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Träfflista för sökning "WFRF:(Tingström Anders) srt2:(2005-2009);srt2:(2008)"

Sökning: WFRF:(Tingström Anders) > (2005-2009) > (2008)

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1.
  • Ekstrand, Joakim, et al. (författare)
  • Differential inhibition of neurogenesis and angiogenesis by corticosterone in rats stimulated with electroconvulsive seizures
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: Progress in Neuro-Psychopharmacology and Biological Psychiatry. - : Elsevier. - 0278-5846. ; 32:6, s. 1466-1472
  • Forskningsöversikt (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Antidepressant drugs and electroconvulsive seizure (ECS)-treatment, an animal model of electroconvulsive therapy, induce neurogenesis in adult rats. Stress and high levels of corticosterone (CORT) on the contrary inhibit neurogenesis. Hippocampal neurogenesis has been described to occur in an angiogenic niche where proliferation of neural progenitors takes place in an environment with active vascular growth. Here we investigate the effect of ECS-treatment on the proliferation of endothelial cells and neuronal precursors in hippocampus of CORT-treated rats. Bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU) was used to identify dividing cells. The number of newborn neuronal precursors and endothelial cells was quantified in the subgranular zone (SGZ) and the molecular layer (ML) of the dentate gyrus. The increase in neuronal precursor proliferation in the SGZ following ECS-treatment was not inhibited by elevated levels of CORT despite CORT strongly inhibiting ECS-induced endothelial cell proliferation. Also in the ML CORT-treatment inhibited the ECS-induced angiogenic response. We conclude that despite common factors regulating neurogenesis and angiogenesis, ECS-induced proliferation of neuronal precursors can take place even if the angiogenic response is blunted. Whether inhibition of angiogenesis affects other steps in the chain of events leading to the formation of fully integrated granule neurons remains to be elucidated. (C) 2008 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
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2.
  • Ekstrand, Joakim, et al. (författare)
  • Environmental enrichment, exercise and corticosterone affect endothelial cell proliferation in adult rat hippocampus and prefrontal cortex.
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: Neuroscience Letters. - : Elsevier. - 0304-3940. ; 442, s. 203-207
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Stress and environmental enrichment have opposing effects on cerebral cellular plasticity. Stress-induced disturbances in neuronal and glial plasticity have been implicated in the pathophysiology of affective disorders. Patients with depression often show volume reductions in specific brain regions. The mechanisms behind these changes are not well understood, but animal studies have indicated that increased levels of glucocorticoids and stress have negative impact on the neuronal and glial cell populations. On the contrary, enriched environment and physical activity have positive effects. In this study we have examined the effect of corticosterone (CORT), environmental enrichment (EE) and running on angiogenesis in hippocampus and prefrontal cortex (PFC). We demonstrate a dramatic inhibition in endothelial cell proliferation in these brain regions in CORT-treated rats. Environmental enrichment had the opposite effect and stimulated endothelial cell proliferation both in the hippocampus and in the PFC. Running had a stimulatory effect in hippocampus, but not in the PFC. We suggest that the angiostatic effect of CORT demonstrated in this study might be paralleled in human subjects exposed to high levels of stress hormones for prolonged periods of time. Raised cortisol levels in depressed or old patients could, by reducing endothelial cell formation/turnover, lead to rarefaction and aging of the vascular bed, and as a result, neuronal function could be impaired. It is tempting to speculate that a physically and intellectually active life may protect against stress-induced vascular changes. Therapeutic agents also targeting the cerebral vasculature could consequently constitute a new tool in the combat of stress-related disorders.
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  • Resultat 1-3 av 3
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tidskriftsartikel (1)
konferensbidrag (1)
forskningsöversikt (1)
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refereegranskat (3)
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Tingström, Anders (3)
Wennström, Malin (2)
Ekstrand, Joakim (2)
Hellsten, Johan (2)
Jansson, Linda (1)
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Lunds universitet (3)
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Engelska (3)
Forskningsämne (UKÄ/SCB)
Medicin och hälsovetenskap (3)
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