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Sökning: WFRF:(Tingström Anders) > (2005-2009) > (2009)

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  • Jansson, Linda, et al. (författare)
  • Glial cell activation in response to electroconvulsive seizures
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Progress in Neuro-Psychopharmacology and Biological Psychiatry. - : Elsevier. - 0278-5846. ; 33:7, s. 1119-1128
  • Forskningsöversikt (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is a very efficient treatment for severe depression. However, cognitive side effects have raised concern to whether ECT can cause cellular damage in vulnerable brain regions. A few recent animal studies have reported limited hippocampal cell loss, while a number of other studies have failed to find any signs of cellular damage and some even report that electroconvulsive seizures (ECS; the animal counterpart of ECT) has neuroprotective effects. We previously have described gliogenesis in response to ECS. Loss of glial cells is seen in depression and de novo formation of glial cells may thus have an important therapeutic role. Glial cell proliferation and activation is however also seen in response to neuronal damage. The aim of the present study was to further characterize glial cell activation in response to ECS. Two groups of rats were treated with 10 ECS using different sets of stimulus parameters. ECS-induced changes in the morphology and expression of markers typical for reactive microglia, astrocytes and NG2+ glial cells were analyzed immunohistochemically in prefrontal cortex, hippocampus, amygdala, hypothalamus, piriform cortex and entorhinal cortex. We observed changes in glial cell morphology and an enhanced expression of activation markers 2 h following ECS treatment, regardless of the stimulus parameters used. Four weeks later, few activated glial cells persisted. In conclusion, ECS treatment induced transient glial cell activation in several brain areas. Whether similar processes play a role in the therapeutic effect of clinically administered ECT or contribute to its side effects will require further investigations.
  • Orre, Karin, et al. (författare)
  • Chronic lithium treatment decreases NG2 cell proliferation in rat dentate hilus, amygdala and corpus callosum
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Progress in Neuro-Psychopharmacology and Biological Psychiatry. - : Elsevier. - 0278-5846. ; 33:3, s. 503-510
  • Forskningsöversikt (refereegranskat)abstract
    • An increasing number of investigations suggest volumetric changes and glial pathology in several brain regions of patients with bipolar disorder. Lithium, used in the treatment of this disorder, has been reported to be neuroprotective and increase brain volume. Here we investigate the effect of lithium on the proliferation and survival of glial cells positive for the chondroitin sulphate proteoglycan NG2 (NG2 cells); a continuously dividing cell type implicated in remyelination and suggested to be involved in regulation of neuronal signaling and axonal outgrowth. Adult male rats were treated with lithium for four weeks and injected with the proliferation marker bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU) before or at the end of the treatment period. Immunohistochemical analysis of brain sections was performed to estimate the number of newly born (BrdU-labeled) NG2 cells and oligodendrocytes in hippocampus, basolateral nuclei of amygdala and corpus callosum. Lithium significantly decreased the proliferation of NG2 cells in dentate hilus of hippocampus, amygdala and corpus callosum, but not in the molecular layer or the cornu ammonis (CA) regions of hippocampus. The effect was more pronounced in the corpus callosum. No effect of lithium on the survival of newborn cells or the number of newly generated oligodendrocytes could be detected. Our results demonstrate that in both white and gray matter brain regions implicated in the pathophysiology of bipolar disorder, chronic lithium treatment significantly decreases the proliferation rate of NG2 cells; the major proliferating cell type of the adult brain. (C) 2009 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
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  • Resultat 1-5 av 5
Typ av publikation
konferensbidrag (3)
forskningsöversikt (2)
Typ av innehåll
refereegranskat (5)
Wennström, Malin (5)
Tingström, Anders (5)
Orre, Karin (3)
Jansson, Linda (2)
Johanson, Aki (1)
Lunds universitet (5)
Engelska (5)
Forskningsämne (UKÄ/SCB)
Medicin och hälsovetenskap (5)

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