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Sökning: WFRF:(Van't Hof Arnoud W) > (2015-2019)

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1.
  • Bagai, Akshay, et al. (författare)
  • Duration of ischemia and treatment effects of pre- versus in-hospital ticagrelor in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction: Insights from the ATLANTIC study
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: American Heart Journal. - : MOSBY-ELSEVIER. - 0002-8703 .- 1097-6744. ; 196, s. 56-64
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background Among patients with STEMI in the ATLANTIC study, pre-hospital administration of ticagrelor improved post-PCI ST-segment resolution and 30-day stent thrombosis. We investigated whether this clinical benefit with pre-hospital ticagrelor differs by ischemic duration. Methods In a post hoc analysis we compared absence of ST-segment resolution post-PCI and stent thrombosis at 30 days between randomized treatment groups (pre-versus in-hospital ticagrelor) stratified by symptom onset to first medical contact (FMC) duration [amp;lt;= 1 hour (n = 773), amp;gt;1 to amp;lt;= 3 hours (n = 772), and amp;gt;3 hours (n = 311)], examining the interaction between randomized treatment strategy and duration of symptom onset to FMC for each outcome. Results Patients presenting later after symptom onset were older, more likely to be female, and have higher baseline risk. Patients with symptom onset to FMC amp;gt;3 hours had the greatest improvement in post-PCI ST-segment elevation resolution with pre-versus in-hospital ticagrelor (absolute risk difference: amp;lt;= 1 hour, 2.9% vs. amp;gt;1 to amp;lt;= 3 hours, 3.6% vs. amp;gt;3 hours, 12.2%; adjusted p for interaction = 0.13), while patients with shorter duration of ischemia had greater improvement in stent thrombosis at 30 days with pre-versus in-hospital ticagrelor (absolute risk difference: amp;lt;= 1 hour, 1.3% vs. amp;gt;1 hour to amp;lt;= 3hours, 0.7% vs. amp;gt;3 hours, 0.4%; adjusted p for interaction = 0.55). Symptom onset to active ticagrelor administration was independently associated with stent thrombosis at 30 days (adjusted OR 1.89 per 100 minute delay, 95% CI 1.20-2.97, P amp;lt; .01), but not post-PCI ST-segment resolution (P = .41). Conclusions The effect of pre-hospital ticagrelor to reduce stent thrombosis was most evident when given early within 3 hours after symptom onset, with delay in ticagrelor administration after symptom onset associated with higher rate of stent thrombosis. These findings re-emphasize the need for early ticagrelor administration in primary PCI treated STEMI patients.
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2.
  • Lapostolle, Frédéric, et al. (författare)
  • Morphine and Ticagrelor Interaction in Primary Percutaneous Coronary Intervention in ST-Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction : ATLANTIC-Morphine
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: American Journal of Cardiovascular Drugs. - Auckland, New Zealand : Adis International Ltd.. - 1175-3277 .- 1179-187X. ; 19, s. 173-183
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND: Morphine adversely impacts the action of oral adenosine diphosphate (ADP)-receptor blockers in ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients, and is possibly associated with differing patient characteristics. This retrospective analysis investigated whether interaction between morphine use and pre-percutaneous coronary intervention (pre-PCI) ST-segment elevation resolution in STEMI patients in the ATLANTIC study was associated with differences in patient characteristics and management.METHODS: ATLANTIC was an international, multicenter, randomized study of treatment in the acute ambulance/hospital setting where STEMI patients received ticagrelor 180 mg ± morphine. Patient characteristics, cardiovascular history, risk factors, management, and outcomes were recorded.RESULTS: Opioids (97.6% morphine) were used in 921 out of 1862 patients (49.5%). There were no significant differences in age, sex or cardiovascular history, but more morphine-treated patients had anterior myocardial infarction and left-main disease. Time from chest pain to electrocardiogram and ticagrelor loading was shorter with morphine (both p = 0.01) but not total ischemic time. Morphine-treated patients more frequently received glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitors (p = 0.002), thromboaspiration and stent implantation (both p < 0.001). No significant difference between the two groups was found regarding pre-PCI ≥ 70% ST-segment elevation resolution, death, myocardial infarction, stroke, urgent revascularization and definitive acute stent thrombosis. More morphine-treated patients had an absence of pre-PCI Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction (TIMI) 3 flow (85.8% vs. 79.7%; p = 0.001) and more had TIMI major bleeding (1.1% vs. 0.1%; p = 0.02).CONCLUSIONS: Morphine-treatment was associated with increased GP IIb/IIIa inhibitor use, less pre-PCI TIMI 3 flow, and more bleeding. Judicious morphine use is advised with non-opioid analgesics preferred for non-severe acute pain.TRIAL REGISTRATION: clinicaltrials.gov identifier: NCT01347580.
