Sök i SwePub databas

  Utökad sökning

Träfflista för sökning "WFRF:(Siegbahn Agneta) srt2:(2005-2009)"

Sökning: WFRF:(Siegbahn Agneta) > (2005-2009)

  • Resultat 1-10 av 45
  • [1]2345Nästa
Sortera/gruppera träfflistan
  • Alström, Ulrica, et al. (författare)
  • Platelet inhibition assessed with VerifyNow, flow cytometry and PlateletMapping in patients undergoing heart surgery
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Thrombosis Research. - : Elsevier BV. - 0049-3848 .- 1879-2472. ; 124:5, s. 572-577
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • INTRODUCTION: A substantial number of patients with coronary artery disease undergo cardiac surgery within five days of discontinuing anti-platelet treatment with aspirin and clopidogrel. The aims of this study were to describe the degree of platelet inhibition in patients with dual anti-platelet treatment scheduled for coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery and to investigate whether the measured platelet inhibition correlated to intra- and postoperative risk for bleeding and transfusion requirements. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Sixty patients were included. Platelet inhibition was analysed with flow cytometry including phosphorylation status of the vasodilator-stimulated phosphoprotein (VASP-assay) and two bed-side analyzers, VerifyNow-System and PlateletMapping, a modified thrombelastograph. All 60 patients were analysed with VerifyNow and PlateletMapping, and 48 were analysed with flow cytometry and VASP-assay. RESULTS: There was a correlation between the ADP-receptor inhibition as measured by VASP-assay and VerifyNowP2Y(12) (r = -0.29, p<0.05), and between VASP-assay and the expression of P-selectin (r = 0.29, p<0.05) as measured by flow cytometry when platelets were stimulated with 5 microM ADP. VerifyNowP2Y(12) was the only measurement of platelet inhibition correlated to total blood loss (Spearman r = 0.29, p=0.03) and red blood cell transfusion (Spearman r = 0.43, p<0.01) requirements, although this might be confounded by aprotinin treatment. CONCLUSION: We found a modest agreement between the methods for preoperative platelet inhibition, though not for PlateletMapping-MA(ADP). There was a correlation between preoperative platelet inhibition measured by VerifyNowP2Y(12) and surgical blood loss or transfusion requirements. However, for the individual patient, preoperative use of VerifyNowP2Y(12) as an instrument to decide bleeding and transfusion risk does not seem helpful.
  • Alström, Ulrica, et al. (författare)
  • The platelet inhibiting effect of a clopidogrel bolus dose in patients on long-term acetylsalicylic acid treatment
  • 2007
  • Ingår i: Thrombosis Research. - : Elsevier BV. - 0049-3848 .- 1879-2472. ; 120:3, s. 353-359
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • INTRODUCTION: Addition of clopidogrel to patients treated with ASA has been shown to decrease the incidence of in-stent thrombosis after percutaneous coronary interventions. However, it has also been reported that up to 30% of patients do not achieve adequate platelet inhibition from standard dosages of ASA and clopidogrel. There is a demand for reliable methods to measure the individual platelet inhibiting effect of this combination therapy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The primary aim of the present investigation was to compare three methods for evaluation of the platelet inhibiting effect of a clopidogrel bolus dose in patients on long-term acetylsalicylic acid treatment. Thirty patients presenting for coronary angiography/PCI were included. Two patients were excluded due to technical problems. All patients were on 75-100 mg ASA/day for at least 8 days. Blood samples were analysed before and 16 h after a 300 mg clopidogrel bolus dose. The platelet inhibiting effect was measured with (1) Whole blood flow cytometry (17 patients); (2) a bed-side test, Platelet Mapping assay for the thrombelastograph (28 patients); and (3) PFA (Platelet function analyser) -100 (26 patients). RESULTS: With flow cytometry, the percentage of platelets expressing P-selectin (p=0.03) on their surface decreased significantly after the bolus dose of clopidogrel. There was also a reduction of platelets binding fibrinogen when stimulated with ADP. A significantly (p=0.002) increased platelet inhibition could also be demonstrated with Platelet Mapping. PFA-100 could not measure any significant platelet inhibiting effect of clopidogrel. CONCLUSION: A significant platelet inhibition could be demonstrated with flow cytometry and the Platelet Mapping assay, but not with PFA-100. However, levels of response for the individual patient with these three methods were inconsistent. Further studies are needed to evaluate how the results correlate to the clinical risk of thrombosis and bleeding.
