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Sökning: WFRF:(Rolstad Sindre 1976) > (2010-2014) > (2010)

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1.
  • Eckerström, Carl, et al. (författare)
  • Combination of Hippocampal Volume and Cerebrospinal Fluid Biomarkers Improves Predictive Value in Mild Cognitive Impairment.
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders. - 1421-9824. ; 29:4, s. 294-300
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) is a heterogeneous condition, and the prognosis differs within the group. Recent findings suggest that hippocampal volumetry and CSF biomarkers can be used to predict which MCI patients have an underlying neurodegenerative disorder. Objective: To examine the combined predictive value of hippocampal volume and CSF levels of total tau (T-tau) and beta-amyloid(42) (Abeta(42)) in stable and converting MCI patients. The participants (n = 68) included patients with MCI at baseline and who converted to dementia by the time of the 2-year follow-up (n = 21), stable MCI patients (n = 21) and healthy controls (n = 26). Methods: The Göteborg MCI study is a clinically based longitudinal study with biannual clinical assessments. Hippocampal volumetry was performed manually, based on data from the 0.5-tesla MRI investigations at baseline. Baseline CSF levels of T-tau and Abeta(42) were measured using commercially available, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays. Results: The converting MCI group had significantly smaller left hippocampi, lower CSF Abeta(42) and higher T-tau compared to both the stable MCI group and the healthy controls. Multivariate analysis revealed that a combination of the variables outperformed the prognostic ability of the separate variables. Conclusions: Hippocampal volumes supplement the prognostic accuracy of CSF Abeta(42) and T-tau in MCI.
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2.
  • Jonsson, Michael, 1955, et al. (författare)
  • Apathy is a prominent neuropsychiatric feature of radiological white-matter changes in patients with dementia.
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: International journal of geriatric psychiatry. - 1099-1166. ; 25:6, s. 588-95
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • OBJECTIVE: Cerebral white-matter changes (WMCs) are frequently found in dementia and have been proposed to be related to vascular factors and a certain symptomatological profile. However, few studies have included both vascular factors and a broad spectrum of cognitive, neurological and psychiatric symptoms, easily detectable by the physician in the everyday clinical work. The objective was to study the relationships between WMCs on MRI/CT and neuropsychiatric symptoms and vascular factors in patients with cognitive impairment. METHODS: One hundred and seventy-six patients with Alzheimer's disease, vascular dementia, mixed dementia, and mild cognitive impairment were included. All patients underwent a standardized examination including medical history, clinical examinations, laboratory tests and brain imaging (CT or MRI). The identification and severity degree of WMCs was assessed blindly to clinical findings, using a semi-quantitative scale. For statistical analyses, patients were grouped based on absence or presence of WMCs. Significant variables in bivariate analyses were included as predictors in stepwise multiple logistic regression analyses. RESULTS: Bivariate analyses showed significant associations between WMCs and age, gender, blood pressure, hypertension, ischaemic heart disease and TIA/RIND. Furthermore, there were significant associations between WMCs and apathy, mental slowness, disinhibition, gait disturbance and focal neurologic symptoms. The multivariate logistic model revealed apathy, mental slowness and age as the most consistent predicting factors for WMCs, together with MRI as a radiological method for the detection of WMCs. CONCLUSIONS: The findings indicate that WMCs in patients with dementia are associated with a dysexecutive-related behavioural symptom profile, vascular factors related to small and large vessel diseases and age. Copyright (c) 2009 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
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3.
  • Nordlund, Arto, 1962, et al. (författare)
  • Cognitive profiles of incipient dementia in the Goteborg MCI study.
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Dementia and geriatric cognitive disorders. - 1421-9824. ; 30:5, s. 403-10
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • To study which cognitive profiles of incipient dementia strongest predict the conversion to Alzheimer's disease (AD) and mixed dementia (MD)/vascular dementia (VaD).
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4.
  • Nordlund, Arto, 1962, et al. (författare)
  • Two year outcome of MCI subtypes and aetiologies in the Goteborg MCI study.
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Journal of neurology, neurosurgery, and psychiatry. - 1468-330X. ; 81:5, s. 541-6
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The objective was to study the two year outcome of subjects diagnosed with Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI). Two hundred and nine subjects diagnosed with MCI were examined with a comprehensive neuropsychological test battery and followed up after two years. After two years 34 subjects (16%) were lost for follow-up. Those subjects did not differ significantly in terms of MCI subclassification, MMSE score or age and education. Of the 175 subjects followed up, 8 (4.5%) had improved to normal, two with amnestic MCI, one from multiple domains MCI, three with single domain MCI and two without any significant impairment at baseline. Forty-four subjects (25%) had progressed to dementia. Out of these 35 were from the multidomain amnestic group and 9 from the multidomain non-amnestic group. The combination of Alzheimer-typical biomarkers (total-tau and amyloid beta) and multidomain amnestic MCI was the strongest predictor of progression to Alzheimer's disease, while vascular disease and multidomain amnestic MCI preceded mixed and vascular dementia. The results suggest that memory impairment alone, or impairment in any one cognitive domain alone, are rather benign conditions. Impairment in several cognitive domains is associated with a more severe outcome over two years. Also, 20% of the subjects who progressed to dementia, including Alzheimer's disease, did not show memory impairment at baseline, which suggests that memory impairment is not always the first symptom of even the most common dementia disorders.
