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Träfflista för sökning "WFRF:(Storey Robert F.) srt2:(2005-2009)"

Sökning: WFRF:(Storey Robert F.) > (2005-2009)

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1.
  • Harrington, Robert A., et al. (författare)
  • The Thrombin Receptor Antagonist for Clinical Event Reduction in Acute Coronary Syndrome (TRA.CER) trial : study design and rationale
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: American Heart Journal. - 0002-8703 .- 1097-6744. ; 158:3, s. 327-334
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background The protease-activated receptor 1 (PAR-1), the main platelet receptor for thrombin, represents a novel target for treatment of arterial thrombosis, and SCH 530348 is an orally active, selective, competitive PAR-1 antagonist. We designed TRA.CER to evaluate the efficacy and safety of SCH 530348 compared with placebo in addition to standard of care in patients with non-ST-segment elevation (NSTE) acute coronary syndromes (ACS) and high-risk features. Trial design TRA.CER is a prospective, randomized, double-blind, multicenter, phase III trial with an original estimated sample size of 10,000 subjects. Our primary objective is to demonstrate that SCH 530348 in addition to standard of care will reduce the incidence of the composite of cardiovascular death, myocardial infarction (MI), stroke, recurrent ischemia with rehospitalization, and urgent coronary revascularization compared with standard of care alone. Our key secondary objective is to determine whether SCH 530348 will reduce the composite of cardiovascular death, MI, or stroke compared with standard of care alone. Secondary objectives related to safety are the composite of moderate and severe GUSTO bleeding and clinically significant TIMI bleeding. The trial will continue until a predetermined minimum number of centrally adjudicated primary and key secondary end point events have occurred and all subjects have participated in the study for at least I year. The TRA.CER trial is part of the large phase III SCH 530348 development program that includes a concomitant evaluation in secondary prevention. Conclusion TRA.CER will define efficacy and safety of the novel platelet PAR-1 inhibitor SCH 530348 in the treatment of high-risk patients with NSTE ACS in the setting of current treatment strategies.
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2.
  • James, Stefan, 1964-, et al. (författare)
  • Comparison of ticagrelor, the first reversible oral P2Y(12) receptor antagonist, with clopidogrel in patients with acute coronary syndromes : Rationale, design, and baseline characteristics of the PLATelet inhibition and patient Outcomes (PLATO) trial
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: American Heart Journal. - 0002-8703 .- 1097-6744. ; 157:4, s. 599-605
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND: Antiplatelet therapy is essential treatment for acute coronary syndromes (ACS). Current therapies, however, have important limitations affecting their clinical success. Ticagrelor, the first reversible oral P2Y(12) receptor antagonist, provides faster, greater, and more consistent adenosine diphosphate-receptor inhibition than clopidogrel. The phase III PLATelet inhibition and patient Outcomes (PLATO) trial is designed to test the hypothesis that ticagrelor compared with clopidogrel will result in a lower risk of recurrent thrombotic events in a broad patient population with ACS. METHODS: PLATO is an international, randomized, double-blind, event-driven trial involving >18,000 patients hospitalized for ST-elevation ACS with scheduled primary percutaneous coronary intervention or for non-ST-elevation ACS. After loading doses of ticagrelor 180 mg or clopidogrel 300 mg in a double-blind, double-dummy fashion (with provision for additional 300 mg clopidogrel at percutaneous coronary intervention), patients will receive ticagrelor 90 mg twice daily or clopidogrel 75 mg once daily for 6 to 12 months on top of acetylsalicylic acid. The primary efficacy end point is time to first occurrence of death from vascular causes, myocardial infarction, or stroke. The primary safety variable is PLATO-defined major bleeding. An extensive substudy program will explore the pathophysiology of ACS, indicators of prognosis and response to treatment, mechanisms of effect and safety of the study medications, health economics, and quality of life. CONCLUSION: The PLATO study will provide a pivotal comparison of the efficacy and safety of ticagrelor with those of clopidogrel in ACS patients, together with extensive information on treatment outcomes in different subsets of ACS in a broad patient population.
