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Träfflista för sökning "WFRF:(Puschmann A) srt2:(2015-2019)"

Sökning: WFRF:(Puschmann A) > (2015-2019)

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1.
  • Ran, C., et al. (författare)
  • Strong association between glucocerebrosidase mutations and Parkinson's disease in Sweden
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: Neurobiology of Aging. - : Elsevier. - 0197-4580 .- 1558-1497. ; 45
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Several genetic studies have demonstrated an association between mutations in glucocerebrosidase (GBA), originally implicated in Gaucher's disease, and an increased risk of Parkinson's disease (PD). We have investigated the possible involvement of genetic GBA variations in PD in the Swedish population. Three GBA variants, E326K, N370S, and L444P were screened in the largest Swedish Parkinson cohort reported to date; 1625 cases and 2025 control individuals. We found a significant association with high effect size of the rare variant L444P with PD (odds ratio 8.17; 95% confidence interval: 2.51-26.23; p-value = 0.0020) and a significant association of the common variant E326K (odds ratio 1.60; 95% confidence interval: 1.16-2.22; p-value = 0.026). The rare variant N370S showed a trend for association. Most L444P carriers (68%) were found to reside in northern Sweden, which is consistent with a higher prevalence of Gaucher's disease in this part of the country. Our findings support the role of GBA mutations as risk factors for PD and point to lysosomal dysfunction as a mechanism contributing to PD etiology. (C) 2016 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier Inc.
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3.
  • Andreasson, K. I., et al. (författare)
  • Targeting innate immunity for neurodegenerative disorders of the central nervous system
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: Journal of Neurochemistry. - 0022-3042. ; , s. 653-693
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Neuroinflammation is critically involved in numerous neurodegenerative diseases, and key signaling steps of innate immune activation hence represent promising therapeutic targets. This mini review series originated from the 4th Venusberg Meeting on Neuroinflammation held in Bonn, Germany, 7–9th May 2015, presenting updates on innate immunity in acute brain injury and chronic neurodegenerative disorders, such as traumatic brain injury and Alzheimer disease, on the role of astrocytes and microglia, as well as technical developments that may help elucidate neuroinflammatory mechanisms and establish clinical relevance. In this meeting report, a brief overview of physiological and pathological microglia morphology is followed by a synopsis on PGE2 receptors, insights into the role of arginine metabolism and further relevant aspects of neuroinflammation in various clinical settings, and concluded by a presentation of technical challenges and solutions when working with microglia and astrocyte cultures. Microglial ontogeny and induced pluripotent stem cell-derived microglia, advances of TREM2 signaling, and the cytokine paradox in Alzheimer's disease are further contributions to this article. (Figure presented.) Neuroinflammation is critically involved in numerous neurodegenerative diseases, and key signaling steps of innate immune activation hence represent promising therapeutic targets. This mini review series originated from the 4th Venusberg Meeting on Neuroinflammation held in Bonn, Germany, 7–9th May 2015, presenting updates on innate immunity in acute brain injury and chronic neurodegenerative disorders, such as traumatic brain injury and Alzheimer's disease, on the role of astrocytes and microglia, as well as technical developments that may help elucidate neuroinflammatory mechanisms and establish clinical relevance. In this meeting report, a brief overview on physiological and pathological microglia morphology is followed by a synopsis on PGE2 receptors, insights into the role of arginine metabolism and further relevant aspects of neuroinflammation in various clinical settings, and concluded by a presentation of technical challenges and solutions when working with microglia cultures. Microglial ontogeny and induced pluripotent stem cell-derived microglia, advances of TREM2 signaling, and the cytokine paradox in Alzheimer's disease are further contributions to this article. © 2016 International Society for Neurochemistry
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4.
