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1.
  • Eklund, Erik, et al. (författare)
  • Proteoglycan production in disomic and trisomy 7-carrying human synovial cells.
  • 2002
  • Ingår i: Matrix Biology. - : Elsevier. - 1569-1802. ; 21:4, s. 325-335
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • To gain further insight into the synthesis and structure of the synovial matrix of joints, we have established cell cultures from synovial specimens and elaborated their production of hyaluronan and proteoglycans. The cultures secreted mainly the small proteoglycan decorin, but also considerable amounts of the related biglycan and the large proteoglycan versican. Only minor amounts of heparan sulfate proteoglycans were found. All cultures also had a high production of hyaluronan, which highlights the important role for normal joint function of these cells. In joint diseases, a common feature is the presence of an extra chromosome 7 (trisomy 7) in the synovial cells. To study the possible consequences of trisomy 7 on the synovial cell function, we extended our study to cultures that had been sub-cloned to contain high amounts of trisomy 7-carrying cells. These cell cultures had approximately four times more versican than their disomic counterparts in the cell culture medium, indicating that versican may be a mediator in the processes of joint destructive disorders. To find an explanation for this increase in versican, we investigated the expression/secretion of PDGF-AA and IL-6, cytokines with their genes located to chromosome 7. Indeed, both these cytokines were increased in the cultures with high frequencies of trisomy 7. We then added the two cytokines to cell cultures of disomic synovial cells, but only cells treated with IL-6 displayed an increased amount of versican. Thus, we suggest that the increased amount of versican in cultures of trisomy 7-carrying cells relates to an autocrine loop involving an increased IL-6 production.
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2.
  • Moens, Lotte N. J., et al. (författare)
  • HaloPlex Targeted Resequencing for Mutation Detection in Clinical Formalin-Fixed, Paraffin-Embedded Tumor Samples
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: Journal of Molecular Diagnostics. - 1525-1578 .- 1943-7811. ; 17:6, s. 729-739
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • In recent years, the advent of massively parallel next-generation sequencing technologies has enabled substantial advances in the study of human diseases. Combined with targeted DNA enrichment methods, high sequence coverage can be obtained for different genes simultaneously at a reduced cost per sample, creating unique opportunities for clinical cancer diagnostics. However, the formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded (FFPE) process of tissue samples, routinely used in pathology departments, results in DNA fragmentation and nucleotide modifications that introduce a number of technical challenges for downstream biomotecular analyses. We evaluated the HaloPlex target enrichment system for somatic mutation detection in 80 tissue fractions derived from 20 clinical cancer cases with paired tumor and normal tissue available in both FFPE and fresh-frozen format. Several modifications to the standard method were introduced, including a reduced target fragment Length and two strand capturing. We found that FFPE material can be used for HaloPlex-based target enrichment and next-generation sequencing, even when starting from small amounts of DNA. By specifically capturing both strands for each target fragment, we were able to reduce the number of false-positive errors caused by FFPE-induced artifacts and Lower the detection limit for somatic mutations. We believe that the HaloPlex method presented here will be broadly applicable as a tool for somatic mutation detection in clinical cancer settings.
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3.
  • Okroj, Marcin, et al. (författare)
  • Antibodies against Kaposi sarcoma-associated herpes virus (KSHV) complement control protein (KCP) in infected individuals
  • 2007
  • Ingår i: Vaccine. - : Elsevier. - 1873-2518 .- 0264-410X. ; 25:48, s. 8102-8109
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Kaposi sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV) is the most important etiopathological factor of Kaposi's sarcoma (KS) and some specific types of malignant lymphomas. One of the viral lytic genes encodes the KSHV complement control protein (KCP), which functionally mimics human complement inhibitors. Although this protein provides an advantage for evading the complement attack, it can serve as target for adaptive immune response. Herein, we identified anti-KCP IgG antibodies in patients with KS and KSHV-related lymphomas. KCP-specific antibodies were only detected in sera of those patients who had high titres of antibodies against lytic or latent KSHV antigens. Complement control protein domain 2 (CCP2) was found to be the most immunogenic part of the KCP protein. Furthermore, pre-incubation of KCP-expressing CHO cells with patient sera containing anti-KCP antibodies resulted in an increased complement deposition when incubated with human serum.
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4.
  • Okroj, Marcin, et al. (författare)
  • Prevalence of antibodies against Kaposi's sarcoma associated herpes virus (KSHV) complement inhibitory protein (KCP) in KSHV-related diseases and their correlation with clinical parameters.
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: Vaccine. - : Elsevier. - 1873-2518. ; 29, s. 1129-1134
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpes virus (KSHV) encodes its own inhibitor of the complement system, designated KSHV complement control protein (KCP). Previously, we detected anti-KCP antibodies in a small group of 22 patients suffering from Kaposi's sarcoma (KS) and KSHV-related lymphoproliferative diseases (Vaccine, 25:8102-9). Anti-KCP antibodies were more prevalent in individuals suffering from KSHV-related lymphomas than KS and also in those with high titer of antibodies against lytic KSHV antigens. Herein we analyze anti-KCP antibodies in 175 individuals originating from three different groups from northern Sweden or Italy, which included patients suffering from classical or HIV-associated KS, Multicentric Castleman's Disease, KSHV-associated solid lymphoma, pleural effusion lymphoma and healthy individuals with detectable KSHV immune response. Our current study confirmed previous observations concerning antibody prevalence but we also analyzed correlations between anti-KCP antibodies and classical KS evolution, clinical stage and viral load in body fluids. Furthermore, we show that patient's anti-KCP antibodies are able to decrease the ability of KCP to inhibit complement. This fact combined with results of statistical analysis suggests that KCP inactivation by specific antibodies may influence progression of classical KS.
