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  • Karlsson, Carl-Joar, 1995 (författare)
  • Game theory and applications
  • 2021
  • Licentiatavhandling (övrigt vetenskapligt/konstnärligt)abstract
    • Individual-level interactions and decisions spread though populations and change the collective-level dynamics in an intricate way. Nevertheless, game theory is well suited for the unification of these viewpoints. This thesis introduces the works The strength of diversity and Decisions and disease: a mechanism for the evolution of cooperation, which show that games have broad applications in population dynamics modeling. In The strength of diversity we calculate the equilibrium strategies of the so-called game of teams. The game of teams is an individual-level competition between teams, and a team's strategy in this context is a distribution of strength over the team members. It turns out that the equilibrium strategies are flat distributions or 'alternating' flat distributions whenever there exists equilibrium strategies. In Decisions and disease: a mechanism for the evolution of cooperation we combine the classic SIR and SIS models from epidemiology with the prisoner's dilemma game. The transmission rate is computed as the average over defecting and cooperating individuals, and the individuals are subjected to a replicator equation that takes into account the portion of infectious members of the population. We compute the steady state solutions and interpret the results.
  • Andersson, Fredrik K., et al. (författare)
  • The mathematics of internet search engines
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: Acta Applicandae Mathematicae - An International Survey Journal on Applying Mathematics and Mathematical Applications. - : Springer. - 0167-8019 .- 1572-9036. ; 104:2, s. 211-242
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • This article presents a survey of techniques for ranking results in search engines, with emphasis on link-based ranking methods and the PageRank algorithm. The problem of selecting, in relation to a user search query, the most relevant documents from an unstructured source such as the WWW is discussed in detail. The need for extending classical information retrieval techniques such as boolean searching and vector space models with link-based ranking methods is demonstrated. The PageRank algorithm is introduced, and its numerical and spectral properties are discussed. The article concludes with an alternative means of computing PageRank, along with some example applications of this new method.
  • Laksman, Efraim, 1983, et al. (författare)
  • The stochastic opportunistic replacement problem, part III: improved bounding procedures
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: Annals of Operations Research. - : Springer Science and Business Media LLC. - 1572-9338 .- 0254-5330. ; 292:2, s. 711-733
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • We consider the problem to find a schedule for component replacement in a multi-component system, whose components possess stochastic lives and economic dependencies, such that the expected costs for maintenance during a pre-defined time period are minimized. The problem was considered in Patriksson et al. (Ann Oper Res 224:51–75, 2015), in which a two-stage approximation of the problem was optimized through decomposition (denoted the optimization policy). The current paper improves the effectiveness of the decomposition approach by establishing a tighter bound on the value of the recourse function (i.e., the second stage in the approximation). A general lower bound on the expected maintenance cost is also established. Numerical experiments with 100 simulation scenarios for each of four test instances show that the tighter bound yields a decomposition generating fewer optimality cuts. They also illustrate the quality of the lower bound. Contrary to results presented earlier, an age-based policy performs on par with the optimization policy, although most simple policies perform worse than the optimization policy.
  • Algebra, Geometry, and Mathematical Physics 2010
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Journal of Physics: Conference Series. - : IOP Publishing. - 1742-6596 .- 1742-6588.
  • Samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (övrigt vetenskapligt/konstnärligt)abstract
    • This proceedings volume presents results obtained by the participants of the 6th Baltic–Nordic workshop 'Algebra, Geometry, and Mathematical Physics (AGMP-6)' held at the Sven Lovén Centre for Marine Sciences in Tjärnö, Sweden on October 25–30, 2010. The Baltic–Nordic Network AGMP 'Algebra, Geometry, and Mathematical Physics' http://www.agmp.eu was created in 2005 on the initiative of two Estonian universities and two Swedish universities: Tallinn University of Technology represented by Eugen Paal (coordinator of the network), Tartu University represented by Viktor Abramov, Lund University represented by Sergei Silvestrov, and Chalmers University of Technology and the University of Gothenburg represented by Alexander Stolin. The goal was to promote international and interdisciplinary cooperation between scientists and research groups in the countries of the Baltic–Nordic region in mathematics and mathematical physics, with special emphasis on the important role played by algebra and geometry in modern physics, engineering and technologies. The main activities of the AGMP network consist of a series of regular annual international workshops, conferences and research schools. The AGMP network also constitutes an important educational forum for scientific exchange and dissimilation of research results for PhD students and Postdocs. The network has expanded since its creation, and nowadays its activities extend beyond countries in the Baltic–Nordic region to universities in other European countries and participants from elsewhere in the world. As one of the important research-dissimilation outcomes of its activities, the network has a tradition of producing high-quality research proceedings volumes after network events, publishing them with various international publishers.