  • Puschmann, Andreas, et al. (författare)
  • Low prevalence of known pathogenic mutations in dominant PD genes: A Swedish multicenter study
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Parkinsonism and Related Disorders. - : Elsevier. - 1353-8020 .- 1873-5126. ; 66, s. 158-165
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • © 2019 The Authors Objective: To determine the frequency of mutations known to cause autosomal dominant Parkinson disease (PD) in a series with more than 10% of Sweden's estimated number of PD patients. Methods: The Swedish Parkinson Disease Genetics Network was formed as a national multicenter consortium of clinical researchers who together have access to DNA from a total of 2,206 PD patients; 85.4% were from population-based studies. Samples were analyzed centrally for known pathogenic mutations in SNCA (duplications/triplications, p.Ala30Pro, p.Ala53Thr) and LRRK2 (p.Asn1437His, p.Arg1441His, p.Tyr1699Cys, p.Gly2019Ser, p.Ile2020Thr). We compared the frequency of these mutations in Swedish patients with published PD series and the gnomAD database. Results: A family history of PD in first- and/or second-degree relatives was reported by 21.6% of participants. Twelve patients (0.54%) carried LRRK2 p.(Gly2019Ser) mutations, one patient (0.045%) an SNCA duplication. The frequency of LRRK2 p.(Gly2019Ser) carriers was 0.11% in a matched Swedish control cohort and a similar 0.098% in total gnomAD, but there was a marked difference between ethnicities in gnomAD, with 42-fold higher frequency among Ashkenazi Jews than all others combined. Conclusions: In relative terms, the LRRK2 p.(Gly2019Ser) variant is the most frequent mutation among Swedish or international PD patients, and in gnomAD. SNCA duplications were the second most common of the mutations examined. In absolute terms, however, these known pathogenic variants in dominant PD genes are generally very rare and can only explain a minute fraction of familial aggregation of PD. Additional genetic and environmental mechanisms may explain the frequent co-occurrence of PD in close relatives.
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5.
  • Springer, W, et al. (författare)
  • Heterozygous PINK1 p.G411S mutation increases risk for Parkinson's disease (PD)
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: Movement Disorders. - : John Wiley and Sons. - 0885-3185. ; 31:Suppl. S2, s. 282-282
  • Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Objective: To investigate the possible disease-association and pathogenic mechanisms of heterozygous PINK1 mutations from a genetic, functional, and structural perspective. Background: It has been postulated that heterozygous mutations in recessive PD genes may increase disease risk. In particular, the PINK1 p.G411S mutation has been reported in families with dominant inheritance patterns, suggesting that it might confer a sizeable disease risk. Methods: We performed a pedigree analysis of seven patients with a heterozygous PINK1 p.G411S mutation with at least one additional affected family member. We screened five case-control series and performed a meta-analysis of previous studies that had examined the variant. For functional cell-based analyses, we used patients skin fibroblast from PINK1 p.G411S or p.Q456X heterozygotes and investigated endogenous protein levels and kinase activity by biochemistry and imaging. For structural analyses, we performed molecular modeling and generated monomeric and dimeric forms of wild type (WT) and mutant PINK1 protein. Using molecular dynamics simulations, we analyzed effects of the p.G411S mutation on WT PINK1 in a heterodimeric complex over time. Results: Our analyses revealed a genetic association of heterozygous PINK1 p.G411S mutation with an increased risk for PD and a possible dominant inheritance with incomplete co-segregation. In patients skin fibroblasts, we establish a dominant negative mode for heterozygous p.G411S mutations under endogenous conditions. While total PINK1 protein levels were similar to controls upon mitochondrial stress, cellular PINK1 kinase activity was significantly reduced in p.G411S heterozygotes compared to WT and importantly to p.Q456X heterozygotes, which resulted in 50% reduction of PINK1 protein levels. Structural analyses supported our hypothesis that the p.G411S mutation can poison PINK1 WT in a heterodimeric complex and thus effectively reduce cellular PINK1 kinase activity. This in turn impairs the protective functions of the PINK1/PARKIN-mediated mitochondrial quality control. Conclusions: Our study uncovers increased disease risk and molecular mechanisms of a particular heterozygous mutation in a recessive PD gene. Based on genetic and clinical evaluation as well as functional and structural characterization, we established PINK1 p.G411S as a rare genetic risk factor with a relatively large effect size conferred by a dominant negative function phenotype.