  • Braun, Oscar, et al. (författare)
  • Greater reduction of platelet activation markers and platelet-monocyte aggregates by prasugrel compared to clopidogrel in stable coronary artery disease
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: Thrombosis and Haemostasis. - : Schattauer GmbH. - 0340-6245 .- 2567-689X. ; 100:4, s. 626-633
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Prasugrel, a novel P2Y(12) ADP-receptor antagonist, has been reported to achieve greater inhibition of platelet aggregation compared to clopidogrel as assessed by light transmission aggregometry. It was the objective of this study to investigate the effect of prasugrel on alternative markers of platelet activation in comparison to a high loading dose and the approved maintenance dose of clopidogrel. One hundred ten aspirin-treated patients with stable coronary artery disease were randomized to a loading dose (LD, day 1)/ maintenance dose (MD, days 2-29) of prasugrel 60 mg/10 mg or clopidogrel 600 mg/75 mg. Platelet activation markers were analyzed by whole blood flow cytometry pre-dose and at 2 and 24 hours after LD and pre-dose at 14 and 29 days. After stimulation with 20 mu M ADP, 2 hours after LD, significantly lower expression of activated GPIIb/IIIa (4.3 vs. 21.8 [mean fluorescent intensity (MFI)], p < 0.001) and P-selectin (2.0 vs. 11.7 MR, p < 0.001) along with decreased formation of platelet-monocyte aggregates (16.4% vs. 29.6% positive cells, p < 0.001) was observed with prasugrel versus clopidogrel. All these effects were maintained through 24 hours and during the MD period. In conclusion, prasugrel 60 mg LD and 10 mg MD inhibit several markers of platelet activation and the formation of platelet-monocyte aggregates more effectively than a 600 mg LD and 75 mg MD of clopidogrel. Attenuated platelet aggregation and reduced expression of platelet pro-coagulant and pro-inflammatory markers with prasugrel suggest the potential to reduce cardiovascular events both in the acute setting and in long-term treatment.
  • Christersson, Christina, et al. (författare)
  • Early decrease in coagulation activity after myocardial infarction is associated with lower risk of new ischemic events : Observations from the ESTEEM trial
  • 2007
  • Ingår i: European Heart Journal. - : Oxford University Press (OUP). - 0195-668X .- 1522-9645. ; 28:6, s. 692-698
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • AIM: Patients with a recent myocardial infarction have an increased risk of recurrent ischaemic events. In the ESTEEM trial, the oral direct thrombin inhibitor ximelagatran reduced the risk of new ischaemic events when compared with placebo in aspirin treated post myocardial infarction patients. Ximelagatran persistently reduced markers of coagulation activity, i.e. prothrombin fragment 1 + 2 (F1 + 2) and D-dimer levels. The aim of this substudy was to evaluate the levels of these markers and activated thromboplastin time (APTT) in relation to new ischaemic events or bleeding. METHODS AND RESULTS: In the substudy, 518 out of 1883 patients were included and within 14 days after a myocardial infarction randomized to ximelagatran or placebo for 6 months. The clinical endpoints death, myocardial infarction, severe recurrent ischaemia, ischaemic stroke, and bleeding were evaluated. The levels of F1 + 2, D-dimer, and APTT were analysed at randomization and in serial samples during the study. Ximelagatran treatment appeared to have a larger treatment effect in patients with F1 + 2 and D-dimer levels above the median at randomization with a reduction of ischaemic events from 18 to 9% (P = 0.03) for F1 + 2 and from 20 to 9% for D-dimer (P = 0.009). A reduction of D-dimer levels was found in 60% of the patients 1 week after randomization and these patients had less ischaemic events when compared with patients with unchanged or increased levels (P = 0.03) regardless of treatment. F1 + 2 and D-dimer levels were unrelated to bleeding risk. In the ximelagatran group, increased APTT was not related to ischaemic events but associated with a raised risk of bleeding. CONCLUSION: A reduction of initially high coagulation activity, as measured by the D-dimer level, in patients with recent myocardial infarction identifies patients with a decreased risk of new ischaemic events, regardless whether the reduction occurs spontaneously or is induced by pharmacological means. Patients with higher initial coagulation activity seemed to benefit most from long-term treatment with ximelagatran.
