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Sökning: WFRF:(Veltman Dick J.) > (2011-2014)

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  • Thompson, Paul M., et al. (författare)
  • The ENIGMA Consortium : large-scale collaborative analyses of neuroimaging and genetic data
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: BRAIN IMAGING BEHAV. - 1931-7557 .- 1931-7565. ; 8:2, s. 153-182
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The Enhancing NeuroImaging Genetics through Meta-Analysis (ENIGMA) Consortium is a collaborative network of researchers working together on a range of large-scale studies that integrate data from 70 institutions worldwide. Organized into Working Groups that tackle questions in neuroscience, genetics, and medicine, ENIGMA studies have analyzed neuroimaging data from over 12,826 subjects. In addition, data from 12,171 individuals were provided by the CHARGE consortium for replication of findings, in a total of 24,997 subjects. By meta-analyzing results from many sites, ENIGMA has detected factors that affect the brain that no individual site could detect on its own, and that require larger numbers of subjects than any individual neuroimaging study has currently collected. ENIGMA's first project was a genome-wide association study identifying common variants in the genome associated with hippocampal volume or intracranial volume. Continuing work is exploring genetic associations with subcortical volumes (ENIGMA2) and white matter microstructure (ENIGMA-DTI). Working groups also focus on understanding how schizophrenia, bipolar illness, major depression and attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) affect the brain. We review the current progress of the ENIGMA Consortium, along with challenges and unexpected discoveries made on the way.
  • Wolfensberger, Saskia P, et al. (författare)
  • Quantification of the neurokinin 1 receptor ligand [¹¹C]R116301
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: Nuclear medicine communications. - 0143-3636 .- 1473-5628. ; 32:10, s. 896-902
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • PURPOSE:Neurokinin 1 (NK1) receptors have been implicated in depression, anxiety, and pain perception. Recently, it was shown that, in the human brain, a specific NK1 receptor-related signal was obtained with the novel radioligand, [¹¹C]R116301, using positron emission tomography. The purpose of this study was to evaluate various methods for quantifying specific [¹¹C]R116301 binding.METHODS:Two dynamic 90-min [¹¹C]R116301 scans, separated by 5 h, were performed in 11 healthy volunteers. In three patients, the second scan was performed after an oral blocking dose of 125 mg of aprepitant, whereas in the other eight, no intervention was performed (test-retest). Whole striatum was used as the tissue of interest, as it has the highest density of NK1 receptors. Cerebellum was used as the reference tissue.RESULTS:Reference tissue models were stable with the simplified reference tissue model (SRTM) performing best. Average (± standard deviation) SRTM-derived mean nondisplaceable binding potential (BP(ND)) of all (first) baseline scans was 0.64±0.31 (n=11), which reduced to -0.01±0.03 (n=3) after aprepitant administration. Test-retest results showed low variability (14.0±10.7%) and excellent reliability, as indicated by the intraclass correlation coefficient (0.93). The ratio of standardized uptake values of striatum and cerebellum minus 1, an approximation of BP(ND), showed very low variability (6.2±3.1%) with excellent reliability (intraclass correlation coefficient=0.98), and correlated well with SRTM-derived BP(ND) (R²=0.96).CONCLUSION:SRTM is the model of choice for quantifying [¹¹C]R116301 binding. Semiquantitative tissue ratios hold promise for routine clinical applications.
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