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Sökning: WFRF:(Sorbye H) > (2020-2022)

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1.
  • Kjellman, M., et al. (författare)
  • A Plasma Protein Biomarker Strategy for Detection of Small Intestinal Neuroendocrine Tumors
  • 2021
  • Ingår i: Neuroendocrinology. - : Karger. - 0028-3835 .- 1423-0194. ; 111:9, s. 840-849
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: Small intestinal neuroendocrine tumors (SI-NETs) are difficult to diagnose in the early stage of disease. Current blood biomarkers such as chromogranin A (CgA) and 5-hydroxyindolacetic acid have low sensitivity (SEN) and specificity (SPE). This is a first preplanned interim analysis (Nordic non-interventional, prospective, exploratory, EXPLAIN study [NCT02630654]). Its objective is to investigate if a plasma protein multi-biomarker strategy can improve diagnostic accuracy (ACC) in SI-NETs. Methods: At the time of diagnosis, before any disease-specific treatment was initiated, blood was collected from patients with advanced SI-NETs and 92 putative cancer-related plasma proteins from 135 patients were analyzed and compared with the results of age- and sex-matched controls (n = 143), using multiplex proximity extension assay and machine learning techniques. Results: Using a random forest model including 12 top ranked plasma proteins in patients with SI-NETs, the multi-biomarker strategy showed SEN and SPE of 89 and 91%, respectively, with negative predictive value (NPV) and positive predictive value (PPV) of 90 and 91%, respectively, to identify patients with regional or metastatic disease with an area under the receiver operator characteristic curve (AUROC) of 99%. In 30 patients with normal CgA concentrations, the model provided a diagnostic SPE of 98%, SEN of 56%, and NPV 90%, PPV of 90%, and AUROC 97%, regardless of proton pump inhibitor intake. Conclusion: This interim analysis demonstrates that a multi-biomarker/machine learning strategy improves diagnostic ACC of patients with SI-NET at the time of diagnosis, especially in patients with normal CgA levels. The results indicate that this multi-biomarker strategy can be useful for early detection of SI-NETs at presentation and conceivably detect recurrence after radical primary resection.
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  • Aasebø, Kristine, et al. (författare)
  • Prognostic role of tumour-infiltrating lymphocytes and macrophages in relation to MSI, CDX2 and BRAF status : a population-based study of metastatic colorectal cancer patients.
  • 2022
  • Ingår i: British Journal of Cancer. - 0007-0920 .- 1532-1827. ; 126:1, s. 48-56
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND: Tumour-infiltrating CD3, CD8 lymphocytes and CD68 macrophages are associated with favourable prognosis in localised colorectal cancer, but the effect in metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) is not established.METHODS: A Scandinavian population-based cohort of non-resectable mCRC patients was studied. Tissue microarrays (n = 460) were stained with CD3, CD8 and CD68 using fluorescence-based multiplex immunohistochemistry. Associations with clinicopathological variables, overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival were estimated.RESULTS: Two-thirds of microsatellite instable (MSI) and one-fourth of microsatellite stable (MSS) tumours displayed the highest quartile density of CD8. For CD3 high vs low cases, median OS was 20 vs 16 months (HR: 0.76, 95% CI: 0.59, 0.76, p = 0.025) with 3-year OS of 27 vs 13%. For CD68 high vs low cases, median OS was 23 vs 15 months (HR: 0.69, 95% CI: 0.54, 0.88, p = 0.003) with 3-year OS of 28 vs 12%. MSI, BRAF mutation and CDX2 loss were negative prognostic markers independent of tumour immune infiltration.CONCLUSIONS: In mCRC, high lymphocyte infiltration was found in proportions of MSI and MSS tumours-potential subgroups of immunotherapy response. Tumour-infiltrating CD3 lymphocytes and CD68 macrophages were associated with median and long-term survival. MSI was a significant negative prognostic marker despite high immunogenicity.
