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Träfflista för sökning "WFRF:(Springer W) srt2:(2015-2019)"

Sökning: WFRF:(Springer W) > (2015-2019)

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  • Aartsen, M. G., et al. (författare)
  • Multiwavelength follow-up of a rare IceCube neutrino multiplet
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Astronomy and Astrophysics. - : EDP SCIENCES S A. - 0004-6361 .- 1432-0746. ; 607
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • On February 17, 2016, the IceCube real-time neutrino search identified, for the first time, three muon neutrino candidates arriving within 100 s of one another, consistent with coming from the same point in the sky. Such a triplet is expected once every 13.7 years as a random coincidence of background events. However, considering the lifetime of the follow-up program the probability of detecting at least one triplet from atmospheric background is 32%. Follow-up observatories were notified in order to search for an electromagnetic counterpart. Observations were obtained by Swift's X-ray telescope, by ASAS-SN, LCO and MASTER at optical wavelengths, and by VERITAS in the very-high-energy gamma-ray regime. Moreover, the Swift BAT serendipitously observed the location 100 s after the first neutrino was detected, and data from the Fermi LAT and HAWC observatory were analyzed. We present details of the neutrino triplet and the follow-up observations. No likely electromagnetic counterpart was detected, and we discuss the implications of these constraints on candidate neutrino sources such as gamma-ray bursts, core-collapse supernovae and active galactic nucleus flares. This study illustrates the potential of and challenges for future follow-up campaigns.
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  • Abeysekara, A. U., et al. (författare)
  • VERITAS and Fermi-LAT Observations of TeV Gamma-Ray Sources Discovered by HAWC in the 2HWC Catalog
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Astrophysical Journal. - : Institute of Physics Publishing. - 0004-637X .- 1538-4357. ; 866:1
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The High Altitude Water Cherenkov (HAWC) collaboration recently published their 2HWC catalog, listing 39 very high energy (VHE; >100 GeV) gamma-ray sources based on 507 days of observation. Among these, 19 sources are not associated with previously known teraelectronvolt (TeV) gamma-ray sources. We have studied 14 of these sources without known counterparts with VERITAS and Fermi-LAT. VERITAS detected weak gamma-ray emission in the 1 TeV-30 TeV band in the region of DA 495, a pulsar wind nebula coinciding with 2HWC J1953+294, confirming the discovery of the source by HAWC. We did not find any counterpart for the selected 14 new HAWC sources from our analysis of Fermi-LAT data for energies higher than 10 GeV. During the search, we detected gigaelectronvolt (GeV) gamma-ray emission coincident with a known TeV pulsar wind nebula, SNR G54.1+0.3 (VER J1930+188), and a 2HWC source, 2HWC J1930+188. The fluxes for isolated, steady sources in the 2HWC catalog are generally in good agreement with those measured by imaging atmospheric Cherenkov telescopes. However, the VERITAS fluxes for SNR G54.1+0.3, DA 495, and TeV J2032+4130 are lower than those measured by HAWC, and several new HAWC sources are not detected by VERITAS. This is likely due to a change in spectral shape, source extension, or the influence of diffuse emission in the source region.
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  • Metson, Genevieve, 1988-, et al. (författare)
  • Socio-environmental consideration of phosphorus flows in the urban sanitation chain of contrasting cities
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Regional Environmental Change. - Heildelberg : Springer. - 1436-3798 .- 1436-378X. ; 18:5, s. 1387-1401
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Understanding how cities can transform organic waste into a valuable resource is critical to urban sustainability. The capture and recycling of phosphorus (P), and other essential nutrients, from human excreta is particularly important as an alternative organic fertilizer source for agriculture. However, the complex set of socio-environmental factors influencing urban human excreta management is not yet sufficiently integrated into sustainable P research. Here, we synthesize information about the pathways P can take through urban sanitation systems along with barriers and facilitators to P recycling across cities. We examine five case study cities by using a sanitation chains approach: Accra, Ghana; Buenos Aires, Argentina; Beijing, China; Baltimore, USA; and London, England. Our cross-city comparison shows that London and Baltimore recycle a larger percentage of P from human excreta back to agricultural lands than other cities, and that there is a large diversity in socio-environmental factors that affect the patterns of recycling observed across cities. Our research highlights conditions that may be "necessary but not sufficient" for P recycling, including access to capital resources. Path dependencies of large sanitation infrastructure investments in the Global North contrast with rapidly urbanizing cities in the Global South, which present opportunities for alternative sanitation development pathways. Understanding such city-specific social and environmental barriers to P recycling options could help address multiple interacting societal objectives related to sanitation and provide options for satisfying global agricultural nutrient demand.
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  • Springer, W, et al. (författare)
  • Heterozygous PINK1 p.G411S mutation increases risk for Parkinson's disease (PD)
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: Movement Disorders. - : John Wiley & Sons Inc.. - 0885-3185. ; 31:Suppl. S2, s. 282-282
  • Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Objective: To investigate the possible disease-association and pathogenic mechanisms of heterozygous PINK1 mutations from a genetic, functional, and structural perspective. Background: It has been postulated that heterozygous mutations in recessive PD genes may increase disease risk. In particular, the PINK1 p.G411S mutation has been reported in families with dominant inheritance patterns, suggesting that it might confer a sizeable disease risk. Methods: We performed a pedigree analysis of seven patients with a heterozygous PINK1 p.G411S mutation with at least one additional affected family member. We screened five case-control series and performed a meta-analysis of previous studies that had examined the variant. For functional cell-based analyses, we used patients skin fibroblast from PINK1 p.G411S or p.Q456X heterozygotes and investigated endogenous protein levels and kinase activity by biochemistry and imaging. For structural analyses, we performed molecular modeling and generated monomeric and dimeric forms of wild type (WT) and mutant PINK1 protein. Using molecular dynamics simulations, we analyzed effects of the p.G411S mutation on WT PINK1 in a heterodimeric complex over time. Results: Our analyses revealed a genetic association of heterozygous PINK1 p.G411S mutation with an increased risk for PD and a possible dominant inheritance with incomplete co-segregation. In patients skin fibroblasts, we establish a dominant negative mode for heterozygous p.G411S mutations under endogenous conditions. While total PINK1 protein levels were similar to controls upon mitochondrial stress, cellular PINK1 kinase activity was significantly reduced in p.G411S heterozygotes compared to WT and importantly to p.Q456X heterozygotes, which resulted in 50% reduction of PINK1 protein levels. Structural analyses supported our hypothesis that the p.G411S mutation can poison PINK1 WT in a heterodimeric complex and thus effectively reduce cellular PINK1 kinase activity. This in turn impairs the protective functions of the PINK1/PARKIN-mediated mitochondrial quality control. Conclusions: Our study uncovers increased disease risk and molecular mechanisms of a particular heterozygous mutation in a recessive PD gene. Based on genetic and clinical evaluation as well as functional and structural characterization, we established PINK1 p.G411S as a rare genetic risk factor with a relatively large effect size conferred by a dominant negative function phenotype.
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  • Resultat 1-10 av 14
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