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Sökning: WFRF:(Rolstad Sindre 1976) > (2010-2014) > (2011)

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  • Eckerström, Carl, et al. (författare)
  • High white matter lesion load is associated with hippocampal atrophy in mild cognitive impairment.
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: Dementia and geriatric cognitive disorders. - 1421-9824. ; 31:2, s. 132-8
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) is a heterogeneous condition suggested as a prodromal state of Alzheimer's disease (AD) and subcortical vascular dementia (SVD). Recent findings suggest that white matter lesions (WML) may be associated with hippocampal atrophy. The objective of the study was to examine hippocampal and WML volumes in MCI patients and to examine if WML were linked to hippocampal atrophy.
  • Rolstad, Sindre, 1976, et al. (författare)
  • Amyloid-β₄₂ is associated with cognitive impairment in healthy elderly and subjective cognitive impairment.
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: Journal of Alzheimers Disorder. - 1387-2877. ; 26:1, s. 135-142
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The aim of this study was to predict cognitive performance on the basis of the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) biomarkers total tau (T-tau) and amyloid-β42 (Aβ42) in controls and patients at various impairment levels. Previous studies have found an association of CSF T-tau levels with cognitive symptoms, but it has been difficult to relate Aβ to cognition, and it has thus been hypothesized that Aβ reaches a plateau level prior to cognitive symptoms. A comprehensive battery of neuropsychological tests was subjected to factor analysis to yield aggregated cognitive domains. Linear regression models were performed for the total sample of the Gothenburg MCI study (n = 435) and for each level of impairment. Aβ42 and T-tau accounted for a significant proportion of performance in all cognitive domains in the total sample. In controls (n = 60) and patients with subjective cognitive impairment (n = 105), Aβ42 predicted a significant proportion of semantic and working memory performance. For patients with mild cognitive impairment (n = 170), T-tau had the most pronounced impact across cognitive domains, and more specifically on episodic memory, visuospatial, and speed/executive performance. For patients with dementia (n = 100), the most pronounced impacts of Aβ42 were found in episodic memory and visuospatial functioning, while T-tau was substantially associated with episodic memory. Our results suggest that cognition is related to CSF biomarkers regardless of impairment level. Aβ42 is associated with cognitive functions from a potentially early to a later disease phase, and T-tau is more indicative of performance in a later disease phase.
  • Wallin, Anders, 1950, et al. (författare)
  • Progression from mild to pronounced MCI is not associated with cerebrospinal fluid biomarker deviations.
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: Dementia and geriatric cognitive disorders. - 1421-9824. ; 32:3, s. 193-7
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background/Aim: Detection of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) biomarker deviations improve prediction of progression from mild cognitive impairment (MCI) to dementia. However, it is not settled whether the same pattern exists in patients progressing from very mild to more pronounced MCI. Given that neurodegenerative processes occur very early in the disease course, we also expected to find biomarker deviations in these patients. Methods: A total of 246 memory clinic patients with non-progressive (n = 161), progressive (n = 19), or converting (n = 66) MCI, 67 with stable dementia, and 80 controls were followed for 24 months. At baseline, CSF total tau (T-tau), β-amyloid 1–42 (Aβ42) and the light subunit of neurofilament protein (NFL) were determined. Results: Patients with converting MCI and stable dementia had lower CSF Aβ42 concentrations and higher T-tau concentrations and NFL in comparison with controls and non-progressive/progressive MCI (p < 0.0005). No differences were found between progressive and non-progressive MCI. Conclusion: As expected, biomarker deviations predicted progression from MCI to dementia. Contrary to our hypothesis, progression from very mild MCI to more pronounced MCI was not reflected by biomarker deviations. The results suggest that the measured biomarkers are not early disease markers, or alternatively Alzheimer or vascular pathology is not the underlying cause in this patient group.
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