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  • Elvebakken, Hege, et al. (författare)
  • A Consensus-Developed Morphological Re-Evaluation of 196 High-Grade Gastroenteropancreatic Neuroendocrine Neoplasms and Its Clinical Correlations
  • 2021
  • Ingår i: Neuroendocrinology. - : KARGER. - 0028-3835 .- 1423-0194. ; 111:9, s. 883-894
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • High-grade gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine neoplasms (GEP-NENs) are classified according to morphology as well-differentiated neuroendocrine tumours (NETs) G3 or poorly differentiated neuroendocrine carcinomas (NECs). Little data exist concerning which morphological criteria this subdivision should be based on. Uncertainty exists if the NEC group should be further subdivided according to proliferation rate. Clinical data on NET G3 and NEC with a lower Ki-67 range are limited. A total of 213 patients with high-grade GEP-NEN (Ki-67 >20%) were included from the Nordic NEC Registries. Four experienced NET pathologists re-evaluated the cases to develop the best morphological criteria to separate NET G3 from NEC, assuming longer survival in NET G3. Organoid growth pattern, capillary network in direct contact to tumour cells, and absence of desmoplastic stroma were found to best separate NET G3 from NEC. Of 196 patients with metastatic disease, NET G3 was found in 12.3%, NEC with a Ki-67 <55% (NEC < 55) in 29.6%, and NEC with a Ki-67 >= 55% (NEC >= 55) in 56.6%. Only in 1.5%, the morphology was ambiguous. Of 164 patients receiving first-line chemotherapy, 88% received platinum/etoposide treatment. Response rate was higher for NEC >= 55 (44%) than that of NEC < 55 (25%) and NET G3 (24%) (p = 0.025 and p = 0.026). Median progression-free survival was 5 months for all groups. Median overall survival was 33 months for NET G3 compared to 11 months for both NEC < 55 and NEC >= 55 (p = 0.004 and 0.003). Specific morphological criteria can separate NET G3 from NECs and show prognostic significance. High-grade GEP-NEN patients stratified by morphology and proliferation rate demonstrate significant differences in response to chemotherapy and survival.
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  • Hamfjord, Julian, et al. (författare)
  • Clinicopathological factors associated with tumour-specific mutation detection in plasma of patients with RAS-mutated or BRAF-mutated metastatic colorectal cancer
  • 2021
  • Ingår i: International Journal of Cancer. - : WILEY. - 0020-7136 .- 1097-0215. ; 149:6, s. 1385-1397
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Detection of tumour-specific circulating cell-free DNA in plasma (ctDNA) fails in a significant number of cases depending on the clinical context. The primary aim was to investigate clinicopathological factors associated with detection of ctDNA in patients with RAS-/BRAF-mutated metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) prior to first-line therapy. A secondary aim was to evaluate the prognostic impact of ctDNA compared to other biomarkers. Patients were included from the NORDIC-VII study (N = 253). ctDNA was sampled prior to treatment and analysed for hotspot tissue mutations (KRAS, NRAS, and BRAF) using droplet digital PCR. Multivariable regression models were constructed to predict the probability of mutation detection and survival. Increasing radiological size of target lesions by increments of 1 cm (odds ratio [OR] = 1.18; 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.09-1.27; P < .001), intact primary tumour (OR = 3.17; 95% CI 1.22-8.22; P = .018) and more than one metastatic site (OR = 3.08; 95% CI 1.32-7.19; P = .009) were associated with mutation detection in plasma. Metastatic involvement of the lung was associated with non-detection (OR = 0.26; 95% CI 0.12-0.58; P = .001). Preanalytical and analytical factors modulated detection. High allele frequencies of ctDNA indicated poor prognosis independently of CEA and CA19-9 (hazard ratio [HR] = 2.38; 95% CI 1.74-3.26; P < .001; N = 206). Clinicopathological characteristics should be carefully considered when evaluating ctDNA results from mCRC patients, especially when confronted with a plasma negative result. ctDNA may prove to be a clinically useful marker in the evaluation of mCRC treatment.
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  • Sorbye, L. M., et al. (författare)
  • Interpregnancy weight change and recurrence of gestational diabetes mellitus : a population-based cohort study
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: British Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology. - : WILEY. - 1470-0328 .- 1471-0528. ; 127:13, s. 1608-1616
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Objective To estimate recurrence risk of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) by interpregnancy weight change. Design Population-based cohort study. Setting and population Data from the Swedish (1992-2010) and the Norwegian (2006-2014) Medical Birth Registries on 2763 women with GDM in first pregnancy, registered with their first two singleton births and available information on height and weight. Methods Interpregnancy weight change (BMI in second pregnancy minus BMI in first pregnancy) was categorised in six groups by BMI units. Relative risks (RRs) of GDM recurrence were obtained by general linear models for the binary family and adjusted for confounders. Analyses were stratified by BMI in first pregnancy (<25 and >= 25 kg/m(2)). Main outcome measure GDM in second pregnancy. Results Among overweight/obese women (BMI >= 25), recurrence risk of GDM decreased in women who reduced their BMI by 1-2 units (relative risk [RR] 0.80, 95% CI 0.65-0.99) and >2 units (RR 0.72, 95% CI 0.59-0.89) and increased if BMI increased by >= 4 units (RR 1.26, 95% CI 1.05-1.51) compared wth women with stable BMI (-1 to 1 units). In normal weight women (BMI <25), risk of GDM recurrence increased if BMI increased by 2-4 units (RR 1.32, 95% CI 1.08-1.60) and >= 4 units (RR 1.61, 95% CI 1.28-2.02) compared with women with stable BMI. Conclusion Interpregnancy weight loss reduced risk of GDM recurrence in overweight/obese women. Weight gain between pregnancies increased recurrence risk for GDM in both normal and overweight/obese women. Our findings highlight the importance of weight management in the interconception window in women with a history of GDM.
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