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5.
  • Rolstad, Sindre, 1976, et al. (författare)
  • High Education May Offer Protection Against Tauopathy in Patients with Mild Cognitive Impairment.
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Journal of Alzheimer's disease : JAD. - 1875-8908. ; 21:1, s. 221-8
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The concepts of brain and cognitive reserve stem from the observation that premorbid factors (e.g., education) result in variation in the response to brain pathology. Potential early influence of reserve on pathology, as assessed using the cerebrospinal fluid biomarkers total tau and amyloid-beta{42}, and cognition was explored in mild cognitive impairment (MCI) patients who remained stable over a two-year period. A total of 102 patients with stable MCI grouped on the basis of educational level were compared with regard to biomarker concentrations and cognitive performance. Stable MCI patients with higher education had lower concentrations of t-tau as compared to those with lower education. Also, educational level predicted a significant proportion of the total variance in t-tau concentrations. Our results suggest that higher education may offer protection against tauopathy.
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6.
  • Rolstad, Sindre, 1976 (författare)
  • The reserve concept in patients with Mild Cognitive Impairment – new approaches
  • 2010
  • Doktorsavhandling (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • The concept of reserve stems from the observation that premorbid factors, e.g. education, result in variation in the response to any kind of brain pathology. As subjects with higher reserve tolerate more neuropathology, symptomatic expression of pathology is delayed. It is thus predicted that neuropathology should be more pronounced in those with higher reserve as compared to those with lower at the same level of clinical severity. Most research within the reserve paradigm has been conducted on patients with established diagnoses, mainly Alzheimer’s disease, but knowledge on the modifying effects of reserve in preclinical, Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI), and early phases of dementia is limited. The main purpose was to investigate if use of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) biomarkers, would enable studies of reserve in earlier phases. Specifically, the 42 amino acid form of beta-amyloid (abeta42), mirroring amyloid plaques depositions, and CSF total tau (t-tau), reflecting axonal degeneration, were used as surrogate measures for neuropathology. Another purpose was to explore if patients with higher reserve diverge from patients with intermediate and lower reserve in terms of CSF pathology, and cognitive functioning in various disease phases. As premorbid intelligence Quotient (IQ), cognitive functioning prior to manifest disease, may be a better proxy for reserve than education, the final objective was to construct a test for assessment of premorbid IQ in Swedish. In summary, we found that patients with higher reserve were distinguishable from those with intermediate and lower reserve with regards to abeta42 pathology, but not clinical manifestations. The incongruence between pathology and clinical outcome indicates compensation for neuropathology. We also found that abeta42 may be sensitive to disease progress when taking level of reserve into account. Patients with higher reserve with stable MCI had lower concentrations of CSF t-tau, but comparable abeta42 concentrations. This finding may either indicate a true protective effect for education, or suggests that higher education promotes cognitive stimulation resulting in better axonal integrity. Also, a test for assessment of premorbid IQ, NART-SWE, was successfully constructed and found to have satisfactory psychometric properties. The results of these studies may contribute to earlier identification, and consequentially treatment of patients with higher reserve at risk for dementia.
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7.
  • Åstrand, Ragnar, et al. (författare)
  • Cognitive Impairment Questionnaire (CIMP-QUEST): reported topographic symptoms in MCI and dementia.
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Acta neurologica Scandinavica. - 1600-0404. ; 121:6, s. 384-391
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Astrand R, Rolstad S, Wallin A. Cognitive Impairment Questionnaire (CIMP-QUEST): reported topographic symptoms in MCI and dementia. Acta Neurol Scand: DOI: 10.1111/j.1600-0404.2007.01312.x. (c) 2009 The Authors Journal compilation (c) 2009 Blackwell Munksgaard. Objective - The Cognitive Impairment Questionnaire (CIMP-QUEST) is an instrument based on information obtained by key informants to identify symptoms of dementia and dementia-like disorders. The questionnaire consists of three subscales reflecting impairment in parietal-temporal (PT), frontal (F) and subcortical (SC) brain regions. The questionnaire includes a memory scale and lists non-cognitive symptoms. The reliability and validity of the questionnaire were examined in 131 patients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) or mild dementia at a university-based memory unit. Methods/Results - Cronbach alpha for all subscales was calculated at r = 0.90. Factor analysis supported the tri-dimensionality of CIMP-QUEST's brain region-oriented construct. Test-retest reliability for a subgroup of cognitively stable MCI-patients (n = 25) was found to be r = 0.83 (P = 0.0005). The correlation between the score on the cognitive subscales (PT + F + M) and Informant Questionnaire on Cognitive Decline in the Elderly was r = 0.83 (P = 0.0005, n = 123). The memory subscale correlated significantly with episodic memory tests, the PT subscale with visuospatial and language-oriented tests, and the SC and F subscales with tests of attention, psychomotor tempo and executive function. Conclusions - CIMP-QUEST has high reliability and validity, and provides information about cognitive impairment and brain region-oriented symptomatology in patients with MCI and mild dementia.
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