  • Christersson, Christina, et al. (författare)
  • Long-term treatment with ximelagatran, an oral direct thrombin inhibitor, persistently reduces the coagulation activity after a myocardial infarction
  • 2005
  • Ingår i: Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis. - : Elsevier BV. - 1538-7933 .- 1538-7836. ; 3:10, s. 2245-53
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND: In the ESTEEM study, patients with a recent myocardial infarction were treated with aspirin and randomized to one of four doses (24-60 mg b.i.d) of the oral direct thrombin inhibitor ximelagatran or placebo for 6 months. Ximelagatran and aspirin reduced the risk of recurrent ischemic events compared with aspirin alone. In the present substudy we evaluated the different doses of ximelagatran on pharmacokinetics as measured by plasma concentration of the active compound melagatran and activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT) and pharmacodynamics as related by markers for coagulation activity, prothrombin fragment 1 + 2 (F1 + 2) and D-dimer. METHODS AND RESULTS: Plasma samples from 518 patients were collected before, during and after the treatment period. There was a linear dose-concentration relation at peak and trough and a linear relation between concentration and APTT (P < 0.001). F1 + 2 and D-dimer were decreased by 25% and 52% at 1 week (P < 0.001) in the ximelagatran groups compared with the placebo group and the reductions were maintained during the 6 months treatment. There were no differences detected in F1 + 2 or D-dimer levels between the different ximelagatran dosages. There was no correlation between the melagatran concentration and the change in F1 + 2 and D-dimer levels. After cessation of ximelagatran F1 + 2 and D-dimer levels returned to the initial levels. CONCLUSION: The dose of ximelagatran and APTT are linearly related to the plasma concentration of melagatran. Ximelagatran induces a sustained and stable reduction of thrombin generation and fibrin turnover without any relation to dose above 24 mg b.i.d. These properties indicate that long-term treatment with a low dose of ximelagatran may provide valuable depression of coagulation activity in aspirin treated post myocardial infarction patients.
  • Christersson, Christina, 1966- (författare)
  • Regulation of Tissue Factor and Coagulation Activity : Translation Studies with Focus on Platelet-Monocyte Aggregates and Patients with Acute Coronary Syndrome
  • 2008
  • Doktorsavhandling (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • Myocardial infarction (MI) is often caused by a disruption of an atherosclerotic plaque with activation of coagulation, platelets and inflammation. The aims were; to investigate whether the oral direct thrombin inhibitor, ximelagatran affected markers for coagulation, platelet and inflammation in a patient cohort with recent MI and if the coagulation markers could identify patients with increased risk of new ischemic events; to evaluate some of the mechanisms involved in formation of platelet-monocyte aggregates (PMAs). In a biomarker substudy patients with recent MI were randomized to 24-60 mg of ximelagatran or placebo for six months. There was a persistent dose-independent reduction of coagulation markers (F1+2, D-dimer) by ximelagatran treatment. 60 % reduced their D-dimer levels after one week and that group had less ischemic events during treatment. There was an early increase of the platelet activation marker and ximelagatran in higher doses attenuated these increased levels. Both in vivo and in vitro the direct thrombin inhibitor diminished procoagulant activity and tissue factor (TF) presenting microparticles. In contrast, the inflammatory markers increased after six months of ximelagatran treatment. The PMA-levels were elevated for long-term after MI. In vitro thrombin inhibition diminished formation of PMAs. Formation of PMAs in stimulated whole blood was P-selectin dependent and induced TF expression through phosphorylation of the Src-family member Lyn in monocytes. Addition of an oral direct thrombin inhibitor reduces coagulation and platelet activation markers for long-term after a MI together with reduced procoagulant activity which may contribute to the clinical benefit of the drug. Early reduction of D-dimer levels seems to be suitable to identify patients with reduced risk of new ischemic events independent of antithrombotic treatment. Circulating PMAs persist after a MI connecting coagulation to inflammation. Within these aggregates P-selectin induces TF, the main initiator of coagulation, partly through phosphorylation of Lyn.