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3.
  • Montalescot, Gilles, et al. (författare)
  • Effect of Pre-Hospital Ticagrelor During the First 24 h After Primary Percutaneous Coronary Intervention in Patients With ST-Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction The ATLANTIC-H-24 Analysis
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: JACC. - : ELSEVIER SCIENCE INC. - 1936-8798 .- 1876-7605. ; 9:7, s. 646-656
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • OBJECTIVES The aim of this landmark exploratory analysis, ATLANTIC-H-24, was to evaluate the effects of pre-hospital ticagrelor during the first 24 h after primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in the ATLANTIC (Administration of Ticagrelor in the cath Lab or in the Ambulance for New ST elevation myocardial infarction to open the Coronary artery) study. BACKGROUND The ATLANTIC trial in patients with ongoing ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction showed that pre-hospital ticagrelor was safe but did not improve pre-PCI coronary reperfusion compared with in-hospital ticagrelor. We hypothesized that the effect of pre-hospital ticagrelor may not have manifested until after PCI due to the rapid transfer time (31 min). METHODS The ATLANTIC-H-24 analysis included 1,629 patients who underwent PCI, evaluating platelet reactivity, Thrombolysis In Myocardial Infarction flow grade 3, >= 70% ST-segment elevation resolution, and clinical endpoints over the first 24 h. RESULTS Following PCI, largest between-group differences in platelet reactivity occurred at 1 to 6 h; coronary reperfusion rates numerically favored pre-hospital ticagrelor, and the degree of ST-segment elevation resolution was significantly greater in the pre-hospital group (median, 75.0% vs. 71.4%; p = 0.049). At 24 h, the composite ischemic endpoint was lower with pre-hospital ticagrelor (10.4% vs. 13.7%; p = 0.039), as were individual endpoints of definite stent thrombosis (p = 0.0078) and myocardial infarction (p = 0.031). All endpoints except death (1.1% vs. 0.2%; p = 0.048) favored pre-hospital ticagrelor, with no differences in bleeding events. CONCLUSIONS The effects of pre-hospital ticagrelor became apparent after PCI, with numerical differences in platelet reactivity and immediate post-PCI reperfusion, associated with reductions in ischemic endpoints, over the first 24 h, whereas there was a small excess of mortality. (Administration of Ticagrelor in the cath Lab or in the Ambulance for New ST elevation myocardial infarction to open the Coronary artery [ATLANTIC, NCT01347580]) (C) 2016 by the American College of Cardiology Foundation.
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4.
  • Fabris, Enrico, et al. (författare)
  • Impact of presentation and transfer delays on complete ST-segment resolution before primary percutaneous coronary intervention : insights from the ATLANTIC trial.
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: EuroIntervention. - 1774-024X .- 1969-6213. ; 13:1, s. 69-77
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • AIMS: The aim of this study was to identify predictors of complete ST-segment resolution (STR) pre-primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in patients enrolled in the ATLANTIC trial.METHODS AND RESULTS: ECGs recorded at the time of inclusion (pre-hospital [pre-H]-ECG) and in the catheterisation laboratory before angiography (pre-PCI-ECG) were analysed by an independent core laboratory. Complete STR was defined as ≥70%. Complete STR occurred pre-PCI in 12.8% (204/1,598) of patients and predicted lower 30-day composite MACCE (OR=0.10, 95% CI: 0.002-0.57, p=0.001) and total mortality (OR=0.16, 95% CI: 0.004-0.95, p=0.035). Independent predictors of complete STR included the time from index event to pre-H-ECG (OR=0.94, 95% CI: 0.89-1.00, p=0.035), use of heparins before pre-PCI-ECG (OR=1.75, 95% CI: 1.25-2.45, p=0.001) and time from pre-H-ECG to pre-PCI-ECG (OR=1.09, 95% CI: 1.03-1.16, p=0.005). In the pre-H ticagrelor group, patients with complete STR had a significantly longer delay between pre-H-ECG and pre-PCI-ECG compared to patients without complete STR (median 53 [44-73] vs. 49 [38.5-61] mins, p=0.001); however, this was not observed in the control group (in-hospital ticagrelor) (50 [40-67] vs. 49 [39-61] mins, p=0.258).CONCLUSIONS: Short patient delay, early administration of anticoagulant and ticagrelor if a long transfer delay is expected may help to achieve reperfusion prior to PCI. Pre-H treatment may be beneficial in patients with longer transfer delays, allowing the drug to become biologically active.
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5.
