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Träfflista för sökning "hsv:(TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER) hsv:(Medicinteknik) hsv:(Medicinsk laboratorie och mätteknik) "

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1.
  • Brown, Shannon, et al. (författare)
  • Intarsia-sensorized band and textrodes for real-time myoelectric pattern recognition
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society (EMBC), 2016 IEEE 38th Annual International Conference of the. - : Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE). - 1557-170X. - 9781457702204 ; , s. 6074-6077
  • Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Surface Electromyography (sEMG) has applications in prosthetics, diagnostics and neuromuscular rehabilitation. Self-adhesive Ag/AgCl are the electrodes preferentially used to capture sEMG in short-term studies, however their long-term application is limited. In this study we designed and evaluated a fully integrated smart textile band with electrical connecting tracks knitted with intarsia techniques and knitted textile electrodes. Real-time myoelectric pattern recognition for motor volition and signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) were used to compare its sensing performance versus the conventional Ag-AgCl electrodes. After a comprehending measurement and performance comparison of the sEMG recordings, no significant differences were found between the textile and the Ag-AgCl electrodes in SNR and prediction accuracy obtained from pattern recognition classifiers.
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2.
  • Hafid, Abdelakram, et al. (författare)
  • Full Impedance Cardiography Measurement Device Using Raspberry PI3 and System-on-Chip Biomedical Instrumentation Solutions
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: IEEE journal of biomedical and health informatics. - : IEEE-INST ELECTRICAL ELECTRONICS ENGINEERS INC. - 2168-2194 .- 2168-2208. ; 22:6, s. 1883-1894
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Impedance cardiography (ICG) is a noninvasive method for monitoring cardiac dynamics using electrical bioimpedance (EBI) measurements. Since its appearance more than 40 years ago, ICG has been used for assessing hemodynamic parameters. This paper presents a measurement system based on two System on Chip (SoC) solutions and Raspberry PI, implementing both a full three-lead ECG recorder and an impedance cardiographer, for educational and research development purposes. Raspberry PI is a platform supporting Do-I t-Yourself project and education applications across the world. The development is part of Biosignal PI, an open hardware platform focusing in quick prototyping of physiological measurement instrumentation. The SoC used for sensing cardiac biopotential is the ADAS1000, and for the EBI measurement is the AD5933. The recordings were wirelessly transmitted through Bluetooth to a PC, where the waveforms were displayed, and hemodynamic parameters such as heart rate, stroke volume, ejection time and cardiac output were extracted from the ICG and ECG recordings. These results show how Raspberry PI can be used for quick prototyping using relatively widely available and affordable components, for supporting developers in research and engineering education. The design and development documents will be available on www.BiosignalPl.com, for open access under a Non Commercial-Share A like 4.0 International License.
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3.
  • Seoane, Fernando, 1976-, et al. (författare)
  • Textile-Friendly Interconnection between Wearable Measurement Instrumentation and Sensorized Garments-Initial Performance Evaluation for Electrocardiogram Recordings.
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Sensors. - : MDPI AG. - 1424-8220. ; 19:20
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The interconnection between hard electronics and soft textiles remains a noteworthy challenge in regard to the mass production of textile-electronic integrated products such as sensorized garments. The current solutions for this challenge usually have problems with size, flexibility, cost, or complexity of assembly. In this paper, we present a solution with a stretchable and conductive carbon nanotube (CNT)-based paste for screen printing on a textile substrate to produce interconnectors between electronic instrumentation and a sensorized garment. The prototype connectors were evaluated via electrocardiogram (ECG) recordings using a sensorized textile with integrated textile electrodes. The ECG recordings obtained using the connectors were evaluated for signal quality and heart rate detection performance in comparison to ECG recordings obtained with standard pre-gelled Ag/AgCl electrodes and direct cable connection to the ECG amplifier. The results suggest that the ECG recordings obtained with the CNT paste connector are of equivalent quality to those recorded using a silver paste connector or a direct cable and are suitable for the purpose of heart rate detection.