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5.
  • Janson, Håkan, et al. (författare)
  • Protein D, an immunoglobulin D-binding protein of Haemophilus influenzae: cloning, nucleotide sequence, and expression in Escherichia coli
  • 1991
  • Ingår i: Infection and Immunity. - : American Society for Microbiology. - 1098-5522. ; 59:1, s. 119-125
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The gene for protein D, a membrane-associated protein with specific affinity for human immunoglobulin D, was cloned from a nontypeable strain of Haemophilus influenzae. The gene was expressed in Escherichia coli from an endogenous promoter, and the gene product has an apparent molecular weight equal to that of H. influenzae protein D (42,000). The complete nucleotide sequence of the gene for protein D was determined, and the deduced amino acid sequence of 364 residues includes a putative signal sequence of 18 amino acids containing a consensus sequence, Leu-Ala-Gly-Cys, for bacterial lipoproteins. The sequence of protein D shows no similarity to those of other immunoglobulin-binding proteins. Protein D is the first example of immunoglobulin receptors from gram-negative bacteria that has been cloned and sequenced.
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6.
  • Jasir, Aftab, et al. (författare)
  • New antimicrobial peptide active against Gram-positive pathogens
  • 2004
  • Ingår i: Indian Journal of Medical Research. - : Council Of Medical Research. - 0971-5916. ; 119:Suppl., s. 74-76
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background & objectives: Human and animal cystatins have been shown to inhibit the replication of certain viruses and bacteria, though it is not directly demonstrated that the effects are due to protease inhibitory capacity of the cystatins. We report antibacterial properties of a novel antimicrobial peptidyl derivative, (2S)-2-(N-alpha-benzyloxycarbonyl-arginyl-leucylamido)-1-(E)-cinnamoyla mido-3-methylbutane, structurally based upon the aminoterminal segment of the inhibitory centre of the human cysteine protease inhibitor, cystatin C. Methods: Clinical isolates of group A, B, C and G streptococci were collected. The antibacterial activity of Cystapep 1 derivative was tested by agar well diffusion method. Results: Cystapep 1, displayed antibacterial activity against several clinically important Gram-positive bacteria. It displayed minimal inhibitory and bactericidal concentrations of about 16 mug/ml for both Staphylococcus aureus and Streptococcus pyogenes. In radial agar diffusion assays, groups A, B, C and G streptococci as well as staphylococci were generally susceptible to the action of Cystapep 1, whereas pneumococci and enterococci were less susceptible. No activity against Gram-negative bacteria was observed. Interpretation & conclusion: Cystapep 1 also showed high activity against methicillin-resistant Staph. aureus (MRSA) and multi-antibiotic resistant coagulase negative staphylococci (CNS), suggesting its mechanism of action to be different from most currently used antibiotics.
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9.
  • Pesonen, Erkki, et al. (författare)
  • Elevated infection parameters and infection symptoms predict an acute coronary event.
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: Therapeutic Advances in Cardiovascular Disease. - : SAGE Publications. - 1753-9447. ; 2:6, s. 419-424
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND: The etiology and significance of flu-like symptoms often appearing before myocardial infarction should be clarified. METHODS: In a case-control study of 323 matched controls and a random sample of 110 out of 351 cases the presence of infection symptoms during the preceding four weeks before admission were asked and blood samples taken. RESULTS: Enterovirus (EV), herpes simplex virus (HSV), and Chlamydia pneumoniae IgA titers were significantly higher in cases than in controls (p<0.001, 0.008 and 0.046, respectively). Flu-like symptoms appeared significantly more often in patients than in controls the most common one being fatigue (p<0.001). In controls with fatigue, EV and HSV titers showed a trend to be higher (1.50 vs 1.45 and 4.29 vs 3.73) than in controls without fatigue but only HSV titers were statistically significantly higher (3.47 vs 3.96, p = 0.02). Even CRP and amyloid A concentrations (3.49 vs 2.08, p<0.0001 and 5.70 vs 3.77 mg/l, p = 0.003, respectively) as well as C4 (0.40 vs 0.44, p = 0.02) were higher in controls with fatigue. CONCLUSIONS: Odds ratios for a coronary event in a logistic regression model were 4.79 for fatigue and 2.72 for EV antibody levels in their fourth quartile. A linear-by-linear association test showed increasing number of single symptoms with higher EV titer quartiles (p = 0.004).
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10.
  • Marwaha, Sania, et al. (författare)
  • N-acylated derivatives of sulfamethoxazole and sulfafurazole inhibit intracellular growth of Chlamydia trachomatis
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy. - : American Society for Microbiology. - 0066-4804 .- 1098-6596. ; 58:5, s. 2968-2971
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Antibacterial compounds with novel modes of action are needed for management of bacterial infections. Here we describe a high-content screen of 9,800 compounds identifying acylated sulfonamides as novel growth inhibitors of the sexually transmitted pathogen Chlamydia trachomatis. The effect was bactericidal and distinct from that of sulfonamide antibiotics, as para-aminobenzoic acid did not reduce efficacy. Chemical inhibitors play an important role in Chlamydia research as probes of potential targets and as drug development starting points.
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