  • Casarino, V., et al. (författare)
  • On the variation operator for the Ornstein-Uhlenbeck semigroup in dimension one
  • 2024
  • Ingår i: Annali Di Matematica Pura Ed Applicata. - 0373-3114 .- 1618-1891. ; 203:1, s. 205-219
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Consider the variation seminorm of the Ornstein-Uhlenbeck semigroup Ht in dimension one, taken with respect to t. We show that this seminorm defines an operator of weak type (1, 1) for the relevant Gaussian measure. The analogous Lp estimates for 1 < p < 8 were already known.
  • Lundengård, Karl, 1987- (författare)
  • Generalized Vandermonde matrices and determinants in electromagnetic compatibility
  • 2017
  • Licentiatavhandling (övrigt vetenskapligt/konstnärligt)abstract
    • Matrices whose rows (or columns) consists of monomials of sequential powers are called Vandermonde matrices and can be used to describe several useful concepts and have properties that can be helpful for solving many kinds of problems. In this thesis we will discuss this matrix and some of its properties as well as a generalization of it and how it can be applied to curve fitting discharge current for the purpose of ensuring electromagnetic compatibility.In the first chapter the basic theory for later chapters is introduced. This includes the Vandermonde matrix and some of its properties, history, applications and generalizations, interpolation and regression problems, optimal experiment design and modelling of electrostatic discharge currents with the purpose to ensure electromagnetic compatibility.The second chapter focuses on finding the extreme points for the determinant for the Vandermonde matrix on various surfaces including spheres, ellipsoids, cylinders and tori. The extreme points are analysed in three dimensions or more.The third chapter discusses fitting a particular model called the p-peaked Analytically Extended Function (AEF) to data taken either from a standard for electromagnetic compatibility or experimental measurements. More specifically the AEF will be fitted to discharge currents from the IEC 62305-1 and IEC 61000-4-2 standards for lightning protection and electrostatic discharge immunity as well as some experimentally measured data of similar phenomena.
  • Balkanova, Olga, 1988, et al. (författare)
  • Prime geodesic theorem in the 3-dimensional hyperbolic space
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Transactions of the American Mathematical Society. - : American Mathematical Society (AMS). - 0002-9947 .- 1088-6850. ; 372:8, s. 5355-5374
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • For Γ a cofinite Kleinian group acting on H3, we study the prime geodesic theorem on M = Γ\H3, which asks about the asymptotic behavior of lengths of primitive closed geodesics (prime geodesics) on M. Let EΓ(X) be the error in the counting of prime geodesics with length at most log X. For the Picard manifold, Γ = PSL(2, Z[i]), we improve the classical bound of Sarnak, EΓ(X) = O(X5/3+e), to EΓ(X) = O(X13/8+e). In the process we obtain a mean subconvexity estimate for the Rankin-Selberg L-function attached to Maass-Hecke cusp forms. We also investigate the second moment of EΓ(X) for a general cofinite group Γ, and we show that it is bounded by O(X16/5+e).
  • Björnberg, Jakob, 1983, et al. (författare)
  • 2022
  • Ingår i: Annals of Probability. - 2168-894X .- 0091-1798. ; 50:5, s. 2056-2084
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • We introduce a new familiy of random compact metric spaces Sα for α ∈ (1, 2), which we call stable shredded spheres. They are constructed from excursions of α-stable Lévy processes on [0, 1] possessing no negative jumps. Informally, viewing the graph of the Lévy excursion in the plane, each jump of the process is “cut open” and replaced by a circle, and then all points on the graph at equal height, which are not separated by a jump, are identified. We show that the shredded spheres arise as scaling limits of models of causal random planar maps with large faces introduced by Di Francesco and Guitter. We also establish that their Hausdorff dimension is almost surely equal to α. Point identification in the shredded spheres is intimately connected to the presence of decrease points in stable spectrally positive Lévy processes, as studied by Bertoin in the 1990s.
  • Brubaker, B., et al. (författare)
  • Colored five-vertex models and Demazure atoms
  • 2021
  • Ingår i: Journal of Combinatorial Theory Series A. - : Elsevier BV. - 0097-3165 .- 1096-0899. ; 178
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Type A Demazure atoms are pieces of Schur functions, or sets of tableaux whose weights sum to such functions. Inspired by colored vertex models of Borodin and Wheeler, we will construct solvable lattice models whose partition functions are Demazure atoms; the proof of this makes use of a Yang-Baxter equation for a colored five-vertex model. As a byproduct, we will construct Demazure atoms on Kashiwara's B-infinity crystal and give new algorithms for computing Lascoux-Schutzenberger keys. (C) 2020 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
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