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4.
  • Lui, Hoi-Shun, et al. (författare)
  • On the matching medium for microwave stroke diagnosis
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Biomedical Physics and Engineering Express. - : IOP Publishing. - 2057-1976. ; 5:4
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The choice of matching medium can directly affect the amount of power transmitted into and through human bodies, which impacts on the quality of the reconstructed images in microwave-based medical imaging, and thus the diagnosis accuracies. In this paper, the amount of the transmitted and reflected power of multi-layer planar healthy and hemorrhagic stroke brain models under different choices of matching medium are determined. These multi-layer planar brain tissue models are made up of at least 17 tissue layers with realistic dielectric properties. A layer of blood with different thickness is introduced to model the case of hemorrhagic stroke. Our results show that matching medium with low relative permittivity provides better intrinsic contrast between healthy brain and hemorrhagic brain. Analysis on how the reflection coefficient and transmittance vary under different matching medium are included to provide better insights to the findings.
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5.
  • Rezaei Aghdam, Sina, 1989, et al. (författare)
  • Reducing Motion Artifacts in Microwave-Based Hemorrhagic Stroke Detection
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: 13th European Conference on Antennas and Propagation, EuCAP 2019.
  • Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The use of microwave technology for brain stroke detection opens up the opportunity for developing low-cost transportable devices which can be employed for rapid and prehospital detection of bleeding in patients with traumatic brain injury. Since the detection relies on changes in the scattering parameters of the tissues during pathological conditions, the movements in head or the antennas can deteriorate the detection accuracy. As a countermeasure to this problem, we introduce a technique for reducing the sensitivity of the detection system to motion artifacts. Via analyzing the scattering from an anatomically accurate model of human brain, we evidence that the channels between different pairs of antennas exhibit significantly different levels of sensitivity to the movement. Using this as a ground truth, we develop a generalized singular value decomposition (GSVD)-based approach for assigning appropriate weights to the channels between different antennas such that the probability of correct bleeding detection is maximized.
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6.
  • Rowa, Per, et al. (författare)
  • Automated Malaria Parasite Detection
  • 1977
  • Rapport (övrigt vetenskapligt/konstnärligt)abstract
    • A system for malaria parasite detection in thin blood-smears is presented. Sample slides prepared with standard methods are accepted. A low-cost TV-camera mounted on an ordinary microscope with a computer controlled stage is used as a picture sensor. Frames, digitized in windows of 64 x 64 pixels are fed into a special purpose picture processor at normal frame rate (25 frames/sec). In the picture processor measurements are made on the images at high speed. The classification problem is split into different levels each having different characteristics such as different sampling density. Four classes, three of which are different types of malaria parasites, are recognized. As a whole the classification is best labelled as a sequential pattern recognition procedure.In its preliminary version the system has been run at a speed comparable to that of a human operator, that is l 500 cells per minute. A test on 80 000 cells gave 25 false negatives out of 283 parasites (9%) and 41 false positives (0.05%).
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7.
  • Tomasic, Ivan, et al. (författare)
  • Comparison of publicly available beat detection algorithms performances on the ECGs obtained by a patch ECG device
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: 2019 42nd International Convention on Information and Communication Technology, Electronics and Microelectronics, MIPRO 2019 - Proceedings. - : Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.. - 9789532330984 ; , s. 275-278
  • Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Eight ECG beat detection algorithms, from the PhysioNet's WFDB and Cardiovascular Signal toolboxes, were tested on twenty measurements, obtained by the Savvy patch ECG device, for their accuracy in beat detection. On each subject, one measurement is obtained while sitting and one while running. Each measurement lasted from thirty seconds to one minute. The measurements obtained while running were more challenging for all the algorithms, as most of them almost perfectly detected all the beats on the measurements obtained in sitting position. However, when applied on the measurements obtained while running, all the algorithms have performed with decreased accuracy. Considering overall percentage of the faulty detected peaks, the four best algorithms were jqrs, from the Cardiovascular Signal Toolbox, and ecgpuwave, gqrs, and wqrs, from the WFDB Toolbox, with percentages of faulty detected beats 1.7, 2.3, 2.9, and 3, respectively. 
