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Sökning: WFRF:(Schulman S) > (2020-2023)

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  • Thoma, B, et al. (författare)
  • An international, interprofessional investigation of the self-reported podcast listening habits of emergency clinicians: A METRIQ Study
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: CJEM. - : Springer Science and Business Media LLC. - 1481-8043 .- 1481-8035. ; 22:1, s. 112-117
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • ObjectivesPodcasts are increasingly being used for medical education. A deeper understanding of usage patterns would inform both producers and researchers of medical podcasts. We aimed to determine how and why podcasts are used by emergency medicine and critical care clinicians.MethodsAn international interprofessional sample (medical students, residents, physicians, nurses, physician assistants, and paramedics) was recruited through direct contact and a multimodal social media (Twitter and Facebook) campaign. Each participant completed a survey outlining how and why they utilize medical podcasts. Recruitment materials included an infographic and study website.Results390 participants from 33 countries and 4 professions (medicine, nursing, paramedicine, physician assistant) completed the survey. Participants most frequently listened to medical podcasts to review new literature (75.8%), learn core material (75.1%), and refresh memory (71.8%). The majority (62.6%) were aware of the ability to listen at increased speeds, but most (76.9%) listened at 1.0 x (normal) speed. All but 25 (6.4%) participants concurrently performed other tasks while listening. Driving (72.3%), exercising (39.7%), and completing chores (39.2%) were the most common. A minority of participants used active learning techniques such as pausing, rewinding, and replaying segments of the podcast. Very few listened to podcasts multiple times.ConclusionsAn international cohort of emergency clinicians use medical podcasts predominantly for learning. Their listening habits (rarely employing active learning strategies and frequently performing concurrent tasks) may not support this goal. Further exploration of the impact of these activities on learning from podcasts is warranted.
  • Davis, B, et al. (författare)
  • Voices of chemical biology
  • 2021
  • Ingår i: Nature chemical biology. - : Springer Science and Business Media LLC. - 1552-4469 .- 1552-4450. ; 17:1, s. 1-4
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)
  • Wik, H. S., et al. (författare)
  • Post-thrombotic syndrome in patients with venous thromboembolism treated with dabigatran or warfarin: A long-term cross-sectional follow-up of RE-COVER study patients
  • 2021
  • Ingår i: Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis. - : Elsevier BV. - 1538-7933 .- 1538-7836. ; 19:10, s. 2495-2503
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background Studies suggest that the direct factor Xa inhibitor rivaroxaban compared to warfarin reduces the risk of post-thrombotic syndrome (PTS) after deep vein thrombosis (DVT), but this has not been evaluated for oral direct thrombin inhibitors. Objectives To compare the long-term prevalence of PTS, recurrent venous thromboembolism (VTE), and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in patients with acute DVT and/or pulmonary embolism (PE), randomized to treatment with dabigatran or warfarin in the phase III RE-COVER studies. Methods We conducted a cross-sectional follow-up study of patients randomized in Canada, Norway, and Sweden. PTS was assessed by the patient-reported Villalta scale (PRV) and HRQoL by EQ-5D and VEINES-QOL/Sym. Results We included 349 patients between December 2015 and November 2018; 166 were treated with dabigatran and 183 with warfarin. DVT (+/- PE) was index event in 255 patients, whereas 94 patients had PE only. Mean time from index event was 8.7 (standard deviation 1.4) years. PTS was diagnosed in 63% of patients with DVT and in 46% of patients with PE only, and did not differ between the treatment groups; the crude odds ratio (OR) for PTS in patients treated with dabigatran compared with warfarin was 1.1 (95% confidence interval [CI] 0.6-1.8) after DVT and 1.2 (95% CI 0.5-2.6) after PE only. The prevalence of recurrent VTE was 21% in both treatment groups. HRQoL scores did not differ between groups. Conclusion In this long-term cross-sectional study, the prevalence of PTS, recurrent VTE, and HRQoL were similar in patients treated with dabigatran and warfarin.
  • Sherpa, Dawafuti, et al. (författare)
  • Modular UBE2H-CTLH E2-E3 complexes regulate erythroid maturation
  • 2022
  • Ingår i: eLIFE. - : eLife Sciences Publications, Ltd. - 2050-084X. ; 11
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The development of haematopoietic stem cells into mature erythrocytes - erythropoiesis - is a controlled process characterized by cellular reorganization and drastic reshaping of the proteome landscape. Failure of ordered erythropoiesis is associated with anaemias and haematological malignancies. Although the ubiquitin system is a known crucial post-translational regulator in erythropoiesis, how the erythrocyte is reshaped by the ubiquitin system is poorly understood. By measuring the proteomic landscape of in vitro human erythropoiesis models, we found dynamic differential expression of subunits of the CTLH E3 ubiquitin ligase complex that formed maturation stage-dependent assemblies of topologically homologous RANBP9- and RANBP10-CTLH complexes. Moreover, protein abundance of CTLH's cognate E2 ubiquitin conjugating enzyme UBE2H increased during terminal differentiation, and UBE2H expression depended on catalytically active CTLH E3 complexes. CRISPR-Cas9-mediated inactivation of CTLH E3 assemblies or UBE2H in erythroid progenitors revealed defects, including spontaneous and accelerated erythroid maturation as well as inefficient enucleation. Thus, we propose that dynamic maturation stage-specific changes of UBE2H-CTLH E2-E3 modules control the orderly progression of human erythropoiesis.
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