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Träfflista för sökning "WFRF:(Tingström Anders) srt2:(1990-1994)"

Sökning: WFRF:(Tingström Anders) > (1990-1994)

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1.
  • Nikkhah, G, et al. (författare)
  • Platelet-derived growth factor promotes survival of rat and human mesencephalic dopaminergic neurons in culture
  • 1993
  • Ingår i: Experimental Brain Research. - : Springer. - 0014-4819 .- 1432-1106. ; 92:3, s. 516-523
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The effect of two isoforms of platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF), PDGF-AA and PDGF-BB, was tested on dissociated cell cultures of ventral mesencephalon from rat and human embryos. PDGF-BB but not PDGF-AA reduced the progressive loss of tyrosine hydroxylase- (TH)-positive neurons in rat and human cell cultures. The mean number of TH-positive cells in the PDGF-BB-treated rat culture was 64% and 106% higher than in the control cultures after 7 and 10 days in vitro, respectively. Corresponding figures for human TH-positive neurons were 90% and 145%. The influence of PDGF-BB was specific for TH-positive neurons and not a general trophic effect, since no change of either total cell number or metabolic activity was found. In PDGF-BB-treated cultures of human but not rat tissue the TH-positive neurons had longer neurites than observed in control or PDGF-AA-treated cultures. These data indicate that PDGF-BB may act as a trophic factor for mesencephalic dopaminergic neurons and suggest that administration of PDGF-BB could ameliorate degeneration and possibly promote axonal sprouting of these neurons in vivo.
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3.
  • Reuterdahl, C, et al. (författare)
  • Characterization of platelet-derived growth factor beta-receptor expressing cells in the vasculature of human rheumatoid synovium
  • 1991
  • Ingår i: Laboratory Investigation. - : Nature Publishing Group. - 1530-0307. ; 64:3, s. 321-329
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) beta-receptor expression in normal and rheumatoid synovia was investigated by double immunofluorescence staining of frozen sections and by in situ hybridization. In the inflamed synovia, PDGF beta-receptor mRNA was present in vascular cells, as well as in discrete stromal cells. PDGF beta-receptor expressing cells in rheumatoid synovia were characterized by double immunofluorescence staining using the PDGFR-B2 monoclonal antibody at a concentration at which this antibody merely stained granular accumulations of PDGF beta-receptors. Granular accumulations of PDGF beta-receptors were articulate in blood vessel cells, but also appeared in discrete stromal cells. Thus, the overall distribution of cells having granular accumulations of PDGF beta-receptors was similar to the distribution of cells expressing PDGF beta-receptor mRNA. Double immunofluorescence stainings showed that: (a) a majority (greater than 90%) of resident macrophages did not express granular PDGF beta-receptor staining, but macrophages were often juxtaposed to PDGF beta-receptor-positive cells; (b) T lymphocytes did not express PDGF beta-receptors, but these cells were frequently found in the proximity of cells stained by PDGFR-B2; (c) in some blood vessels both HLA-DR expressing cells and PDGF beta-receptor expressing cells could be visualized, whereas in other blood vessels, cells expressing only one of these activation markers could be detected; (d) smooth muscle cells in blood vessels contained PDGF beta-receptors; and (e) capillary endothelial cells in the inflamed synovia recurrently displayed granular PDGF beta-receptor staining. The granular accumulations of PDGF beta-receptors may reflect internalization of the receptor as a result of paracrine or autocrine ligand stimulation. In support of such a possibility are the findings that elevated levels of PDGF B chain mRNA were detected by in situ hybridization in the inflamed synovia, and that cells expressing PDGF B chain mRNA were distributed similarly to cells expressing PDGF beta-receptor mRNA. Taken together, the results indicate that PDGF has a role in the inflammatory process in rheumatoid synovitis, most likely by stimulating proliferative events in the vasculature.
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4.
