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Sökning: WFRF:(Zorzet Anna 1977 ) > (2010-2014)

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  • Zorzet, Anna, 1977-, et al. (författare)
  • Error-prone initiation factor 2 mutations reduce the fitness cost of antibiotic resistance
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Molecular Microbiology. - : Wiley-Blackwell. - 0950-382X .- 1365-2958. ; 75:5, s. 1299-1313
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Mutations in the fmt gene (encoding formyl methionine transferase) that eliminate formylation of initiator tRNA (Met-tRNA(i)) confer resistance to the novel antibiotic class of peptide deformylase inhibitors (PDFIs) while concomitantly reducing bacterial fitness. Here we show in Salmonella typhimurium that novel mutations in initiation factor 2 (IF2) located outside the initiator tRNA binding domain can partly restore fitness of fmt mutants without loss of antibiotic resistance. Analysis of initiation of protein synthesis in vitro showed that with non-formylated Met-tRNA(i) IF2 mutants initiated much faster than wild-type IF2, whereas with formylated fMet-tRNA(i) the initiation rates were similar. Moreover, the increase in initiation rates with Met-tRNA(i) conferred by IF2 mutations in vitro correlated well with the increase in growth rate conferred by the same mutations in vivo, suggesting that the mutations in IF2 compensate formylation deficiency by increasing the rate of in vivo initiation with Met-tRNA(i). IF2 mutants had also a high propensity for erroneous initiation with elongator tRNAs in vitro, which could account for their reduced fitness in vivo in a formylation-proficient strain. More generally, our results suggest that bacterial protein synthesis is mRNA-limited and that compensatory mutations in IF2 could increase the persistence of PDFI-resistant bacteria in clinical settings.
  • Zorzet, Anna, 1977- (författare)
  • Mechanisms of Adaptation to Deformylase Inhibitors
  • 2010
  • Doktorsavhandling (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • Antibiotic resistance is a growing problem on a global scale. Increasing numbers of bacteria resistant toward one or multiple antibiotics could return us to the high mortality rates for infectious diseases of the pre-antibiotic era. The need for development of new classes of antibiotics is great as is increased understanding of the mechanisms underlying the development of antibiotic resistance. We have investigated the emergence of resistance to peptide deformylase inhibitors, a new class of antibiotics that target bacterial protein synthesis. The fitness of resistant mutants as well as their propensity to acquire secondary compensatory mutations was assessed in order to gain some insight into the potential clinical risk of resistance development. Most of this work was done in the bacterium Salmonella typhimurium, due to the availability of excellent genetic tools to study these phenomena. In addition, we have studied the bacterium Staphylococcus aureus as peptide deformylase inhibitors have been shown to have the greatest effect on Gram-positive organisms. In the course of this work we also examined the mechanistic aspects of translation initiation. Using a cell-free in vitro translation system we studied the effects of various components on translation initiation. These results have been combined with results obtained from resistant and compensated bacterial strains in vivo to gain new insights into the mechanisms of translation initiation.
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