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6.
  • Appleton, Jason Philip, et al. (författare)
  • The TOS2 study: An international multi-centre audit assessing the standard of neurological examination
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery and Psychiatry. - : BMJ Publishing Group. - 1468-330X. ; 86:11
  • Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Having previously demonstrated that in-patients referred to neurology at two UK hospitals were not fully examined prior to referral, we designed an audit with 80% power to detect a 10% increase in tendon hammer or ophthalmoscope use following an educational intervention. In-patients referred to neurology over a 4 month period in the UK, Jordan, Sweden and the United Arab Emirates were asked whether they recalled examination with a Tendon hammer, Ophthalmoscope and Stethoscope since admission. Results were disseminated to local medical teams and data were collected for a further 4 months. Pre and post-intervention data were available for 11 centres with 407 and 391 patients in each arm. 264 patients (64.86%) recalled examination with a tendon hammer preintervention, which significantly improved to 298 (76.21%) (p
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7.
  • Hellberg, Clara, et al. (författare)
  • Nationwide prevalence of primary dystonia, progressive ataxia and hereditary spastic paraplegia
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Parkinsonism and Related Disorders. - : Elsevier. - 1353-8020. ; 69, s. 79-84
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Objective: To determine the nationwide prevalence of primary dystonia, ataxia and hereditary spastic paraplegia (HSP) in Sweden. Methods: We extracted data on all patients who were registered in The National Patient Register (NPR) in Sweden (population 9.64 million) at least twice during five consecutive years with a diagnosis of primary dystonia, ataxia or HSP. We excluded patients with an additional diagnosis possibly indicating secondary causes, and determined the proportion of wrongly diagnosed patients at our own tertiary center by patient examination or chart review. We analyzed patients’ age and disorder subtypes, geographical distribution of patients within Sweden and the country of birth of all patients. Results: Nationwide, we identified 4239 patients (31.6% male) with a diagnosis of primary dystonia. Of 347 patients with dystonia at our center, 20.2% may have had a different final diagnosis. Extrapolation of this uncertainty rate to the national population resulted in a prevalence for primary dystonia of 35.1/100,000. There were 672 patients (49.6% male) with ataxia in NPR, and the diagnostic uncertainty rate among 81 patients in our center was 13.6% (prevalence 6.0/100,000). HSP was diagnosed in 235 patients nationwide (52.3% male, prevalence 2.4/100,000). Patients were distributed relatively evenly throughout the country. The proportions of patients with these diagnoses who were born outside of Sweden were lower (8.0–12.7%) than the proportion of all Swedish residents born abroad (15.9%). Conclusions: In this large, nationwide study, the prevalence of dystonia was high compared to previous studies, which partly may be explained by the high coverage of NPR.
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8.
  • Kalia, Lorraine V, et al. (författare)
  • Clinical Correlations With Lewy Body Pathology in LRRK2-Related Parkinson Disease.
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: JAMA Neurology. - : American Medical Association. - 2168-6157. ; 72:1, s. 100-105
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Mutations in leucine-rich repeat kinase 2 (LRRK2) are the most common cause of genetic Parkinson disease (PD) known to date. The clinical features of manifesting LRRK2 mutation carriers are generally indistinguishable from those of patients with sporadic PD. However, some PD cases associated with LRRK2 mutations lack Lewy bodies (LBs), a neuropathological hallmark of PD. We investigated whether the presence or absence of LBs correlates with different clinical features in LRRK2-related PD.
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9.