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3.
  • Judge, Heather M, et al. (författare)
  • Glycoprotein IIb/IIIa and P2Y12 receptor antagonists yield additive inhibition of platelet aggregation, granule secretion, soluble CD40L release and procoagulant responses.
  • 2005
  • Ingår i: Platelets. - 0953-7104 .- 1369-1635. ; 16:7
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Glycoprotein IIb/IIIa (GPIIb/IIIa) antagonists, including abciximab and tirofiban, are administered concurrently with clopidogrel, a P2Y12 antagonist, and aspirin in some patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention. We studied the effects of, and interactions between, abciximab, tirofiban, aspirin and the P2Y12 antagonist cangrelor on platelet aggregation, alpha and dense granule secretion and procoagulant responses in vitro. Blood was obtained from healthy volunteers. Platelet aggregation, dense granule secretion, alpha granule secretion (PAI-1 and soluble CD40 ligand levels) and procoagulant responses (annexin-V and microparticle formation) were assessed using collagen and thrombin receptor activating peptide (TRAP) as agonists. All the antagonists used singularly inhibited collagen-induced responses. Combinations of abciximab or tirofiban with aspirin and/or cangrelor gave additive inhibition with the greatest effect seen when abciximab or tirofiban was combined with both aspirin and cangrelor. Cangrelor inhibited TRAP-induced responses and, again, there was additive inhibition of these parameters when abciximab or tirofiban were combined with cangrelor. The GPIIb/IIIa receptor plays an important role in amplification of platelet activation such that there are important interactions between GPIIb/IIIa antagonists and inhibitors of both P2Y12 receptor activation and, to a lesser extent, thromboxane A2 generation. These interactions are likely to have important influences on the safety and efficacy of combination anti-platelet therapies.
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4.
  • Judge, Heather M, et al. (författare)
  • The active metabolite of prasugrel effectively blocks the platelet P2Y12 receptor and inhibits procoagulant and pro-inflammatory platelet responses.
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: Platelets. - 0953-7104 .- 1369-1635. ; 19:2
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The aim of these studies was to investigate the extent of platelet P2Y(12) receptor inhibition by the thienopyridine active metabolite of prasugrel, R-138727. Blood was taken from healthy volunteers and pre-incubated with R-138727 or cangrelor (AR-C66931MX). Platelet aggregation was assessed in platelet rich plasma (PRP) and whole blood (WB). Vasodilator stimulated phosphoprotein (VASP) phosphorylation, platelet procoagulant activity (annexin V binding and microparticle formation) and calcium mobilisation were measured by flow cytometry. Platelet-leukocyte co-aggregate formation and sCD40L release, both pro-inflammatory responses of platelets, were measured by flow cytometry and ELISA, respectively. P2Y(12) receptor antagonism was determined using a radioligand binding assay ((33)P 2-MeSADP) in resting and stimulated platelets and the effects of clopidogrel administration were also assessed. R-138727 yielded concentration-dependent inhibition of platelet aggregation, VASP phosphorylation inhibition, procoagulant activity and pro-inflammatory responses. In the presence of R-138727 or cangrelor there was increased calcium reuptake following agonist stimulation. R-138727 30 micromol/L and cangrelor 1 micromol/L completely inhibited (33)P 2-MeSADP binding, compared to partial inhibition following clopidogrel administration. Platelet activation and granule secretion did not expose an additional pool of P2Y(12) receptors. Prasugrel's active metabolite effectively blocks the P2Y(12) receptor with the highest concentrations tested yielding complete inhibition of P2Y(12)-mediated amplification of several important platelet responses.
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5.
  • Siotia, Anjan, et al. (författare)
  • Utility of a whole blood single platelet counting assay to monitor the effects of tirofiban in patients with acute coronary syndromes scheduled for coronary intervention.
