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Träfflista för sökning "WFRF:(Wang Yunpeng) srt2:(2020)"

Sökning: WFRF:(Wang Yunpeng) > (2020)

  • Resultat 1-4 av 4
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1.
  • Grasby, KL, et al. (författare)
  • The genetic architecture of the human cerebral cortex
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: Science (New York, N.Y.). - : American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS). - 1095-9203 .- 0036-8075. ; 367:6484, s. 1340-
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)
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2.
  • Córdova-Palomera, Aldo, et al. (författare)
  • Genetic control of variability in subcortical and intracranial volumes
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: Molecular Psychiatry. - : Nature Publishing Group. - 1359-4184 .- 1476-5578.
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Sensitivity to external demands is essential for adaptation to dynamic environments, but comes at the cost of increased risk of adverse outcomes when facing poor environmental conditions. Here, we apply a novel methodology to perform genome-wide association analysis of mean and variance in ten key brain features (accumbens, amygdala, caudate, hippocampus, pallidum, putamen, thalamus, intracranial volume, cortical surface area, and cortical thickness), integrating genetic and neuroanatomical data from a large lifespan sample (n = 25,575 individuals; 8-89 years, mean age 51.9 years). We identify genetic loci associated with phenotypic variability in thalamus volume and cortical thickness. The variance-controlling loci involved genes with a documented role in brain and mental health and were not associated with the mean anatomical volumes. This proof-of-principle of the hypothesis of a genetic regulation of brain volume variability contributes to establishing the genetic basis of phenotypic variance (i.e., heritability), allows identifying different degrees of brain robustness across individuals, and opens new research avenues in the search for mechanisms controlling brain and mental health.
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3.
  • Sonderby, Ida E., et al. (författare)
  • Dose response of the 16p11.2 distal copy number variant on intracranial volume and basal ganglia
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: Molecular Psychiatry. - : Nature Publishing Group. - 1359-4184 .- 1476-5578. ; 25:3, s. 584-602
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Carriers of large recurrent copy number variants (CNVs) have a higher risk of developing neurodevelopmental disorders. The 16p11.2 distal CNV predisposes carriers to e.g., autism spectrum disorder and schizophrenia. We compared subcortical brain volumes of 12 16p11.2 distal deletion and 12 duplication carriers to 6882 non-carriers from the large-scale brain Magnetic Resonance Imaging collaboration, ENIGMA-CNV. After stringent CNV calling procedures, and standardized FreeSurfer image analysis, we found negative dose-response associations with copy number on intracranial volume and on regional caudate, pallidum and putamen volumes (β = −0.71 to −1.37; P < 0.0005). In an independent sample, consistent results were obtained, with significant effects in the pallidum (β = −0.95, P = 0.0042). The two data sets combined showed significant negative dose-response for the accumbens, caudate, pallidum, putamen and ICV (P = 0.0032, 8.9 × 10−6, 1.7 × 10−9, 3.5 × 10−12 and 1.0 × 10−4, respectively). Full scale IQ was lower in both deletion and duplication carriers compared to non-carriers. This is the first brain MRI study of the impact of the 16p11.2 distal CNV, and we demonstrate a specific effect on subcortical brain structures, suggesting a neuropathological pattern underlying the neurodevelopmental syndromes.
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4.
  • Li, Xu, et al. (författare)
  • Diamond-like/graphite-like carbon composite films deposited by high-power impulse magnetron sputtering
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: Diamond and related materials. - : ELSEVIER SCIENCE SA. - 0925-9635 .- 1879-0062. ; 106
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Diamond-like carbon (DLC)/graphite-like carbon (GLC) composite films were prepared with high-power impulse magnetron sputtering (HiPIMS) using a mixture of Ar and Ne as the sputtering gas. The effect of the Ne fraction in the sputtering gas on the surface morphology, carbon bonding structure, microstructure, mechanical properties, residual stress, and tribological performance of the deposited films were characterized using laser scanning confocal microscopy, Raman spectroscopy, nano-indentation, residual stress tester, and friction and wear testing using a ball-on- plate tribometer, respectively. The films have a composite surface structure consisting of sp(2)-rich GLC microparticles embedded in an sp(3)-rich DLC matrix. Both components can be controlled to some degree by varying the Ne fraction. Specifically, as the Ne fraction is increased, both the number and size of the GLC microparticles decreases, while the sp(3) content increases. The GLC microparticles in the film can reduce the real contact area in friction testing, decreasing the friction coefficient, while the sp(3)-rich DLC phase enables the high hardness and wear resistance of the films. By adjusting the Ne fraction during the HiPIMS process, DLC/GLC composite films with low friction and high wear resistance can be generated.
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  • Resultat 1-4 av 4

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