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8.
  • Zanoli, Massimiliano, 1989 (författare)
  • Ultra wideband microwave hyperthermia for brain cancer treatment
  • 2022
  • Doktorsavhandling (övrigt vetenskapligt/konstnärligt)abstract
    • Despite numerous clinical trials demonstrating that microwave hyperthermia is a powerful adjuvant modality in the treatment of cancers, there have been few instances where this method has been applied to brain tumors. The reason is a combination of anatomical and physiological factors in this site that require an extra degree of accuracy and precision in the thermal dose delivery. Current clinical applicators are not able to provide such control, partly because they are designed to operate at a single fixed frequency. In terms of treatment planning, the use of a single frequency is limiting as the size of the focal spot cannot be modified to accommodate the specific tumor volume and location. The introduction of ultra wide-band (UWB) systems opens up an opportunity to overcome these limitations, as they convey the possibility of adapting the focal spot and obtaining different power deposition patterns to reduce the heating of healthy tissues. In this thesis, we explore whether the current SAR-based treatment planning methods can be meaningfully translated to the UWB setting and propose new solutions for deep UWB microwave hyperthermia. We analyze the most commonly used cost functions for treatment planning optimization and discuss their suitability for use with UWB systems. Then, we propose a novel SAR-based cost function (HCQ) for UWB optimization that exhibits a high correlation with the resulting tumor temperature. To solve for the HCQ, we describe a novel, time-reversal-based, iterative scheme for a rapid and efficient optimization of UWB treatment plans. Next, we investigate the design possibilities of UWB brain applicators and introduce a fast E-field approximation scheme to quickly explore a large number of array configurations. The method determines the best antenna arrangement around the head with respect to the multiple objectives and requirements of clinical hyperthermia. Together, the proposed solutions manage to achieve the level of tumor coverage and hot-spot suppression that is necessary for a successful treatment. Finally, we investigate the benefit of integrating hyperthermia delivered by an optimized UWB applicator into the radiation therapy plan for a pediatric medulloblastoma patient. The results suggest that UWB microwave hyperthermia for brain cancer treatment is feasible and motivate efforts for further development of UWB applicators and systems.
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9.
  • Zeng, Xuezhi, 1980, et al. (författare)
  • Investigation of an ultra wideband noise sensor for health monitoring
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: Sensors. - : MDPI AG. - 1424-8220. ; 20:4
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Quick on-scene assessment and early intervention is the key to reduce the mortality of stroke and trauma patients, and it is highly desirable to develop ambulance-based diagnostic and monitoring devices in order to provide additional support to the medical personnel. We developed a compact and low cost ultra wideband noise sensor for medical diagnostics and vital sign monitoring in pre-hospital settings. In this work, we demonstrated the functionality of the sensor for respiration and heartbeat monitoring. In the test, metronome was used to manipulate the breathing pattern and the heartbeat rate reference was obtained with a commercial electrocardiogram (ECG) device. With seventeen tests performed for respiration rate detection, sixteen of them were successfully detected. The results also show that it is possible to detect the heartbeat rate accurately with the developed sensor.
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10.
  • Capece, Sabrina, et al. (författare)
  • A general strategy for obtaining biodegradable polymer shelled microbubbles as theranostic devices
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: Chemical Communications. - 1359-7345 .- 1364-548X. ; 49:51, s. 5763-5765
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Fabrication of multifunctional ultrasound contrast agents (UCAs) has been recently addressed by several research groups. A versatile strategy for the synthesis of UCA precursors in the form of biodegradable vesicles with a biocompatible crosslinked polymer shell is described. Upon ultrasound irradiation, acoustic droplet vaporization transforms such particles into microbubbles behaving as UCAs. This proof of concept entails the features of a potential theranostic microdevice.
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