  • 2006
  • Ingår i: Thrombosis and Haemostasis. - 0340-6245. ; 95:6
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • This study aimed to establish the utility of a whole-blood single-platelet counting (WBSPC) assay, a measure of microaggregation, in monitoring the effects of tirofiban, comparing this with optical aggregometry (OA) and the Ultegra TRAP cartridge system (UTC), measures of macroaggregation. Fifty-nine patients with acute coronary syndrome scheduled for coronary angiography +/- angioplasty were studied. WBSPC assay (ADP 0.3-100 microM, Sysmex KX21 analyzer), OA (ADP 20 microM) and UTC were performed: before starting tirofiban; 30 min, 4 and 24 h after starting tirofiban; and 1 and 2 h after stopping tirofiban. Thirty minutes after starting tirofiban, there was substantial inhibition of platelet aggregation (40 +/- 30%; WBSPC, 2 minutes after addition of ADP 30 microM) and this remained stable at 4 and 24 h. OA (86 +/- 17%; inhibition of maximal aggregation, ADP 20 microM) and UTC (93 +/- 7%) showed marked inhibition with less inter-individual variation. There was no significant correlation between OA and UTC results (R(2) = 0.006), but fair correlation between OA and WBSPC results (R(2) = 0.37). Greater inhibition of macroaggregation (OA and UTC) was seen compared to microaggregation (WBSPC) such that WBSPC was more discriminating in the therapeutic range when macroaggregation was often completely inhibited. A WBSPC assay of platelet microaggregation shows promise for monitoring GPIIb/IIIa antagonists.
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6.
  • Wallentin, Lars, 1943-, et al. (författare)
  • Ticagrelor versus clopidogrel in patients with acute coronary syndromes
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: New England Journal of Medicine. - 0028-4793 .- 1533-4406. ; 361:11, s. 1045-1057
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND: Ticagrelor is an oral, reversible, direct-acting inhibitor of the adenosine diphosphate receptor P2Y12 that has a more rapid onset and more pronounced platelet inhibition than clopidogrel. METHODS: In this multicenter, double-blind, randomized trial, we compared ticagrelor (180-mg loading dose, 90 mg twice daily thereafter) and clopidogrel (300-to-600-mg loading dose, 75 mg daily thereafter) for the prevention of cardiovascular events in 18,624 patients admitted to the hospital with an acute coronary syndrome, with or without ST-segment elevation. RESULTS: At 12 months, the primary end point--a composite of death from vascular causes, myocardial infarction, or stroke--had occurred in 9.8% of patients receiving ticagrelor as compared with 11.7% of those receiving clopidogrel (hazard ratio, 0.84; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.77 to 0.92; P<0.001). Predefined hierarchical testing of secondary end points showed significant differences in the rates of other composite end points, as well as myocardial infarction alone (5.8% in the ticagrelor group vs. 6.9% in the clopidogrel group, P=0.005) and death from vascular causes (4.0% vs. 5.1%, P=0.001) but not stroke alone (1.5% vs. 1.3%, P=0.22). The rate of death from any cause was also reduced with ticagrelor (4.5%, vs. 5.9% with clopidogrel; P<0.001). No significant difference in the rates of major bleeding was found between the ticagrelor and clopidogrel groups (11.6% and 11.2%, respectively; P=0.43), but ticagrelor was associated with a higher rate of major bleeding not related to coronary-artery bypass grafting (4.5% vs. 3.8%, P=0.03), including more instances of fatal intracranial bleeding and fewer of fatal bleeding of other types. CONCLUSIONS: In patients who have an acute coronary syndrome with or without ST-segment elevation, treatment with ticagrelor as compared with clopidogrel significantly reduced the rate of death from vascular causes, myocardial infarction, or stroke without an increase in the rate of overall major bleeding but with an increase in the rate of non-procedure-related bleeding.
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