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Träfflista för sökning "WFRF:(Zhang Y. H.) srt2:(1995-1999)"

Sökning: WFRF:(Zhang Y. H.) > (1995-1999)

  • Resultat 1-10 av 11
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  • Hong, J., et al. (författare)
  • Plasma chemistries for high density plasma etching of SiC
  • 1999
  • Ingår i: Journal of Electronic Materials. - Charlottesville, VA, USA. - 0361-5235 .- 1543-186X. ; 28:3, s. 196-201
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • A variety of different plasma chemistries, including SF6, Cl2, ICI, and IBr, have been examined for dry etching of 6H-SiC in high ion density plasma tools (inductively coupled plasma and electron cyclotron resonance). Rates up to 4500 angstroms·min-1 were obtained for SF6 plasmas, while much lower rates (≀800 angstroms·min-1) were achieved with Cl2, ICI, and IBr. The F2-based chemistries have poor selectivity for SiC over photoresist masks (typically 0.4-0.5), but Ni masks are more robust, and allow etch depths ≥10 ÎŒm in the SiC. A micromachining process (sequential etch/deposition steps) designed for Si produces relatively low etch rates (<2,000 angstroms·min-1) for SiC.
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  • Kolm, Rüdiger H., et al. (författare)
  • Isothiocyanates as substrates for human glutathione transferases : structure-activity studies
  • 1995
  • Ingår i: Biochemical Journal. - 0264-6021 .- 1470-8728. ; 311, s. 453-459
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The catalytic properties of four human glutathione transferases (GSTs), A1-1, M1-1, M4-4 and P1-1, were examined with 14 isothiocyanate (R-NCS) substrates. The compounds include aliphatic and aromatic homologues, some of which are natural constituents of human food, namely sulphoraphane [1-isothiocyanato-4-(methylsulphinyl)butane], erucin [1-isothiocyanato-4-(methylthio)butane], erysolin [1-isothiocyanato-4-(methylsulphonyl)butane], benzyl-NCS, phenethyl-NCS and allyl-NCS. All isothiocyanates investigated were substrates for the four GSTs. The enzymes promote addition of the thiol group of GSH to the electrophilic central carbon of the isothiocyanate group to form dithiocarbamates [R-NH-C(=S)-SG] which have high UV absorption at 274 nm. Molar absorption coefficients and non-enzymic rate constants as well as standardized enzyme assay conditions for all compounds were established. Of the four isoenzymes investigated, GSTs M1-1 and P1-1 were generally the most efficient catalysts, whereas GST M4-4 was the least efficient. Isothiocyanates are among the GST substrates that are most rapidly conjugated. On the basis of rate-enhancement data and binding energies, the isothiocyanates were compared with 4-hydroxyalkenals, another class of natural GST substrates previously subjected to systematic kinetic analysis. The incremental transition-state stabilization attributable to an increased number of methylene groups in homologous alkyl isothiocyanates is similar to that previously noted for homologous 4-hydroxyalkenals.
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8.
  • Mulder, H, et al. (författare)
  • Islet amyloid polypeptide and calcitonin gene-related peptide expression are down-regulated in dorsal root ganglia upon sciatic nerve transection
  • 1997
  • Ingår i: Molecular Brain Research. - : Elsevier. - 0169-328X. ; 47:1-2, s. 30-322
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Islet amyloid polypeptide (IAPP) is structurally related to calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) and has been implicated in glucose homeostasis and diabetes pathogenesis because it is expressed in insulin cells and forms amyloid in pancreatic islets from type II diabetic patients. IAPP is also constitutively co-expressed with CGRP in rat sensory neurons. Whether expression of IAPP is altered by nerve injury with or without regeneration was investigated in adult rats subjected to unilateral sciatic axotomy; IAPP and CGRP expression were determined by quantitative in situ hybridization and immunocytochemistry at days 3, 10 and 30 after axotomy. In ipsilateral L4-L5 dorsal root ganglia (DRG), the percentages of nerve cell profiles labelled for IAPP and CGRP mRNA were reduced at all time points studied. IAPP and CGRP mRNA expression were lower in nerve cell profiles in ipsilateral DRGs compared to the contralateral side after axotomy alone whereas epineurial nerve suture maintained or restored IAPP and CGRP expression. The numbers of IAPP- and CGRP-immunoreactive DRG nerve cell profiles and dorsal horn fibers were reduced on the ipsilateral side at all time points. Thus, IAPP and CGRP expression are down-regulated upon axotomy. Nerve repair maintains or restores IAPP and CGRP expression in individual neurons but does not prevent the loss of CGRP/IAPP phenotype of some of these neurons in response to axotomy.
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9.
  • Mulder, H, et al. (författare)
  • Islet amyloid polypeptide and calcitonin gene-related peptide expression are upregulated in lumbar dorsal root ganglia after unilateral adjuvant-induced inflammation in the rat paw
  • 1997
  • Ingår i: Molecular Brain Research. - : Elsevier. - 0169-328X. ; 50:1-2, s. 35-127
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • After unilateral adjuvant-induced inflammation, expression of neuropeptides believed to be involved in the inflammatory response, e.g. substance P and calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP), is upregulated in innervating sensory neurons. Islet amyloid polypeptide (IAPP) is structurally related to CGRP and constitutively expressed in sensory CGRP-containing neurons; the role of IAPP in sensory neurons is unknown. To examine whether IAPP could play a role in inflammation, IAPP expression in L5 dorsal root ganglion (DRG) and its distribution in the dorsal horn were investigated after unilateral adjuvant-induced inflammation in the rat paw and compared with CGRP, using in situ hybridization and immunocytochemistry. At 12 h and day 3, but not day 21, the percentage of nerve cell profiles expressing IAPP and CGRP mRNA was greater in the ipsilateral L5 DRG; these changes paralleled the occurrence of edema around the tarsotibial joint and a slight limp. IAPP expression in individual nerve cell profiles was higher in the ipsilateral L5 DRG at 12 h, but not at days 3 and 21; the corresponding CGRP mRNA level was higher at days 3 and 21. At day 3, the higher expression of IAPP and CGRP on the ipsilateral side was accompanied by increased numbers of immunoreactive DRG neurons and fibers in the spinal cord dorsal horn. Largely, expression of IAPP and CGRP seems to be co-ordinately regulated by localized inflammation, although the rapid, but transient, upregulation in DRG neurons of IAPP mRNA expression and the slower, but sustained, upregulation of CGRP mRNA expression may indicate dissociated regulation of the peptides. Thus, IAPP could play a role in the initial phase of localized inflammation.
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