  • Christersson, Christina, et al. (författare)
  • Tissue factor and IL8 production by P-selectin-dependent platelet-monocyte aggregates in whole blood involves phosphorylation of Lyn and is inhibited by IL10
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis. - : Elsevier BV. - 1538-7933 .- 1538-7836. ; 6:6, s. 986-994
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND: P-selectin and CD40L expressed by activated platelets induce tissue factor (TF) and inflammatory cytokines in monocytes, but little is known of the cellular signaling pathways involved. The anti-inflammatory cytokine IL10 reduces atherosclerotic plaque formation. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the importance of P-selectin upon platelet-monocyte aggregate (PMA) formation in thrombin receptor activator peptide (TRAP) stimulated whole blood, the P-selectin-P-selectin glycoprotein ligand (PSGL)-1-induced cellular signaling pathway, and the effects of IL10 on these functions. METHODS: TF, IL8, and monocyte chemotactic protein-1 (MCP-1) production, PMAs and phosphorylation of Lyn were analyzed in whole blood, purified monocytes, and vitamin D(3)-differentiated U-937 cells stimulated with TRAP or P-selectin with or without IL10. Anti-P-selectin or anti-CD40L antibodies (Abs), Src-kinases inhibitors, SU6656 or PP2, were added in some experiments. RESULTS: TRAP and P-selectin increased TF, IL8, and MCP-1 mRNA in whole blood and purified monocytes. Anti-P-selectin Ab reduced TRAP-induced PMA formation by 80 +/- 2% (P = 0.001) and production of TF (P = 0.04) and IL8 (P = 0.01). IL10 and SU6656 had no effect on PMA formation, although both significantly reduced TF (P = 0.002 and P = 0.02) and IL8 (P = 0.009 and P = 0.001) mRNA upon TRAP and P-selectin stimulation. Induced Lyn phosphorylation in monocytes was diminished by SU6656 (P = 0.02), anti-P-selectin Ab (P = 0.02), and IL10 (P = 0.03) upon TRAP or P-selectin stimulation. These results were confirmed in the vitamin D(3)-differentiated U-937 cells. CONCLUSIONS: The formation of PMAs in whole blood was P-selectin-dependent in the long term. P-selectin-PSGL-1-induced TF and IL8 expression through Lyn phosphorylation, and part of the inhibitory effect of IL10 depends on reduced phosphorylation.