  • Tingström, Anders, et al. (författare)
  • C-CAM (cell-CAM 105) is an adhesive cell surface glycoprotein with homophilic binding properties
  • 1990
  • Ingår i: Journal of Cell Science. - : The Company of Biologists Ltd. - 0021-9533. ; 96:1, s. 17-25
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • C-CAM (Cell-CAM 105) is a cell surface glycoprotein that is involved in cell-cell adhesion of rat hepatocytes in vitro. To elucidate the adhesion mechanism the binding properties of purified C-CAM were investigated. Using proteins immobilized on nitrocellulose it was found that radiolabeled C-CAM bound to C-CAM but not to a variety of other proteins. Partitioning in Triton X-114 showed that C-CAM has hydrophobic properties. In accordance with this, C-CAM was effectively incorporated into phosphatidylcholine liposomes by dialysis from octylglucoside-containing solutions. The C-CAM-containing liposomes bound specifically to isolated hepatocytes. This binding was blocked by Fab fragments of anti-C-CAM antibodies. Furthermore, preincubation of hepatocytes with anti-C-CAM antibodies followed by washing of the cells blocked binding of C-CAM-containing liposomes. At increasing C-CAM contents in the reconstituted liposomes a marked self-aggregation of the liposomes occurred. This aggregation was blocked by Fab fragments of anti-C-CAM antibodies and by alkaline pH. After neutralization a rapid reaggregation occurred. Neither C-CAM binding to C-CAM immobilized on nitrocellulose nor C-CAM-liposome aggregation required calcium ions. Liposomes reconstituted with C-CAM-depleted membrane glycoproteins did not self-aggregate or bind to hepatocytes. Thus, it is concluded that C-CAM can bind specifically to C-CAM in a homophilic binding reaction that does not require calcium. Accordingly, C-CAM has the potential of directly mediating cell-cell adhesion via C-CAM-C-CAM binding between adjacent cells.
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5.
  • Tingström, Anders, et al. (författare)
  • Regulation of fibroblast-mediated collagen gel contraction by platelet-derived growth factor, interleukin-1 alpha and transforming growth factor-beta 1
  • 1992
  • Ingår i: Journal of Cell Science. - : The Company of Biologists Ltd. - 0021-9533. ; 102:2, s. 315-322
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • We have examined the effects of three macrophagederived cytokines, platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF), transforming growth factor-01 (TGF-01) and interleukin-1 a (IL-la) on the contraction of collagen type I gels populated by human foreskin fibroblasts. Contraction was quantified as loss in gel weight. Both PDGF-AA and PDGF-BB were found to induce a rapid collagen-gel contraction. TGF-/J1 also stimulated gel contraction but with a delayed onset and at a slower rate than the PDGF-stimulated contraction. Rabbit polyclonal IgGs recognizing PDGF-AA and PDGF-BB, respectively, specifically inhibited the effects of the corresponding PDGF Lsoforms. However, the stimulatory effect of TGF-/S1 was not affected by any of the anti-PDGF antibodies. The ability of PDGF to stimulate contraction became less pronounced in collagen gel cultures grown in the absence of growth factors over periods of several days. Under the same conditions, the stimulatory effect of TGF-/J1 was not reduced. The reduced response to PDGF may be due to reduced tension on fibroblasts growing in collagen gels, since fibroblasts on free-floating gels showed a marked reduction in PDGF-BB-induced PDGF ^-receptor aggregates when compared to fibroblasts on attached collagen gels. LL-1 a inhibited initial collagen gel contraction, and at later stages induced a visible degradation of the collagen gels, presumably due to the generation of collagenase activity. The combination of IL-la and PDGF-BB stimulated initial collagen gel contraction, although less effectively than PDGF-BB alone. At later stages, collagen gel degradation was stimulated by this combination of cytokines. In contrast, the combination of IL-la and TGF-/51 did not stimulate collagen gel contraction, or any visible collagen gel degradation. Our data suggest that fibroblast-mediated collagen gel contraction can be modulated by cytokines via different mechanisms. Our data are of importance in the understanding of the modulatory roles of cytokines in connective tissue cell activities in inflammatory processes, such as wound healing.
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