.06, confidence interval [CI] = 0.72-1.55) or mortality (e.g., pooled RRhigh demand/low control = 1.08, CI = 0.64-1.82). When considered individually, compared with low levels, only moderate levels of demand were associated with a reduced OvCA risk (pooled RR = 0.66, CI = 0.49-0.90). Social support provided by the coworker or the supervisor did not moderate the association of job strain with either OvCA risk or overall mortality. Conclusions: We did not observe clear associations between work characteristics and OvCA incidence or mortality, but further research with diverse populations is warranted.
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5.
  • Yang, Meng, et al. (författare)
  • Prediagnosis Leukocyte Telomere Length and Risk of Ovarian Cancer
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers and Prevention. - 1055-9965 .- 1538-7755. ; 26:3, s. 339-345
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: The associations between telomere length and cancer risk are equivocal, and none have examined the association between prediagnosis leukocyte telomere length (LTL) and the risk of developing ovarian cancer. Methods: We prospectively measured LTL collected from 442 ovarian cancer cases and 727 controls in the Nurses' Health Studies and the Northern Sweden Health and Disease Study. Cases were matched to one or two controls on age, menopausal status, and date of blood collection. Odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were estimated using conditional logistic regression. Results: LTL was measured a median of 9.5 years before ovarian cancer diagnosis among cases. We observed a decreased risk of ovarian cancer with longer LTL. In multivariable models, women in the top quartile of LTL had an OR for ovarian cancer of 0.67 (95% CI, 0.46-0.97) compared with those in the bottom quartile. Inverse associations were stronger for nonserous cases (ORquartile (4 vs. quartile 1 of LTL) = 0.55, 95% CI, 0.33-0.94) and rapidly fatal cases (i.e., cases who died within 3 years of diagnosis; ORquartile 4 vs. quartile 1 of LTL = 0.55, 95% CI, 0.32-0.95). Conclusions: Our prospective findings suggest that longer circulating LTL may be associated with a lower ovarian cancer risk, especially for nonserous and rapidly fatal cases. The evaluation of LTL in relation to ovarian cancer risk by tumor subtypes is warranted in larger prospective studies. Impact: Prediagnosis LTL may reflect an early event in the ovarian cancer development and could serve as a biomarker to predict future risk.
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