  • Erlinge, David, et al. (författare)
  • Patients with poor responsiveness to thienopyridine treatment or with diabetes have lower levels of circulating active metabolite, but their platelets respond normally to active metabolite added ex vivo
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: Journal of the American College of Cardiology. - : Elsevier BV. - 0735-1097 .- 1558-3597. ; 52:24, s. 1968-77
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • OBJECTIVES: We evaluated the prevalence and mechanism of poor responsiveness to clopidogrel and prasugrel in coronary artery disease patients with and without diabetes. BACKGROUND: Low platelet inhibition by clopidogrel is associated with ischemic clinical events. A higher 600-mg loading dose (LD) has been advocated to increase responsiveness to clopidogrel. METHODS: In this study, 110 aspirin-treated patients were randomized to double-blind treatment with clopidogrel 600 mg LD/75 mg maintenance dose (MD) for 28 days or prasugrel 60 mg LD/10 mg MD for 28 days. Pharmacodynamic (PD) response was evaluated by light transmission aggregometry and vasodilator-stimulated phosphoprotein phosphorylation. The PD poor responsiveness was defined with 4 definitions previously associated with worse clinical outcomes. Active metabolites (AM) of clopidogrel and prasugrel were measured. Clopidogrel AM was added ex vivo. RESULTS: The proportion of patients with poor responsiveness was greater in the clopidogrel group for all definitions at all time points from 1 h to 29 days. Poor responders had significantly lower plasma AM levels compared with responders. Patients with diabetes were over-represented in the poor-responder groups and had significantly lower levels of AM. Platelets of both poor responders and diabetic patients responded fully to AM added ex vivo. CONCLUSIONS: Prasugrel treatment results in significantly fewer PD poor responders compared with clopidogrel after a 600-mg clopidogrel LD and during MD. The mechanism of incomplete platelet inhibition in clopidogrel poor-responder groups and in diabetic patients is lower plasma levels of its AM and not differences in platelet P2Y(12) receptor function.
Skapa referenser, mejla, bekava och länka
  • Resultat 1-10 av 45
  • [1]2345Nästa
Typ av publikation
tidskriftsartikel (39)
doktorsavhandling (4)
forskningsöversikt (1)
bokkapitel (1)
Typ av innehåll
refereegranskat (39)
övrigt vetenskapligt (6)
Siegbahn, Agneta (28)
Siegbahn, Agneta, 19 ... (16)
Wallentin, Lars, 194 ... (15)
Wallentin, Lars (13)
James, Stefan, 1964- (6)
Oldgren, Jonas (6)
visa fler...
Winters, Kenneth J. (6)
Johnston, Nina (6)
Erlinge, David (5)
Jernberg, Tomas (5)
Braun, Oscar (5)
Lindahl, Bertil, 195 ... (4)
Christersson, Christ ... (4)
Oldgren, Jonas, 1964 ... (4)
Nilsson, Bo (3)
Åberg, Mikael (3)
Lagerqvist, Bo, 1952 ... (3)
Korsgren, Olle (2)
Bergqvist, David (2)
Syvänen, Ann-Christi ... (2)
Ståhle, Elisabeth (2)
Eriksson, Per (2)
Hamsten, Anders (2)
Lagerqvist, Bo (2)
Lindahl, Bertil (2)
Venge, Per (2)
Lindbäck, Johan (2)
Alström, Ulrica (2)
Tydén, Hans (2)
Johansson, H (1)
Granath, Fredrik (1)
Lind, Lars (1)
Ringvall, Maria (1)
Axelsson, Tomas (1)
Heldin, Carl-Henrik (1)
Boman, Kurt (1)
Sigurdsson, Snaevar (1)
Bylock, A (1)
Stridsberg, Mats (1)
James, Stefan K (1)
Goto, M. (1)
Baigent, Colin (1)
Olsson, Anna-Karin (1)
Hedin, Ulf (1)
Larsson, R (1)
Husted, Steen (1)
Verheugt, Freek W. (1)
De Caterina, Raffael ... (1)
Hulthe, Johannes (1)
Pietras, Kristian (1)
visa färre...
Uppsala universitet (45)
Lunds universitet (5)
Karolinska Institutet (4)
Mittuniversitetet (2)
Umeå universitet (1)
Engelska (44)
Odefinierat språk (1)
Forskningsämne (UKÄ/SCB)
Medicin och hälsovetenskap (10)


Kungliga biblioteket hanterar dina personuppgifter i enlighet med EU:s dataskyddsförordning (2018), GDPR. Läs mer om hur det funkar här.
Så här hanterar KB dina uppgifter vid användning av denna tjänst.

pil uppåt Stäng

Kopiera och spara länken för att återkomma till aktuell vy