  • Perez-Soriano, Alexandra, et al. (författare)
  • PBB3 Imaging in Parkinsonian disorders: Evidence for binding to abnormally aggregated proteins in addition to tau proteins
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Movement Disorders. - : John Wiley and Sons. - 1531-8257. ; 32:Suppl 2, s. 585-587
  • Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Objective: To study selective regional binding for tau pathology in vivo, using PET with [11C]PBB3 ([11C]methylamino pyridin-3-yl buta-1,3-dienyl benzo[d]thiazol-6-ol) in tauopathies, and in conditions not typically associated with tauopathy. Background: Tau imaging is a promising tool to study the link between tau and neurodegeneration. The specificity of tracers in vivo however remains uncertain, and off target binding is frequently present, limiting its use in parkinsonian disorders. Methods: Dynamic PET scans were obtained for 70 min after the bolus injection of [11C]PBB3 (mean dose 518.97MBq) in five PSP subjects, 1 subject with DCTN1 mutation and PSP phenotype,3 asymptomatic SNCA duplication carriers, 1 MSA subject, and 7 healthy controls of similar age. The occipital cortex was used as reference region for the PSP , the DCTN1 mutation and the MSA subjects. The cerebellar white matter was used as a reference region for the SNCA duplication carriers. Tissue reference Logan analysis was applied to each region of interest (ROI) using the appropriate reference region. Results: In PSP subjects, the highest retention of [11C]PBB3 was observed in putamen, midbrain, globus pallidus and substantia nigra. Longer disease duration and more advanced clinical severity were generally associated with higher tracer retention. The DCTN1/PSP phenotype case showed increased binding in putamen, parietal lobe, and globus pallidus. In SNCA duplication carriers there was a significant increase of [11C] PBB3 binding compared to controls in globus pallidus, putamen, thalamus, ventral striatum, substantia nigra, and pedunculopontine nucleus. The MSA case showed increased binding in comparison to the control group in frontal lobe, globus pallidus, midbrain, parietal lobe, putamen, temporal lobe, substantia nigra, thalamus and ventral striatum. Conclusions: All PSP patients showed increased retention of the tracer in the basal ganglia, as clinically expected. However, binding was also present in asymptomatic SNCA duplication carriers as well as the subject with MSA, which are not typically associated with pathological tau deposition. This suggests the possibility that [11C]PBB3 binds to alpha-synuclein or other proteins involved in neurodegeneration.
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10.
  • Puschmann, Andreas, et al. (författare)
  • Heterozygous PINK1 p.G411S increases risk of Parkinson's disease via a dominant-negative mechanism
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Brain. - : Oxford University Press. - 1460-2156. ; 140:1, s. 98-117
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • SEE GANDHI AND PLUN-FAVREAU DOI101093/AWW320 FOR A SCIENTIFIC COMMENTARY ON THIS ARTICLE: It has been postulated that heterozygous mutations in recessive Parkinson's genes may increase the risk of developing the disease. In particular, the PTEN-induced putative kinase 1 (PINK1) p.G411S (c.1231G>A, rs45478900) mutation has been reported in families with dominant inheritance patterns of Parkinson's disease, suggesting that it might confer a sizeable disease risk when present on only one allele. We examined families with PINK1 p.G411S and conducted a genetic association study with 2560 patients with Parkinson's disease and 2145 control subjects. Heterozygous PINK1 p.G411S mutations markedly increased Parkinson's disease risk (odds ratio = 2.92, P = 0.032); significance remained when supplementing with results from previous studies on 4437 additional subjects (odds ratio = 2.89, P = 0.027). We analysed primary human skin fibroblasts and induced neurons from heterozygous PINK1 p.G411S carriers compared to PINK1 p.Q456X heterozygotes and PINK1 wild-type controls under endogenous conditions. While cells from PINK1 p.Q456X heterozygotes showed reduced levels of PINK1 protein and decreased initial kinase activity upon mitochondrial damage, stress-response was largely unaffected over time, as expected for a recessive loss-of-function mutation. By contrast, PINK1 p.G411S heterozygotes showed no decrease of PINK1 protein levels but a sustained, significant reduction in kinase activity. Molecular modelling and dynamics simulations as well as multiple functional assays revealed that the p.G411S mutation interferes with ubiquitin phosphorylation by wild-type PINK1 in a heterodimeric complex. This impairs the protective functions of the PINK1/parkin-mediated mitochondrial quality control. Based on genetic and clinical evaluation as well as functional and structural characterization, we established p.G411S as a rare genetic risk factor with a relatively large effect size conferred by a partial dominant-negative function phenotype.
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