  • Fabris, Enrico, et al. (författare)
  • Pre-hospital administration of ticagrelor in diabetic patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction undergoing primary angioplasty : A sub-analysis of the ATLANTIC trial
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Catheterization and cardiovascular interventions. - : John Wiley & Sons. - 1522-1946 .- 1522-726X. ; 93:7, s. E369-E377
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • OBJECTIVE: We investigated, in the contemporary era of ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) treatment, the influence of diabetes mellitus (DM) on cardiovascular outcomes, and whether pre-hospital administration of ticagrelor may affect these outcomes in a subgroup of STEMI patients with DM.BACKGROUND: DM patients have high platelet reactivity and a prothrombotic condition which highlight the importance of an effective antithrombotic regimen in this high-risk population.METHODS: In toal 1,630 STEMI patients enrolled in the ATLANTIC trial who underwent primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) were included. Multivariate analysis was used to explore the association of DM with outcomes and potential treatment-by-diabetes interaction was tested.RESULTS: A total of 214/1,630 (13.1%) patients had DM. DM was an independent predictor of poor myocardial reperfusion as reflected by less frequent ST-segment elevation resolution (≥70%) after PCI (OR 0.59, 95% CI 0.43-0.82, P < 0.01) and was an independent predictor of the composite 30-day outcomes of death/new myocardial infarction (MI)/urgent revascularization/definite stent thrombosis (ST) (OR 2.80, 95% CI 1.62-4.85, P < 0.01), new MI or definite acute ST (OR 2.46, 95% CI 1.08-5.61, P = 0.03), and definite ST (OR 10.00, 95% CI 3.54-28.22, P < 0.01). No significant interaction between pre-hospital ticagrelor vs in-hospital ticagrelor administration and DM was present for the clinical, electrocardiographic and angiographic outcomes as well as for thrombolysis in myocardial infarction major bleeding.CONCLUSIONS: DM remains independently associated with poor myocardial reperfusion and worse 30-day clinical outcomes. No significant interaction was found between pre-hospital vs in-hospital ticagrelor administration and DM status. Further approaches for the treatment of DM patients are needed.CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: clinicaltrials.gov identifier: NCT01347580.
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6.
  • Venetsanos, Dimitrios, et al. (författare)
  • Association between gender and short-term outcome in patients with ST elevation myocardial infraction participating in the international, prospective, randomised Administration of Ticagrelor in the catheterisation Laboratory or in the Ambulance for New ST elevation myocardial Infarction to open the Coronary artery (ATLANTIC) trial: a prespecified analysis
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: BMJ Open. - : BMJ PUBLISHING GROUP. - 2044-6055 .- 2044-6055. ; 7:9
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Objectives To evaluate gender differences in outcomes in patents with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) planned for primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI). Settings A prespecified gender analysis of the multicentre, randomised, double-blind Administration of Ticagrelor in the catheterisation Laboratory or in the Ambulance for New ST elevation myocardial Infarction to open the Coronary artery. Participants Between September 2011 and October 2013, 1862 patients with STEMI and symptom duration amp;lt;6 hours were included. Interventions Patients were assigned to prehospital versus in-hospital administration of 180 mg ticagrelor. Outcomes The main objective was to study the association between gender and primary and secondary outcomes of the main study with a focus on the clinical efficacy and safety outcomes. Primary outcome: the proportion of patients who did not have 70% resolution of ST-segment elevation and did not meet the criteria for Thrombolysis In Myocardial Infarction (TIMI) flow 3 at initial angiography. Secondary outcome: the composite of death, MI, stent thrombosis, stroke or urgent revascularisation and major or minor bleeding at 30 days. Results Women were older, had higher TIMI risk score, longer prehospital delays and better TIMI flow in the infarct-related artery. Women had a threefold higher risk for all-cause mortality compared with men (5.7% vs 1.9%, HR 3.13, 95% CI 1.78 to 5.51). After adjustment, the difference was attenuated but remained statistically significant (HR 2.08, 95% CI 1.03 to 4.20). The incidence of major bleeding events was twofold to threefold higher in women compared with men. In the multivariable model, female gender was not an independent predictor of bleeding (Platelet Inhibition and Patient Outcomes major HR 1.45, 95% CI 0.73 to 2.86, TIMI major HR 1.28, 95% CI 0.47 to 3.48, Bleeding Academic Research Consortium type 3-5 HR 1.45, 95% CI 0.72 to 2.91). There was no interaction between gender and efficacy or safety of randomised treatment. Conclusion In patients with STEMI planned for PPCI and treated with modern antiplatelet therapy, female gender was an independent predictor of short-term mortality. In contrast, the higher incidence of bleeding complications in women could mainly be explained by older age and clustering of comorbidities.
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